Rome’s First Water Transport Systems

Rome’s First Water Transport SystemsRome’s First Water Transport Systems 9373011632.jpg Rome’s 1st elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in 273 BC; prior to that, citizens living at higher elevations had to depend on local springs for their water. If residents residing at higher elevations did not have accessibility to springs or the aqueduct, they’d have to be dependent on the remaining existing solutions of the time, cisterns that gathered rainwater from the sky and subterranean wells that drew the water from under ground. Starting in the sixteenth century, a new system was introduced, using Acqua Vergine’s subterranean portions to deliver water to Pincian Hill. As originally constructed, the aqueduct was provided along the length of its channel with pozzi (manholes) constructed at regular intervals. Although they were primarily manufactured to make it possible to support the aqueduct, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi began using the manholes to collect water from the channel, starting when he acquired the property in 1543. It seems that, the rainwater cistern on his property wasn’t good enough to meet his needs. Through an opening to the aqueduct that flowed under his property, he was set to suit his water wants.

Where did Large Outdoor Fountains Come From?

Where did Large Outdoor Fountains Come From? The incredible architecture of a fountain allows it to provide clean water or shoot water high into air for dramatic effect and it can also serve as an excellent design feature to complement your home.

From the beginning, outdoor fountains were soley there to serve as functional elements. Inhabitants of cities, townships and small towns utilized them as a source of drinking water and a place to wash, which meant that fountains had to be linked to nearby aqueduct or spring. Used until the nineteenth century, in order for fountains to flow or shoot up into the air, their source of water such as reservoirs or aqueducts, had to be higher than the water fountain in order to benefit from the power of gravity. Serving as an element of decoration and celebration, fountains also generated clean, fresh drinking water. Roman fountains often depicted images of animals or heroes made of metal or stone masks. Muslims and Moorish garden designers of the Middle Ages included fountains to re-create smaller versions of the gardens of paradise. King Louis XIV of France wanted to demonstrate his superiority over nature by including fountains in the Gardens of Versailles. To mark the entryway of the restored Roman aqueducts, the Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries commissioned the construction of baroque style fountains in the spot where the aqueducts arrived in the city of Rome

Since indoor plumbing became the standard of the day for fresh, drinking water, by the end of the 19th century urban fountains were no longer needed for this purpose and they became purely ornamental. Amazing water effects and recycled water were made possible by switching the power of gravity with mechanical pumps.

Contemporary fountains are used to adorn community spaces, honor individuals or events, and enhance recreational and entertainment events.

Architectural Statues in Historic Greece

Architectural Statues in Historic Greece Traditionally, the vast majority of sculptors were paid by the temples to adorn the involved columns and archways with renderings of the gods, however as the era came to a close it grew to be more accepted for sculptors to portray regular people as well simply because many Greeks had begun to think of their institution as superstitious rather than sacred. Rich families would often times commission a rendition of their ancestors for their big family burial tombs; portraiture also became common and would be appropriated by the Romans upon their acquisition of Greek society. It is amiss to state that the arts had one aim during The Classical Greek period, a time of innovative accomplishment during which the use of sculpture and alternative art forms evolved. It could be the advanced quality of Greek sculpture that grabs our eye these days; it was on a leading-edge practice of the classic world whether it was established for religious purposes or aesthetic pleasure.

Keep Your Outdoor Wall Fountain Tidy

Keep Your Outdoor Wall Fountain Tidy Water fountains will keep working a long time with scheduled cleaning and maintenance.Keep Outdoor Wall Fountain Tidy 284039267.jpg It is important to clean it out and take out any debris or foreign objects that might have dropped into or onto it. Also, algae tends to build up wherever natural light meets water. Either sea salt, hydrogen peroxide, or vinegar can be mixed into the water to avoid this problem. Another option is to stir bleach into the water, but this action can harm wild animals and so should really be avoided.

Every 3-4 months, garden fountains should have a serious cleaning. The initial step is to get rid of all of the water. Then use a soft towel and mild cleanser to scrub the inside. If there is intricate artwork, you might need to use a toothbrush for those hard-to-reach areas. Do not leave any soap deposit inside of or on the fountain.

