Acqua Vergine: The Answer to Rome's Water Challenges

Acqua Vergine: Answer Rome's Water Challenges 188837379532.jpg Acqua Vergine: The Answer to Rome's Water Challenges With the development of the first elevated aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, people who lived on the city’s foothills no longer had to depend solely on naturally-occurring spring water for their demands. During this time period, there were only two other innovations capable of delivering water to high areas, subterranean wells and cisterns, which amassed rainwater. Starting in the sixteenth century, a new approach was introduced, using Acqua Vergine’s subterranean portions to generate water to Pincian Hill. As originally constructed, the aqueduct was provided along the length of its channel with pozzi (manholes) constructed at regular intervals. The manholes made it easier to maintain the channel, but it was also achievable to use buckets to pull water from the aqueduct, as we discovered with Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi when he owned the property from 1543 to 1552, the year he passed away. The cistern he had built to collect rainwater wasn’t adequate to meet his water specifications. Thankfully, the aqueduct sat under his property, and he had a shaft established to give him access.

The Dissemination of Outdoor Fountain Design Knowledge

The Dissemination of Outdoor Fountain Design KnowledgeDissemination Outdoor Fountain Design Knowledge 36080399469932837.jpg Spreading useful hydraulic information and water fountain design ideas throughout Europe was accomplished with the printed papers and illustrated books of the time. An unnamed French fountain designer came to be an internationally celebrated hydraulic innovator in the later part of the 1500's. By creating gardens and grottoes with incorporated and clever water features, he began his career in Italy by getting imperial commissions in Brussels, London and Germany. The text, “The Principles of Moving Forces,” authored near the end of his lifetime in France, turned into the definitive text on hydraulic mechanics and engineering. Classical antiquity hydraulic advancements were detailed as well as changes to essential classical antiquity hydraulic discoveries in the book. Prominent among these works were those of Archimedes, the creator of the water screw, a mechanical way of transferring water. Two concealed vessels warmed by the sun's rays in an space adjacent to the creative fountain were presented in an illustration. Activating the water feature is heated water that expands and rises to seal up the pipes. Pumps, water wheels, water attributes and garden pond concepts are mentioned in the book.

Short Outline of Herb Gardening

Short Outline of Herb Gardening Numerous gardeners are drawn to herbs because they can use them in so many different foods. They are extremely easy to grow both indoors or outdoors, and offer up instant gratification as you can incorporate them in a variety of recipes including soups, marinades and sauces. Maintaining your herb garden all year is straight forward to do as you can plant the herbs in pots and move them in when the climate starts to turn cold. Since perennial herbs don't die easily or need replanting every end of the year, they are a practical (and fun) addition to your garden.Short Outline Herb Gardening 8690585325481414254.jpg Give consideration to the varieties of flavors you prefer cooking with (and eating)when choosing herbs for your garden. Basil, oregano, and thyme are great herbs to plant if you like cooking and eating Italian food. If you prefer Latin themed food, you may choose to plant cilantro instead. The location of your herb garden will define what herbs can be planted and how long they will survive. If you live in a mild climate, with warm winters and relatively cool summers, it may be easiest to plant straight into the ground. It is simultaneously an attractive way to landscape your yard and an effortless alternative because you do not need to construct or buy planters. If you do not want to your plants to perish or become dormant after being exposed to intense weather conditions, you can always rely on planters. They are practical and convenient and you can transfer indoors at any time.

What Are Fountains Crafted From?

What Are Fountains Crafted From? While today’s garden fountains are made in a number of materials, the majority are crafted from metal. Metallic fountains, with their clean lines and sculptural accents, exist in in a variety of metals and can accommodate any style or budget. Your landscaping should complement the style of your residence.

A common choice today is copper, and it is used in the making of many sculptural garden fountains. Copper fountains are the best option because they are perfect for the inside and outside. Another benefit of copper fountains is they are versatile and come in a wide range of styles.

If you are drawn to more conventional -looking water fountains, brass is probably the best option for you. You will see a lot of brass fountains, as their intricate artwork makes them trendy even if they are on the more traditional side.

Perhaps the most contemporary of all metals is stainless steel. Adding a modern-looking steel design will immediately add value to your garden and enhance the overall atmosphere. As with all fountains, you can get any size you need.

