Rome’s First Water Transport Systems

Rome’s First Water Transport Systems Aqua Anio Vetus, the first raised aqueduct founded in Rome, started out delivering the individuals living in the hills with water in 273 BC, though they had counted on natural springs up until then. If citizens living at higher elevations did not have access to springs or the aqueduct, they’d have to depend on the remaining existing solutions of the time, cisterns that collected rainwater from the sky and subterranean wells that received the water from under ground. In the very early 16th century, the city began to use the water that ran beneath the earth through Acqua Vergine to provide water to Pincian Hill. The aqueduct’s channel was made attainable by pozzi, or manholes, that were placed along its length when it was first designed. Although they were originally planned to make it possible to support the aqueduct, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi began using the manholes to collect water from the channel, commencing when he obtained the property in 1543. He didn’t get a sufficient quantity of water from the cistern that he had built on his property to obtain rainwater. Via an orifice to the aqueduct that flowed under his property, he was able to reach his water demands.

The Origins of Contemporary Wall Fountains

The Origins of Contemporary Wall Fountains Pope Nicholas V, himself a well educated man, ruled the Roman Catholic Church from 1397 to 1455 during which time he commissioned many translations of ancient classical Greek texts into Latin. Embellishing Rome and making it the worthy capital of the Christian world was at the center of his ambitions.Origins Contemporary Wall Fountains 745783782987577931.jpg At the behest of the Pope, the Aqua Vergine, a damaged aqueduct which had carried clean drinking water into Rome from eight miles away, was restored starting in 1453. Building a mostra, an imposing celebratory fountain built by ancient Romans to memorialize the entry point of an aqueduct, was a tradition revived by Nicholas V. The Trevi Fountain now occupies the area formerly filled with a wall fountain crafted by Leon Battista Albert, an architect employed by the Pope. The Trevi Fountain as well as the renowned baroque fountains found in the Piazza del Popolo and the Piazza Navona were eventually supplied with water from the modified aqueduct he had reconstructed.

A Concise History of Early Public Water Features

A Concise History of Early Public Water Features Water fountains were initially practical in function, used to convey water from canals or springs to cities and villages, providing the residents with clean water to drink, bathe, and cook with. In the years before electrical power, the spray of fountains was powered by gravity only, commonly using an aqueduct or water supply located far away in the nearby mountains. Striking and spectacular, big water fountains have been designed as memorials in most civilizations. If you saw the earliest fountains, you wouldn't recognize them as fountains. Crafted for drinking water and ceremonial functions, the 1st fountains were simple carved stone basins. Pure stone basins as fountains have been discovered from 2000 B.C.. The force of gravity was the energy source that operated the initial water fountains. The placement of the fountains was driven by the water source, which is why you’ll normally find them along reservoirs, waterways, or streams. Fountains with ornate decoration started to appear in Rome in approximately 6 B.C., usually gods and creatures, made with natural stone or copper-base alloy.Concise History Early Public Water Features 16825911326335277606.jpg The remarkable aqueducts of Rome supplied water to the incredible public fountains, most of which you can travel to today.

Attractive Wall Elements

Attractive Wall Elements Your family and friends will appreciate the beauty a wall fountain brings to your decor. In addition to the soothing background sounds a wall water feature contributes to any living space, it also imparts elegance. In order to leave a lasting memory on your visitors, share the beauty and delicate sounds of your water feature with them.

A living area with a modern-day theme can also benefit from a wall fountain. They can also add a touch of elegance to your decor since they are also available in modern-day materials including glass and stainless steel. Does your home or business have a limited amount of space? The best option for you is a wall water fountain.Attractive Wall Elements 538519515230763622.jpg They take up no room since they are placed on a wall. These types of fountains are particularly prevalent in bustling office buildings. You can also mount wall fountains outdoors. Fiberglass or resin wall water features can be placed outdoors. Use water fountains made of these weather-proof materials to liven up your courtyard, deck, or other outdoor space.

Wall fountains can be manufactured in a multitude of different styles ranging from contemporary to classic and provincial. Your design ideas determine the most appropriate kind for your needs. A mountain lodge might require a classic material such as slate whereas a high rise apartment might need sleek glass to enliven the interior space. You can pick the material most suitable to your needs. There is no doubting the fact that fountains are features which enchant visitors and add to your quality of life.