It is highly advised taking the pump apart to better clean the inside and get rid of any plankton or calcium. To make it less strenuous, soak it in vinegar for a while before cleaning. If you want to eliminate build-up in your fountain, use rain water or mineral water versus tap water, as these don’t contain any ingredients that will stick to the inside of the pump.

One final trick for keeping your fountain in top working order is to check the water level every day and make sure it is full. Low water levels can damage the pump - and you do not want that!

What Are Large Outdoor Fountains Manufactured From?

What Are Large Outdoor Fountains Manufactured From? Most modern garden fountains come in metal, although many other types exist.Large Outdoor Fountains  Manufactured From? 22264872155151854.jpg Metallic ones offer clean lines and unique sculptural accents and will fit in with nearly any decorative style and budget. If you have a modern-day look and feel to your interior design, your yard and garden should mirror that same look.

A popular choice today is copper, and it is used in the making of many sculptural garden fountains. Copper fountains are the best option because they are perfect for the inside and outside. Copper is also flexible enough that you can select a range of styles for your fountain, from contemporary to whimsical.

If your style is more old-fashioned, a brass water fountain might work for you. Brass fountains are frequently designed with interesting artwork, so they are popular even if they are a bit conventional.

The most stylish metal right now is probably stainless steel. For an immediate increase in the value and serenity of your garden, get one of the contemporary steel designs. Like all water fountains, you can buy them in just about any size you prefer.

Because it is both lighter and more affordable than metal but has a nearly identical look, fiberglass is quite common for fountains. The cleaning of fiberglass water fountains is quite simple, so they have many merits that people appreciate.

Anglo Saxon Gardens at the Time of the Norman Conquest

Anglo Saxon Gardens at the Time of the Norman Conquest Anglo-Saxons experienced great changes to their day-to-day lives in the latter half of the eleventh century due to the accession of the Normans. The ability of the Normans surpassed the Anglo-Saxons' in design and farming at the time of the conquest. But there was no time for home life, domestic architecture, and adornment until the Normans had overcome the whole realm. Because of this, castles were cruder buildings than monasteries: Monasteries were often important stone buildings located in the biggest and most fecund valleys, while castles were constructed on windy crests where their residents dedicated time and space to projects for offense and defense. Relaxing pursuits such as gardening were out of place in these desolate citadels. Berkeley Castle, perhaps the most pristine model of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture, still exists now. The keep is said to date from the time of William the Conqueror. As a technique of deterring assailants from tunneling under the walls, an immense terrace encircles the building. On one of these parapets is a picturesque bowling green covered in grass and enclosed by an aged hedge of yew that has been designed into coarse battlements.

Installing a Fountain In Smaller Gardens

Installing a Fountain In Smaller Gardens The reflective properties of water means it can make smaller spaces look bigger than they are. Dark materials increase the reflective properties of a fountain or water feature. Use underwater lights, which come in many different designs and colors, to flaunt your new feature at night. Solar powered eco-lights are excellent during the day and underwater lights are perfect for nighttime use. Relieving stress and anxiety with their calming sounds are some of the uses in nature medicine.

The greenery in your garden is the perfect place to situate your water feature. Ponds, man-made rivers, or fountains are just some of the ways you can you can make it become the focal feature on your property. Examples of areas where you can install a water feature include large lawns or small patios. Considerably transforming the ambience is possible by locating it in the most suitable place and include the finest accompaniments.

A Wall Water Feature to Suit Your Decor

A Wall Water Feature to Suit Your Decor Placing a wall fountain in your yard or patio is ideal when you want to relax. You can have one made to fit your specifications even if you have a small amount of space. The necessary components include a spout, a water basin, internal tubing, and a pump regardless of whether it is freestanding or secured. Traditional, modern, antique, and Asian are just some of the styles from which you can consider.

With its basin laid on the ground, freestanding wall fountains, or floor fountains, are normally quite large in size.

It is possible to integrate a wall-mounted fountain onto an already existing wall or built into a new wall. The appearance of your landscape will seem more unified instead of disjointed when you install this kind of water feature.

