The Defining Characteristics of Ancient Greek Sculpture

The Defining Characteristics of Ancient Greek Sculpture The Archaic Greeks manufactured the 1st freestanding statuary, an amazing achievement as most sculptures up until then had been reliefs cut into walls and pillars. Most of the freestanding statues were of youthful, winsome male or female (kore) Greeks and are termed kouros figures. Symbolizing beauty to the Greeks, the kouroi were crafted to appear stiff and always had foot forward; the males were vigorous, robust, and naked. In around 650 BC, the variations of the kouroi became life-sized. The Archaic period was an amazing point of change for the Greeks as they extended into new forms of government, created unique expressions of art, and attained knowledge of the men and women and cultures outside of Greece. Nevertheless, the Greek civilization was not slowed down by these challenges.

Outdoor Garden Fountains Defined

Outdoor Garden Fountains Defined The definition of a water feature is a large component which has water flowing in or through it. The range of goods available run the gamut from simple suspended wall fountains to fancy courtyard tiered fountains. The versatility of this feature is practical since it can be placed inside or outside. Ponds and pools are also included in the description of a water element.

Living spaces such as extensive yards, yoga studios, comfortable verandas, apartment balconies, or office settings are great areas to add a water feature such as a garden wall fountain. The pleasant sounds of trickling water from this kind of feature please the senses of sight and hearing of anyone closeby. Their visibly satisfying design adds to the embellishment of any area as well.Outdoor Garden Fountains Defined 97444571077819939.jpg You can also have fun watching the striking water display, experience the serenity, and reduce any unwanted noises with the soothing sounds of water.

Landscape Elegance: Outdoor Fountains

Landscape Elegance: Outdoor Fountains Having a pond in the vicinity of your garden water fountain is no longer necessary because they can now be placed on a wall near by. Due to the myriad possibilities available, it no longer necessary to deal with excavations, complcated installations or cleaning the pond. There is no plumbing necessary with this kind of self-contained water feature. Consistently adding water is the only necessity.Landscape Elegance: Outdoor Fountains 66548004.jpg Empty the water from the basin and place clear water in its place when you see that the area is unclean.

Stone and metal are most common elements used to make garden wall fountains even though they can be made of other materials as well. The most suitable material for your fountain depends completely on the design you choose. The best designs for your garden wall fountain are those which are handmade, simple to put up and not too heavy to hang. The fountain you buy needs to be simple to maintain as well. While there may be some cases in which the setup needs a bit more care, generally the majority require a minimal amount of effort to install since the only two parts which call for scrutiny are the re-circulating pump and the hanging hardware. You can rest assured your garden can be easily juiced up by installing this kind of fountain.

The Dissemination of Water Feature Design Technology

The Dissemination of Water Feature Design TechnologyDissemination Water Feature Design Technology 08910849461.jpg Dissiminating practical hydraulic information and fountain design ideas throughout Europe was accomplished with the printed documents and illustrated books of the time. An unnamed French water fountain designer became an internationally celebrated hydraulic innovator in the later part of the 1500's. His competence in designing gardens and grottoes with built-in and ingenious water fountains began in Italy and with commissions in Brussels, London and Germany. “The Principles of Moving Forces”, a publication that became the fundamental text on hydraulic mechanics and engineering, was composed by him toward the end of his life in France. Classical antiquity hydraulic breakthroughs were elaborated as well as updates to essential classical antiquity hydraulic discoveries in the book. Notable among these works were those of Archimedes, the developer of the water screw, a mechanized way of moving water. Sunlight warming water in a couple of vessels unseen in a room adjacent to an beautiful water fountain was shown in one illustration. What occurs is the heated water expanded, rises and closes up the pipes leading to the water feature, thereby leading to activation. Garden ponds as well as pumps, water wheels, and water feature creations are included in the publication.

Ancient Greece: The Beginnings of Outdoor Statue Design

Ancient Greece: The Beginnings of Outdoor Statue Design Historically, most sculptors were paid by the temples to embellish the involved pillars and archways with renderings of the gods, however as the era came to a close it became more accepted for sculptors to portray regular people as well because many Greeks had begun to think of their institution as superstitious rather than sacred.Ancient Greece: Beginnings Outdoor Statue Design 88547062543850771209.jpg Portraiture became widespread as well, and would be embraced by the Romans when they defeated the Greeks, and sometimes wealthy families would order a representation of their progenitors to be positioned inside their huge familial tombs. A time of aesthetic development, the use of sculpture and alternate art forms morphed throughout the Greek Classical period, so it is inaccurate to say that the arts provided only one function. Greek sculpture was a cutting-edge component of antiquity, whether the explanation was religious fervor or aesthetic satisfaction, and its contemporary excellence might be what endears it to us today.