Outdoor Elegance: Landscape Fountains

Outdoor Elegance: Landscape Fountains Since garden water fountains are no longer hooked on a nearby pond, it is possible to place them close to a wall. Due to the myriad options available, it no longer necessary to contend with excavations, complcated installations or cleaning the pond. There is no plumbing necessary with this type self-sufficient water feature. Adding water on a frequent} basis is necessary, however.Outdoor Elegance: Landscape Fountains 152790241423.jpg Drain the water from the basin and put in clean water whenever the surrounding area is not clean.

The most utilized materials employed to manufacture garden wall fountains are stone and metal, despite the fact that they can be made out of many other materials. The style you are looking for determines which material is best suited to meet your needs. The best designs for your outdoor wall fountain are those which are handmade, simple to put up and not too heavy to hang. Ensure that your water feature is manageable as far as upkeep is concerned. While there may be some cases in which the setup needs a bit more care, generally the majority require a minimal amount of effort to install since the only two parts which demand scrutiny are the re-circulating pump and the hanging hardware. You can relax knowing your garden can be easily enlivened by installing this kind of fountain.

The Benefits of Solar Powered Outdoor Fountains

The Benefits of Solar Powered Outdoor Fountains Your garden wall fountain can be run by numerous power sources.Benefits Solar Powered  Outdoor Fountains 4096594033161650621.jpg While electrical power has been used up to now to power them, there has been renewed interest in eco-friendly solar powered versions. Even though initial costs may be higher, solar powered water fountains are the most cost-effective going forward. The most frequent materials used to make solar run water features are terra cotta, copper, porcelain, or bronze. This wide array of options makes it easier to purchase one which fits your interior design. If you are thinking about a fountain to complete your garden refuge, know that they are easy to manage and a great way to contribute to a clean eco-system.

Indoor wall fountains are a superb option to cool your home as well as to provide an enticing addition to your living area. Applying the same methods used in air conditioners and swamp coolers, they are a great alternative to cool off your home. You can lower your power bill since they use less electricity.

Fanning crisp, dry air across them is the most frequent method used to benefit from their cooling effect. Using the ceiling fan or air from a corner of the room can help to enhance circulation. It is very important that the top of the water have air continually blowing across it. Cool, clean air is one of the natural benefits of fountains and waterfalls. Merely standing in the vicinity of a large public fountain or waterfall will send a sudden chill through whoever is nearby. Be sure to situate your fountain cooling system where it will not be exposed to extra heat. Direct sunlight, for example, diminishes the ability of your fountain to generate cool air.

The Benefits of Including an Interior Wall Water Fountain

The Benefits of Including an Interior Wall Water Fountain One way to embellish your home with a modern style is by putting in an indoor wall fountain to your living area. Installing this kind of fountain in your residence or office permits you to create an area for your loved ones and clients where there is little noise as well as minimal stress and maximum relaxation. Moreover, this sort of interior wall water feature will most likely gain the admiration of your workforce as well as your clientele. All those who come close to your indoor water feature will be amazed and even your most difficult detractor will be dazzled.

Your wall feature ensures you a relaxing evening after a long day’s work and help create a quiet spot where can enjoy watching your favorite sporting event. All those near an indoor fountain will benefit from it because its sounds emit negative ions, remove dust and allergens from the air, and also lend to a soothing environment.

A Small Garden Area? You Can Own a Water Feature too!

A Small Garden Area? You Can Own a Water Feature too!Small Garden Area? Can Water Feature too! 986953239037.jpg Since water causes a reflection, smaller spaces will appear bigger. Augmenting the reflective attributes of a fountain or water feature are possible by using dark materials. Use underwater lights, which come in many different designs and colors, to flaunt your new feature at night. Solar powered eco-lights are great during the day and underwater lights are perfect for nighttime use. Relieving stress and anxiety with their calming sounds are some of the applications in nature medicine.

Your backyard vegetation is a fantastic area to blend in your water feature. Turn your water feature such as a pond, artificial river, or fountain to turn the core piece of your backyard. Water features make great add ons to both large gardens or little patios. The ambience can be significantly modified by placing it in the best place and using the proper accessories.

