Anglo-Saxon Landscapes at the Time of the Norman Conquest

Anglo-Saxon Landscapes at the Time of the Norman Conquest The Anglo-Saxon way of life was considerably changed by the introduction of the Normans in the later eleventh century. The Normans were better than the Anglo-Saxons at architecture and horticulture when they came into power. But the Normans had to pacify the entire territory before they could concentrate on home life, domestic architecture, and decoration.Anglo-Saxon Landscapes Time Norman Conquest 52392815.jpg Most often built upon windy peaks, castles were fundamental constructs that permitted their occupants to spend time and space to offensive and defensive strategies, while monasteries were rambling stone buildings commonly installed in only the most fecund, extensive valleys. The calm method of gardening was not viable in these bleak bastions. The early Anglo-Norman style of architecture is portrayed in Berkeley Castle, which is perhaps the most unscathed sample we have. It is said that the keep was introduced during William the Conqueror's time. An enormous terrace encompasses the building, serving as an impediment to assailants attempting to excavate under the castle walls. One of these terraces, a charming bowling green, is covered grass and flanked by an ancient yew hedge trimmed into the figure of crude battlements.

A Wall Fountain to Match Your Design

Wall Fountain Match Design 8191928820582818.jpg A Wall Fountain to Match Your Design Having a wall fountain in your backyard or on a veranda is fantastic when you wish to relax. You can have one made to fit your requirements even if you have a small amount of space. Whether it is stand alone or fitted, you will require a spout, a water basin, internal piping, and a pump. There are any number of different varieties available on the market including traditional, contemporary, classical, or Asian.

Also referred to as a floor fountain, a stand-alone wall fountain is normally rather big, and its basin is installed on the ground.

It is possible to integrate a wall-mounted water feature onto an already existing wall or built into a new wall. Incorporating this kind of water feature into your landscape adds a cohesiveness to the look you want to achieve rather than making it seem as if the fountain was merely added later.

Your Outdoor Living Area: A Great Place for a Garden Fountain

Your Outdoor Living Area: A Great Place for a Garden Fountain A great way to enhance the appeal of your outdoor living area is to add a wall water feature or an exterior garden fountain to your landscaping or garden layout.Outdoor Living Area: Great  Place Garden Fountain 2632357938727.jpg A myriad of present-day designers and fountain craftsmen have found ideas in the fountains and water features of the past. Therefore, in order to connect your home to earlier times, add one these in your home decor. Among the many attributes of these beautiful garden water features is the water and moisture they discharge into the air which attracts birds and other wild life as well as helps to balance the ecosystem. Birds enticed by a fountain or bird bath often scare away irritating flying pests, for instance.

The area required for a cascading or spouting fountain is considerable, so a wall fountain is the perfect size for a small yard. You can choose to put in a stand-alone fountain with a flat back and an attached basin propped against a fence or wall in your backyard, or a wall-mounted type which is self-contained and hung from a wall. A water feature can be added to an existing wall if you include some kind of fountain mask as well as a basin to collect the water below. Be sure to work with a professional for this type of job since it is better not to do it yourself due to the intricate plumbing and masonry work involved.

The Countless Construction Materials of Large Outdoor Fountains

The Countless Construction Materials of Large Outdoor Fountains Though they come in different materials, modern garden fountains tend to be made of metal. Those made from metals have clean lines and attractive sculptural elements, and are flexible enough to fit any budget and decor.Countless Construction Materials Large Outdoor Fountains 91558971346335589.jpg It is essential that your landscape reflects the style of your residence.

A popular choice today is copper, and it is used in the designing of many sculptural garden fountains. Copper is appropriate for many fountain styles, including tabletop and cascade water fountains, and can be placed either inside or outside - making it a great option. Another advantage of copper fountains is they are versatile and come in a wide assortment of styles.

Also popular, brass fountains typically have a more old-fashioned appearance to them versus their copper counterpart. Even though they are a bit old-fashioned, brass fountains are quite popular because they often include interesting artwork.

Arguably the most contemporary of all metals is stainless steel. Adding a modern-looking steel design will immediately add value to your garden and enhance the overall atmosphere. As with any type of fountain, they are available in numerous sizes.

Fiberglass fountains are popular because they look similar to metal but are more affordable and much less cumbersome to move around. Caring for a fiberglass water fountain is quite easy, another benefit that consumers like.

Beautiful Wall Water Features

Beautiful Wall Water Features 952292651904756.jpg Beautiful Wall Water Features A wall fountain can be an important design element in your home or workplace, enough so that it leaves a good impression on your family and friends alike. Having a wall water feature in your daily life not only stimulates the eyes with its beauty but also your ears with the soothing background sounds it creates. People will walk away with a memorable impression of the delightful sights and relaxing sounds coming from it.