Pick from all Types of Exterior Water Features

Pick from all Types of Exterior Water Features Have you ever considered turning your garden into a haven of serenity? The comforting feeling created by outdoor fountains is just one of the benefits of including a water feature in your garden.

Sending a stream of water shooting into the air, spouting fountains create a striking impression. Large, existing ponds can have one of these built-in without much difficulty. You can find these in community recreational areas or old mansions.

Outdoor water features come in varied forms, one of which is a chic wall fountain. These types of fountains make great water features even if you only have a small garden. Wall fountains make a subtle impression, contrary to the big effect created by spouting fountains. It is simple undertaking wherein a small jet of water propels outwards in front of a beautifully textured wall and then flows down only to be pumped up again.

Themed fountains are perfect when the style of your yard allows for them. Consider a classic type of statue, such as a cherub supporting a spout, for the fountain if your home or garden is rustic in style.Pick Types Exterior Water Features 904345213.jpg On the other hand, a more modern yard can include more of a bold design. Feel free to let your hair down and go with something interesting and intrepid.

Tiered fountains are alluring because the water runs down multiple levels. Due to the water running down its various levels, these are also called cascading fountains.

Due to the fact that outdoor fountains can take up a lot of room, fit in a wall fountain or a pondless fountain if the space you have is limited. The reservoirs necessary for these kinds of water features are buried underground which helps you better use your limited space.

Install a Japanese fountain if you are looking for a feeling of peace. Bamboo sticks serve as the piping from which water flows in these kinds of water features. A rustic bucket or shaped stone is placed at the bottom of this feature to collect the flowing water only to have the pattern repeated over and over again.

Glass fountains make up a different category of fountain. A more traditional look is provided by trellis-style fountains which feature shaped metalwork. Water features of this type are a perfect alternative for gardens with many sharp edges as well as contemporary shapes and design. As the water flows over the surface of the glass it produces a dazzling impact. LED lighting fixtures are also used in some fountains to flash color across the water as it flows downward on the glass sheet. The jagged surface of rock waterfall fountain creates an appealing façade as the water softly trickles downwards.

The feature which distinguishes a bubbling rock fountain is a large rock drilled with holes where pipes can be inserted into its middle. The bubbling and gurgling at the uppermost part of this type of fountain are caused by the water being thrust upward at low pressure. Flowing towards the bottom of the fountain, the water comes back as a slow dribble down the sides of the rock. This is yet another solution for gardens with limited space. The low pressure used in this sort of fountain hinders water from being spattered about in case of a windy day.

Solar driven fountains have become more fashionable recently because they run on sunlight. There are numerous reasons for this newly found appeal such as the absence of cables, less difficulty in running them, a decrease in electricity bills, and the advantages to the environment. There is no need to settle on a specific model of outdoor solar-powered fountain because of the wide variety of styles found on the market.

The Influence of the Norman Conquest on Anglo Saxon Landscaping

The Influence of the Norman Conquest on Anglo Saxon Landscaping The Anglo-Saxon way of life was considerably changed by the arrival of the Normans in the later eleventh century. The Normans were much better than the Anglo-Saxons at architecture and horticulture when they came into power. But before focusing on home-life or having the occasion to think about domestic architecture or decoration, the Normans had to subjugate an entire society. Castles were more fundamental designs and often constructed on blustery hills, where their people spent both time and space to exercising offense and defense, while monasteries were major stone buildings, commonly situated in the widest, most fruitful hollows. The serene method of gardening was impractical in these dismal bastions.Influence Norman Conquest Anglo Saxon Landscaping 777579572351220.jpg Berkeley Castle is perhaps the most unchanged model in existence at present of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture. The keep is reported to have been conceived during the time of William the Conqueror. As a method of deterring attackers from tunneling within the walls, an immense terrace surrounds the building. A scenic bowling green, covered in grass and enclosed by battlements cut out of an ancient yew hedge, makes one of the terraces.