Interior Wall Water Fountains Can Help You

Interior Wall Water Fountains Can Help You Indoor fountains have been used for many years as valuable elements to create calming, stress free environments for patients in clinics and wellness programs. People are fascinated by the soothing sounds of gently moving water which can produce a state of internal reflection.

The sounds produced by interior water features are also thought to bolster the rate of rehabilitation. They are believed to be a positive part of dealing with a variety of illnesses according to many medical professionals and mental health providers. Those with PTSD or sleeping disorders, as well as other medical conditions, are thought to recover better with the comforting, delicate sounds of flowing water.

A number of reviews show that having an indoor wall water feature can help you attain a better sense of calm and overall safety. The presence of water in our surroundings is essential to the continuation of our species and our planet.

The life-altering power of water has long been considered as one of two essential elements used in the art of feng-shui. Harmonizing our inner environment so that it promotes relaxation and peace is one of the main precepts in feng-shui.Interior Wall Water Fountains Can Help 04927834.jpg Our homes must contain some sort of water element. The best place to set up a fountain is close to your home’s entranceway or in front of it.

Any one of a number of options in water walls, such as a wall mounted waterfall, a freestanding feature or a customized fountain, will undoubtedly provide you and your family many benefits. A number of reports claim that a fountain positioned in a central living area makes people more cheerful, contented, and relaxed than those who do not have a fountain in the house.

Keep Your Wall fountain Tidy

Keep Your Wall fountain Tidy Adequate care and regular cleaning are important to the longevity of water fountains. A common problem with fountains is that they tend to accumulate dirt and debris, so it is essential that you keep it free from this. Also, algae is likely to build up anywhere natural light meets water. To prevent this, take vinegar, hydrogen peroxide, or sea salt and add straight into the water. Another option is to mix bleach into the water, but this action can harm wild animals and so should really be avoided.

No more than three-four months should really go by without an extensive cleaning of a fountain. First you must drain the water.Keep Wall fountain Tidy 2370076736183884.jpg Then use gentle and a soft sponge to clean the innner part of the reservoir. If there is detailed artwork, you might need to use a toothbrush for those hard-to-reach areas. Any soap residue that remains on your fountain can harm it, so be sure it is all rinsed off.

Calcium and fresh water organisms could get inside the pump, so you should disassemble it to get it truly clean. To make it less difficult, soak it in vinegar for several hours before cleaning. Neither rain water nor mineral water contain ingredients that will collect inside the pump, so use either over tap water if possible.

One final recommendation for keeping your fountain in top working shape is to check the water level every day and make sure it is full. Low water levels can damage the pump - and you do not want that!

The Multiple Styles of Wall Water Fountains

Multiple Styles Wall Water Fountains 06090618.jpg The Multiple Styles of Wall Water Fountains A small patio or a courtyard is a great spot to situate your wall fountain when you seek peace and quiet. You can also make the most of a small space by having one customized. Both the stand alone and fitted types must have a spout, a water basin, internal tubing, and a pump. Traditional, modern, classic, and Asian are just some of the styles from which you can consider.

Stand-alone wall fountains, commonly known as floor fountains, are noticeably big and feature a basin on the ground.

On the other hand, a water feature affixed to a wall can be incorporated onto an existing wall or built into a new wall. A unified look can be achieved with this type of water feature because it seems to become part of the scenery rather than an added element.

Can Outdoor Wall Fountains Help Cleanse The Air?

Can Outdoor Wall Fountains Help Cleanse The Air? If what you are after is to breathe life into an otherwise uninspiring ambiance, an indoor wall fountain can be the answer. Putting in this sort of indoor feature positively affects your senses and your general well-being. If you doubt the benefits of water fountains, just look at the research supporting this theory. The negative ions generated by water features are counterbalanced with the positive ions produced by modern-day conveniences.Can Outdoor Wall Fountains Help Cleanse Air? 4762068235186656947.jpg Undeniable positive improvements in mental and physical health emerge when negative ions overpower positive ions. The increased serotonin levels resulting from these types of features make people more aware, serene and energized. An improved mood as well as a elimination of air impurities stems from the negative ions released by indoor wall fountains They also help to eliminate allergies, pollutants as well as other types of irritants. Finally, these fountains absorb dust particles and micro-organisms in the air thereby influencing your general health for the better.