Wall elements are a good alternative if the space you occupy is more modern in appearance. Also made in modern-day materials such as stainless steel or glass, they can add pizzazz to your interior decor. Is space limited in your house or business? A wall water fountain is perhaps the best choice for you. Since they are installed on a wall, these features do not take up valuable room. Commercial buildings with busy lobbies generally have one of these fountains. Wall fountains are not constrained to interior use, however. Think about using fiberglass or resin for your outside wall water feature. Liven up your patio, courtyard, or other outdoor areas with a water fountain made of these water-resistant materials.

There is wide array of unique styles in wall fountains ranging from the modern to classic and rustic. Your design plans determine the most appropriate kind for your needs. The materials utilzed to decorate a mountain lodge are different from that needed to beautify a high-rise apartment, the former perhaps requiring slate and the latter better served with sleek glass. You can select the material most suited to your needs. Fountains are features which most certainly thrill folks who visit your home.

Landscape Elegance: Landscape Fountains

Landscape Elegance: Landscape Fountains 69651743600160857663.jpg Landscape Elegance: Landscape Fountains These days you can just put your garden water fountain against a wall since they no longer need to be hooked to a pond. Nowadays, you can eliminate digging, complicated installations and cleaning the pond. Due to the fact that this feature is self-contained, no plumbing is needed. However, water has to be added consistently. Empty the water from the basin and place clear water in its place when you see that the space is grimy.

The most utilized materials employed to manufacture garden wall fountains are stone and metal, despite the fact that they can be made out of many other elements. Knowing the style you wish for shows the best material to use. It is best to look for exterior wall fountains which are uncomplicated to install, hand-crafted and lightweight. Be sure that your fountain is manageable as far as upkeep is concerned. Generally, most installations are straight forward since the only parts which may require examination are the re-circulating pump and the hanging hardware whereas other kinds of setups can be a little more difficult. You can relax knowing your garden can be easily juiced up by installing this kind of fountain.

The Circulation of Outdoor Garden Fountain Manufacturing Knowledge in Europe

The Circulation of Outdoor Garden Fountain Manufacturing Knowledge in EuropeCirculation Outdoor Garden Fountain Manufacturing Knowledge Europe 799850605020054198.jpg The circulated documents and illustrated publications of the time contributed to the development of scientific technology, and were the chief means of transmitting useful hydraulic concepts and water feature ideas throughout Europe. An un-named French fountain engineer was an internationally famed hydraulic innovator in the later part of the 1500's. With imperial commissions in Brussels, London and Germany, he started his work in Italy, developing experience in garden design and grottoes with integrated and imaginative water hydraulics. The book, “The Principles of Moving Forces,” written towards the end of his life in France, turned into the definitive text on hydraulic mechanics and engineering. Modernizing key hydraulic discoveries of classical antiquity, the publication also explains contemporary hydraulic technologies. The water screw, a mechanical method to move water, and invented by Archimedes, was highlighted in the book. Sunlight warming water in two containers hidden in a room next to an beautiful water feature was shown in one illustration. Actuating the water fountain is heated liquid that expands and ascends to close up the pipes. Yard ponds as well as pumps, water wheels, and water feature designs are included in the publication.

Where did Fountains Begin?

Fountains Begin? 442908078638842384.jpg Where did Fountains Begin? A fountain, an incredible piece of engineering, not only supplies drinking water as it pours into a basin, it can also propel water high into the air for an extraordinary effect.

Pure practicality was the original purpose of fountains. Water fountains were linked to a spring or aqueduct to provide drinkable water as well as bathing water for cities, townships and villages. Up to the late nineteenth century, water fountains had to be near an aqueduct or reservoir and more elevated than the fountain so that gravity could make the water move down or jet high into the air. Serving as an element of adornment and celebration, fountains also generated clean, fresh drinking water. Animals or heroes made of bronze or stone masks were often used by Romans to beautify their fountains. Throughout the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden planners included fountains to create smaller depictions of the gardens of paradise. King Louis XIV of France wanted to demonstrate his superiority over nature by including fountains in the Gardens of Versailles. The Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries were extolled with baroque style fountains constructed to mark the arrival points of Roman aqueducts.

Urban fountains made at the end of the 19th century functioned only as decorative and celebratory adornments since indoor plumbing provided the necessary drinking water. Gravity was replaced by mechanical pumps in order to enable fountains to bring in clean water and allow for amazing water displays.

Nowadays, fountains adorn public areas and are used to pay tribute to individuals or events and fill recreational and entertainment needs.

Keeping Your Outdoor Wall Fountain Clean

Keeping Your Outdoor Wall Fountain Clean In order to ensure that water fountains last a while, it is important to practice regular maintenance. It is essential to clean it out and remove any debris or foreign objects that might have fallen into or onto it. Also, algae has a tendency to build up anywhere natural light meets water. To avoid this, take vinegar, hydrogen peroxide, or sea salt and add right into the water. Another option is to blend bleach into the water, but this action can harm wild animals and so should really be avoided.Keeping Outdoor Wall Fountain Clean 01532313756803900188.jpg

No more than three-four months should go by without an extensive cleansing of a fountain. Prior to cleaning, all the water must be removed. Then use a soft cloth and mild cleanser to scrub the inside. If there are any small grooves, use a toothbrush to get each and every spot. Any soap residue remaining on your fountain can harm it, so be sure it is all rinsed off.