The Subtle Appeal of the Water Wall Fountain

Subtle Appeal Water Wall Fountain 51413640732007.jpg The Subtle Appeal of the Water Wall Fountain Your loved ones and friends will appreciate the beauty a wall fountain brings to your decor. Having a wall water feature in your daily life not only stimulates the eyes with its loveliness but also your ears with the gentle background sounds it produces. People will walk away with a memorable impression of the appealing sights and comforting sounds coming from it.

A living area with a contemporary theme can also benefit from a wall fountain. If you want to accentuate your modern-day decor, look into adding one made of stainless steel or glass. Does your home or office have a small amount of space? A wall water fountain is probably the best choice for you. Since they are hung on a wall you can save your invaluable real estate for something else. Commercial buildings with busy lobbies commonly have one of these fountains. You can also mount wall fountains on the outside. Fiberglass and resin are great materials to use for outdoor wall water features. Back yards, terraces, or other outdoor spaces needing a stylish touch should include a water fountain made of one of these waterproof materials.

Wall fountains come in a variety of diverse styles covering the modern to the traditional and rustic. You can choose the best style based upon your personal style. A mountain lodge might require a traditional material such as slate whereas a high rise apartment might require sleek glass to liven up the interior space. You can choose the material most suitable to your needs. Fountains are features which most certainly delight folks who visit your home.

Outdoor Elegance: Wall fountains

Outdoor Elegance: Wall fountains Since garden water fountains are no longer hooked on a nearby pond, it is possible to place them close to a wall. Due to the various options available, it no longer necessary to contend with excavations, complcated installations or cleaning the pond. Due to the fact that this feature is self-contained, no plumbing work is needed. Adding water on a consistent} basis is necessary, however. Empty the water from the basin and place fresh water in its place when you see that the area is grimy.

Garden wall fountains come in many different materials, but they are normally made of stone and metal. The style you are looking for dictates which material is best suited to meet your wishes. Outdoor wall fountains come in many forms and sizes, therefore ensure that the style you choose to purchase is hand-crafted, easy to hang and lightweight. In addition, be certain to purchase a fountain which requires little upkeep. In general, most installations are straight forward because the only parts which may require scrutiny are the re-circulating pump and the hanging hardware whereas other kinds of setups can be a bit more difficult. It is very easy to liven up your yard with these styles of fountains.

The Beginnings of Contemporary Wall Fountains

The Beginnings of Contemporary Wall Fountains Pope Nicholas V, himself a well educated man, reigned the Roman Catholic Church from 1397 to 1455 during which time he commissioned many translations of old classic Greek texts into Latin. In order to make Rome deserving of being the capital of the Christian world, the Pope resolved to embellish the beauty of the city.Beginnings Contemporary Wall Fountains 438602540226.jpg Starting in 1453, the ruined ancient Roman aqueduct known as the Aqua Vergine which had brought clean drinking water into the city from eight miles away, underwent repair at the behest of the Pope. A mostra, a monumental commemorative fountain built by ancient Romans to mark the point of arrival of an aqueduct, was a tradition which was revived by Nicholas V. The Trevi Fountain now occupies the area previously filled with a wall fountain built by Leon Battista Albert, an architect commissioned by the Pope. The aqueduct he had refurbished included modifications and extensions which eventually enabled it to supply water to the Trevi Fountain as well as the renowned baroque fountains in the Piazza del Popolo and the Piazza Navona.

Bernini's Earliest Showpieces

Bernini's Earliest Showpieces The Barcaccia, Bernini's very first fountain, is a striking chef d'oeuvre built at the foot of the Trinita dei Monti in Piaza di Spagna. To this day, you will see Roman residents and vacation goers occupying this area to revel in chit chatter and being among other people. The streets surrounding his water fountain have come to be one of the city’s most stylish gathering places, something which would certainly have pleased Bernini himself.Bernini's Earliest Showpieces 3252386339371188431.jpg In around 1630, Pope Urbano VIII helped Bernini launch his career with the construction of his very first water fountain. A large vessel slowly sinking into the Mediterranean is the fountain's main theme. The great flooding of the Tevere that covered the whole region with water in the 16th was commemorated by this momentous fountain as recorded by documents dating back to this period. In 1665, France was graced by Bernini's only prolonged trip outside of Italy.