Ancient Greece: Cultural Sculpture

Ancient Greece: Cultural Sculpture A good number of sculptors were paid by the temples to accentuate the intricate columns and archways with renderings of the gods right up until the stage came to a close and countless Greeks started to think of their religion as superstitious rather than sacred, when it became more common for sculptors to portray ordinary men and women as well. Wealthy families would sometimes commission a rendition of their ancestors for their large familial burial tombs; portraiture also became common and would be appropriated by the Romans upon their acquisition of Greek society. It is wrong to state that the arts had one purpose throughout The Classical Greek period, a time of innovative advancement during which the use of sculpture and alternative art forms changed.Ancient Greece: Cultural Sculpture 977350920239584.jpg It may possibly be the modern quality of Greek sculpture that captivates our eye today; it was on a leading-edge practice of the classic world regardless of whether it was created for religious reasons or artistic pleasure.

Sculpture As a Staple of Vintage Art in Ancient Greece

Sculpture Staple Vintage Art Ancient Greece 29163685379883.jpg Sculpture As a Staple of Vintage Art in Ancient Greece Archaic Greeks were renowned for creating the first freestanding statuary; up until then, most carvings were formed out of walls and pillars as reliefs. Most of these freestanding sculptures were what is known as kouros figures, statues of young, attractive male or female (kore) Greeks. The kouroi were considered by the Greeks to typify beauty and were sculpted with one foot leading and an uncompromising firmness to their forward-facing poses; the male statues were always strapping, brawny, and naked. Around 650 BC, life-size forms of the kouroi began to be seen. Throughout the Archaic period, a great time of changes, the Greeks were developing new forms of government, expressions of art, and a deeper comprehension of people and cultures outside Greece. During this time and other periods of historic tumult, encounters often took place, including wars fought amongst city-states such as the Arcadian wars and the Spartan infiltration of Samos.

The Various Construction Materials of Outdoor Garden Fountains

The Various Construction Materials of Outdoor Garden Fountains Although they come in various materials, today’s garden fountains tend to be made of metal. Those made from metals have clean lines and attractive sculptural elements, and are versatile enough to fit any budget and decor. If you have a modern-day look and feel to your interior design, your yard and garden should reflect that same look.Various Construction Materials Outdoor Garden Fountains 12267868804334661.jpg

A prevalent choice today is copper, and it is used in the crafting of many sculptural garden fountains. Copper is appropriate for many fountain styles, including tabletop and cascade water fountains, and can be put either inside or outside - making it a great choice. Copper fountains also come in a huge array of styles - from fun and eccentric to modern and cutting-edge.

Also common, brass fountains typically have a more old-fashioned look to them versus their copper counterpart. You will see a lot of brass fountains, as their intriguing artwork makes them popular even if they are on the more traditional side.

The most contemporary metal right now is perhaps stainless steel. For an immediate increase in the value and peacefulness of your garden, get one of the contemporary steel designs. Like all water fountains, you can find them in just about any size you choose.

Fiberglass fountains are popular because they look similar to metal but are more affordable and much less cumbersome to move around. It is not complicated to clean and maintain a fiberglass water fountain, yet another reason they are trendy.

Decorative Garden Fountains And Their Use In Minoa

Decorative Garden Fountains And Their Use In Minoa On the Greek island of Crete, digs have unearthed channels of several sorts. These furnished water and removed it, including water from waste and deluges. The chief materials used were stone or clay. Whenever manufactured from clay, they were commonly in the format of canals and round or rectangle-shaped piping. These consisted of cone-like and U-shaped terracotta conduits which were unique to the Minoans. The water provision at Knossos Palace was maintained with a system of terracotta pipes that was located beneath the floor, at depths starting from a few centimeters to several meters. The terracotta conduits were also made use of for amassing and holding water. Therefore, these piping had to be ready to: Below ground Water Transportation: Originally this particular technique seems to have been designed not quite for comfort but rather to give water for specific people or rites without it being noticed.Decorative Garden Fountains Use Minoa 00778740259657279.jpg Quality Water Transportation: The conduits may also have been made use of to take water to fountains which were split from the city’s normal system.
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