It is highly advised taking the pump apart to better clean the inside and eliminate any plankton or calcium. You might want to let it soak in vinegar for a few hours to make it easier to clean. Neither rain water nor mineral water contain ingredients that will collect inside the pump, so use either over tap water if possible.

One final trick for keeping your fountain in top working shape is to check the water level every day and make sure it is full. Allowing the water to reach below the pump’s intake level, can cause severe damage and even make the pump burn out - an undesired outcome!

Bernini’s Very First Italian Fountains

Bernini’s Very First Italian FountainsBernini’s First Italian Fountains 30579442.jpg Bernini's earliest fountain, named Barcaccia, is a breath taking work of art found at the bottom of the Trinita dei Monti in Piaza di Spagna. Roman residents and site seers who enjoy verbal exchanges as well as being the company of others still go to this spot. Today, the city streets surrounding Bernini's fountain are a trendy place where people go to gather, something which the artist would have been pleased to learn. The master's first fountain of his career was built at around 1630 at the behest of Pope Urbano VIII. An enormous boat slowly sinking into the Mediterranean is the fountain's central theme. Period writings dating back to the 16th century show that the fountain was constructed as a memorial to those who lost their lives in the great flooding of the Tevere. In 1665 Bernini traveled to France, in what was to be his only lengthy absence from Italy.

The Wide Array of Styles of Water Wall Fountains

The Wide Array of Styles of Water Wall Fountains You can create a place to relax as well as add a touch of style to your porch or yard with a wall fountain since they are excellent adornments to fit into small area. The multitude of designs in outdoor wall fountains, including traditional, classic, contemporary, or Asian, means that you can find the one best suited to your tastes. While there are countless prefabricated ones on the market, you may need a custom-built fountain if none of these are appealing to you.

There are two distinct sorts of fountains you can buy: mounted and free-standing. Small, self-contained mounted wall fountains can be hung on any surface. Normally made of resin (to resemble stone) or fiber glass, these sorts of fountains are lightweight and easy to hang. Large-sized free-standing wall fountains, commonly referred to as floor fountains, have their basins positioned on the floor and a flat side leaning on a wall.Wide Array  Styles Water Wall Fountains 851562467267.jpg Water features such as these are typically manufactured of cast stone and have no weight limits.

Customized fountains which can be integrated into a new or existing wall are often recommended by landscaping designers. A skilled mason is necessary to place the water basin against the wall and properly install all the plumbing inside or behind the wall. You will need to integrate a spout or fountain mask into the wall. Customized wall fountains contribute to a unified appearance because they become part of the landscape rather than look like a later addition.

Large Garden Fountains: An Ideal Decor Accessory to Find Serenity

Large Garden Fountains: An Ideal Decor Accessory to Find Serenity Your mood is positively influenced by having water in your garden. The sounds of a fountain are great to drown out the noise in your neighborhood or in the city where you reside. This is a place where you can relax and experience nature. Water treatments are common these days and often take place in the mountains or near beaches and rivers.Large Garden Fountains: Ideal Decor Accessory Find Serenity 4528909023612902.jpg If what you seek is a calming place where you can take your body and your mind to a faraway place, put in a pond or fountain in your garden.

Rome’s Early Water Transport Systems

Rome’s Early Water Transport Systems Aqua Anio Vetus, the first raised aqueduct built in Rome, began delivering the people living in the hills with water in 273 BC, though they had counted on natural springs up till then.Rome’s Early Water Transport Systems 64040356694090992.jpg If residents residing at higher elevations did not have access to springs or the aqueduct, they’d have to count on the other existing systems of the day, cisterns that accumulated rainwater from the sky and subterranean wells that received the water from below ground. To provide water to Pincian Hill in the early sixteenth century, they implemented the emerging strategy of redirecting the movement from the Acqua Vergine aqueduct’s underground network. All through the length of the aqueduct’s route were pozzi, or manholes, that gave access. While these manholes were provided to make it much easier to preserve the aqueduct, it was also feasible to use buckets to extract water from the channel, which was done by Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi from the time he acquired the property in 1543 to his passing in 1552. Although the cardinal also had a cistern to collect rainwater, it couldn't produce sufficient water. That is when he decided to create an access point to the aqueduct that ran underneath his property.
The Benefits of Including an Indoor Wall Water Fountain Your interior living space can benefit from an interior wall fountain because it beautifies your home and also lends it a modern feel.You can create a noise-free, stressless and relaxing setting for your family, friends and clients by installing this type of fountain.... read more


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Large Outdoor Fountains Defined A water feature is one which is a big element through which water runs.There is a broad array of such features going from something as simple as a hanging wall fountain or as elaborate as a courtyard tiered fountain.... read more