Acqua Vergine: The Remedy to Rome's Water Troubles

Acqua Vergine: The Remedy to Rome's Water Troubles With the manufacturing of the first raised aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, folks who lived on the city’s foothills no longer had to rely exclusively on naturally-occurring spring water for their demands. When aqueducts or springs weren’t available, people living at higher elevations turned to water pulled from underground or rainwater, which was made possible by wells and cisterns. In the early 16th century, the city began to utilize the water that ran below the ground through Acqua Vergine to deliver water to Pincian Hill.Acqua Vergine: Remedy Rome's Water Troubles 085745612.jpg As originally constructed, the aqueduct was provided along the length of its channel with pozzi (manholes) constructed at regular intervals. The manholes made it easier to clean the channel, but it was also possible to use buckets to extract water from the aqueduct, as we saw with Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi when he owned the property from 1543 to 1552, the year he died. He didn’t get enough water from the cistern that he had manufactured on his residential property to collect rainwater. Thankfully, the aqueduct sat just below his property, and he had a shaft established to give him access.

Can Wall fountains Help Cleanse The Air?

Can Wall fountains Help Cleanse The Air? If what you are after is to breathe life into an otherwise dull ambiance, an indoor wall fountain can be the answer. Setting up this type of indoor feature positively affects your senses and your general well-being. Scientific research supports the hypothesis that water fountains are good for you.Can Wall fountains Help Cleanse Air? 23076125.jpg The negative ions released by water features are countered by the positive ions released by present-day conveniences. Indisputable favorable changes in mental and physical health occur when negative ions overpower positive ions. The higher serotonin levels arising from these types of features make people more attentive, serene and energized. An improved state of mind as well as a removal of air impurities stems from the negative ions released by indoor wall fountains They also help to reduce allergies, contaminants as well as other types of irritants. And lastly, dust contaminants and microbes in the air are eliminated and lead to improved health.

Modern Wall Water Features

Modern Wall Water FeaturesModern Wall Water Features 67487907893824885.jpg Leave a positive impression on your loved ones by incorporating a wall fountain in your home decor. Having a wall water feature in your daily life not only stimulates the eyes with its splendor but also your ears with the gentle background sounds it creates. People will walk away with a memorable impression of the appealing sights and comforting sounds coming from it.

A living area with a modern-day design can also benefit from a wall fountain. Also available in modern materials such as stainless steel or glass, they can add flair to your interior decor. Is the floor space in your house or office scarce? A wall water fountain might be the ideal option for you. Since they are installed on a wall, these features do not take up valuable room. You may notice that many busy office lobbies have fountains. You can also mount wall fountains on the outside. Fiberglass or resin wall water features can be used outside. Use water fountains made of these weather-proof materials to liven up your back yard, deck, or other outdoor space.

There is wide array of unique styles in wall fountains running from the contemporary to classic and rustic. The type most suitable for your living space depends solely on your personal decoration ideas. A mountain lodge might require a classic material such as slate whereas a high rise apartment might need sleek glass to enliven the interior space. The material you get depends solely on your decor ideas. Fountains are features which no doubt delight people who visit your home.

Installation of a Water Fountain In Smaller Backyards

Installation of a Water Fountain In Smaller BackyardsInstallation Water Fountain Smaller Backyards 60003019641262.jpg The reflective properties of water means it can make small spaces appear larger than they are. Increasing the reflective aspects of a fountain or water feature are possible by using dark materials. Night time is a great occasion to draw attention to the illuminated, colored underwater lights in your new water feature. Sunshine is required to power eco-lights during the day time while submerged lights are great for night use. Often utilized in natural therapies, they help to diminish anxiety and tension with their calming sounds.

Water just mixes into the greenery in your yard. People will be centered on the pond, artificial river or fountain in your garden. The flexibility of water features is that they can be installed in large backyards as well as in small verandas. The atmosphere can be significantly altered by placing it in the best place and using the proper accessories.