The Benefits of Having an Indoor Wall Water Element in your Home or Office

The Benefits of Having an Indoor Wall Water Element in your Home or Office One way to accentuate your home with a modern style is by putting in an indoor wall fountain to your living area. Installing this kind of fountain in your home or office enables you to create an area for your loved ones and clientele where there is little noise as well as minimal stress and maximum relaxation.Benefits Indoor Wall Water Element Home Office 91277757.jpg Moreover, this type of indoor wall water feature will most certainly gain the admiration of your staff as well as your clientele. In order to get a positive response from your loudest critic and impress all those around, install an interior water feature to get the job done.

A wall fountain is a great addition to any home because it offers a peaceful spot where you sit and watch a favorite show after working all day. Indoor fountains produce harmonious sounds which are thought to emit negative ions, eliminate dust as well as allergens, all while creating a comforting and relaxing setting.

Brief Outline of Herb Gardens

Brief Outline of Herb Gardens Countless gardeners are enticed to natural herbs because they can utilize them in so many different dishes. They are effortless to grow inside the house or out, and provide immediate gratification when used in marinades, various recipes, sauces and soups. An herb garden is easy to maintain with minimum daily care, and planter gardens and potted herbs can be easily moved inside once autumn frosts begin, making it possible to maintain an herb garden all year long. If you are thinking of adding perennial herbs to your backyard, you are making a good choice because they do not die easily or need replanting after every year passes. In addition, the kinds of herbs you prefer to cook with should affect your personal herb choices.Brief Outline Herb Gardens 302228526.jpg It is important to plant herbs that you will use. If you love to cook Latin food, you will definitely use cilantro. If you like Italian food, you should choose to plant basil, oregano, and thyme. Where you put your herb garden will determine which herbs can grow there. It will be simplest to plant straight into the ground if your environment is on the more gentle side, with seasons that are not harsh. It is simultaneously an attractive way to landscape your yard and an easy alternative because you do not need to build or buy planters. Are you concerned that your location has terrible climate that might cause your plants to die or become dormant? Try out planters because with their flexibility and usefulness allows you to move the herbs in the house at any time.

The Many Good Reasons to Add a Water Feature

The Many Good Reasons to Add a Water FeatureMany Good Reasons Add Water Feature 5423438717632970336.jpg A good way to enhance the look of your outdoor living area is to add a wall water feature or an exterior garden fountain to your landscaping or garden layout. Historical fountains and water features have stirred the notice of contemporary designers as well as fountain manufacturers. As such, introducing one of these to your home design is a great way to connect it to the past. Among the many properties of these beautiful garden water features is the water and moisture they release into the air which attracts birds and other wild life as well as helps to balance the ecosystem. For example, irritating flying insects are usually discouraged by the birds drawn to the fountain or birdbath.

Spouting or cascading fountains are not the best choice for a small yard since they require a great deal of space. Two possibilities to pick from include either a freestanding type with an even back set against a fence or wall in your garden, or a wall-mounted, self-contained type which is suspended on a wall. Both a fountain mask located on the existing wall as well as a basin located at the bottom to collect the water are necessary if you wish to add a fountain. Since the plumbing and masonry work is extensive to complete this type of job, you should hire a professional to do it rather than try to do it alone.

Find Serenity with Outdoor Fountains Simply having water in your garden can have a considerable effect on your health.The loud noises in your neighborhood can be masked by the soft sounds of a fountain.... read more


Fountains: The Minoan Culture On the Greek island of Crete, digs have unearthed channels of multiple kinds.In conjunction with delivering water, they spread out water that amassed from storms or waste.... read more


Indoor Wall Water Elements are Great for House or Workplace Add an ornamental and modern twist to your home by adding an indoor wall fountain.You can create a noise-free, stress-free and comforting ambiance for your family, friends and customers by installing this type of fountain.... read more


Attributes of Garden Statues in Archaic Greece The primitive Greeks developed the very first freestanding statuary, an awesome achievement as most sculptures up until then had been reliefs cut into walls and pillars.... read more