Brief Outline of Herb Gardening

Brief Outline of Herb Gardening Countless gardeners are pulled to herbs because they can make use of them in so many varied recipes. You'll get instant gratification when you grow herbs in the garden as they can be used in cooking sauces, soups, marinades and a variety of other recipes.Brief Outline Herb Gardening 3914880185679157143.jpg While you may presume you have to get out and prune daily with an herb garden this is not accurate, but even better you can keep it going all 12 months long by moving your pots indoors in the fall. It is often sensible to allow perennial herbs to comprise the bulk of your garden, as these will not die and require replanting at the end of the year. In addition, the types of herbs you prefer to cook with should affect your personal herb choices. Basil, oregano, and thyme are great herbs to plant if you take pleasure in cooking and eating Italian food. If you prefer Latin themed food, you may choose to plant cilantro instead. Where you put your herb garden will define which herbs can grow there. It will be simplest to plant right into the ground if your climate is on the more gentle side, with seasons that are not harsh. This is a fantastic way to spruce up your yard without having the problem of investing in or creating planters. If you do not want to your plants to perish or become dormant after becoming exposed to intense weather conditions, you can still rely on planters. They are handy and flexible and you can transfer indoors at any time.

Builders of the First Water Fountains

Builders First Water Fountains 3615363094004158.jpg Builders of the First Water Fountains Frequently serving as architects, sculptors, designers, engineers and cultivated scholars, all in one, fountain designers were multi-faceted people from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century. Leonardo da Vinci, a Renaissance artist, was celebrated as a creative genius, inventor and scientific expert. The forces of nature inspired him to examine the properties and movement of water, and due to his fascination, he methodically recorded his ideas in his now celebrated notebooks. Early Italian water feature engineers converted private villa configurations into amazing water displays full with symbolic meaning and natural beauty by coupling creativity with hydraulic and horticultural experience. The humanist Pirro Ligorio supplied the vision behind the splendors in Tivoli and was renowned for his skill in archeology, architecture and garden design. Masterminding the phenomenal water marbles, water attributes and water jokes for the numerous properties near Florence, some other water feature designers were well versed in humanistic subjects as well as ancient technical texts.

Outdoor Fountains: The Minoan Civilization

Outdoor Fountains: The Minoan Civilization On the Greek island of Crete, digs have discovered channels of several sorts. In conjunction with offering water, they spread out water that gathered from storms or waste material. They were typically constructed from clay or stone. When prepared from terracotta, they were generally in the format of canals and circular or rectangle-shaped pipes. These included cone-like and U-shaped clay pipes which were distinctive to the Minoans. Clay conduits were employed to circulate water at Knossos Palace, running up to three meters directly below the floor surfaces. The terracotta water pipes were also made use of for gathering and storing water.Outdoor Fountains: Minoan Civilization 79682454.jpg To make this feasible, the pipelines had to be designed to handle: Subterranean Water Transportation: It’s not really understood why the Minoans needed to transfer water without it being seen. Quality Water Transportation: There is also evidence which suggests the pipelines being utilized to provide for water features separately of the domestic process.

The Magificent Early Wonders by Bernini

The Magificent Early Wonders by Bernini One can see Bernini's earliest masterpiece, the Barcaccia water fountain, at the base of the Trinita dei Monti in Piaza di Spagna. To this day, you will see Roman locals and vacation goers occupying this spot to revel in chit chatter and being among other people. The streets surrounding his water fountain have come to be one of the city’s most trendy meeting places, something which would certainly have pleased Bernini himself. Dating back to around 1630, Pope Urbano VIII commissioned what was to be the very first water fountain of the artist's career. The fountain’s central theme is based on a massive boat slowly sinking into the Mediterranean.Magificent Early Wonders Bernini 4528909023612902.jpg Period writings dating back to the 16th century show that the fountain was built as a monument to those who lost their lives in the great flooding of the Tevere. In 1665 Bernini traveled to France, in what was to be his sole extended absence from Italy.
Interior Wall Water Features Can Benefit You Clinics and health care facilities have been using interior fountains to create tranquil, stress-free environments for many years now.A contemplative state can be induced in people who hear the gentle sounds of trickling water.... read more


Exterior Wall Fountains: The Many Designs Available If you want to have a place to relax and add some flair to a small area such as a patio or courtyard, wall fountains are ideal because they do not occupy much space.... read more


Where did Large Garden Fountains Originate from? A water fountain is an architectural piece that pours water into a basin or jets it high into the air in order to provide drinking water, as well as for decorative purposes.... read more


The Rewards of Interior Wall Water Features Clinics and health care facilities have been using indoor fountains to create tranquil, stress-free environments for many years now.The calming effect of flowing water can be conducive to a contemplative state.... read more