Because it is both lighter and less expensive than metal but has a nearly identical look, fiberglass is quite common for fountains.Fountains  Crafted From? 7712978459024285597.jpg It is not complicated to clean and maintain a fiberglass water fountain, yet another reason they are common.

The Advantages of Indoor Wall Water Fountains

The Advantages of Indoor Wall Water Fountains Indoor fountains are a great addition in hospitals and wellness clinics because they lend a peaceful, tranquil essence to them. A meditative state can be brought about in people who hear the gentle music of trickling water.Advantages Indoor Wall Water Fountains 69368983079025189473.jpg

The sounds created by interior fountains are also thought to bolster the rate of recovery. Many physicians and mental health therapists think these are a useful addition in healing many ailments. People with PTSD or sleeping disorders, as well as other medical conditions, are thought to recuperate better with the soothing, delicate sounds of flowing water.

An interior wall water element is believed to produce an overall sense of wellness and security according to countless studies. As humans we are naturally drawn to the sight and sound of water, both of which add to our well-being and the preservation of our environment.

Feng-shui is an ancient philosophy which asserts that water is one of two basic elements in our lives which has the capacity to transform us. The main tenets of feng-shui state that we can achieve serenity and harmony by harmonizing the interior elements in our surroundings. Our homes need to include some sort of water element. Installing a fountain in front of your house or close to your entrance is ideal.

You and your loved ones will no doubt benefit from the addition of a water wall in your home, whether it be a wall mounted waterfall, a freestanding water feature or a custom-built one. Many reports claim that a fountain located in a central living area makes people more cheerful, satisfied, and relaxed than those who do not have a fountain in the house.

The Beautiful Early Wonders by Bernini

The Beautiful Early Wonders by Bernini The Barcaccia, a stunning fountain built at the base of the Trinita dei Monti in Piaza di Spagna, was Bernini's earliest water fountain. To this day, this spot is flooded with Roman locals and travelers alike who enjoy conversation and each other's company. Today, the city streets surrounding Bernini's fountain are a trendy place where people go to gather, something which the artist would have been pleased to learn. The master's very first water fountain of his career was built at around 1630 at the behest of Pope Urbano VIII. A massive vessel slowly sinking into the Mediterranean is the fountain's main theme. Period reports dating back to the 16th century show that the fountain was constructed as a memorial to those who lost their lives in the great flooding of the Tevere. In 1665, France was graced by Bernini's one-and-only extended voyage outside of Italy.

Outdoor Fountain Builders Through History

Outdoor Fountain Builders Through History Fountain designers were multi-talented people from the 16th to the late 18th century, often serving as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one person. Exemplifying the Renaissance skilled artist as a innovative genius, Leonardo da Vinci worked as an inventor and scientific specialist. The forces of nature inspired him to research the qualities and movement of water, and due to his fascination, he carefully documented his experiences in his now celebrated notebooks. Early Italian water fountain designers converted private villa settings into inspiring water exhibits full with emblematic meaning and natural elegance by combining creativity with hydraulic and horticultural talent. The magnificence in Tivoli were provided by the humanist Pirro Ligorio, who was widely known for his skill in archeology, engineering and garden design. For the assorted properties in the vicinity of Florence, other water feature creators were well versed in humanistic topics as well as classical technical texts, masterminding the phenomenal water marbles, water attributes and water humor.

The Attraction of Simple Garden Decor: The Wall fountain

The Attraction of Simple Garden Decor: The Wall fountain Nowadays you can just place your garden water fountain near a wall since they no longer need to be connected to a pond. Nowadays, you can do away with digging, difficult installations and cleaning the pond.Attraction Simple Garden Decor: Wall fountain 941411432128014279.jpg Since this feature is self-contained, no plumbing work is needed. Adding water on a regular } basis is necessary, however. Clear away the water from the bowl and place fresh water in its place when you see that the spot is grimy.

Stone and metal are most prevalent elements used to construct garden wall fountains even though they can be manufactured from other materials as well. The most suitable material for your water feature depends completely on the style you prefer. The best styles for your outdoor wall fountain are those which are hand-crafted, easy to put up and not too cumbersome to hang. The fountain you choose needs to be simple to maintain as well. Generally, most installations are straight forward since the only parts which may require scrutiny are the re-circulating pump and the hanging hardware whereas other kinds of setups can be a little more difficult. You can effortlessly liven up your outdoor area with these kinds of fountains.

Exterior Wall Fountains: The Many Designs on the Market

Exterior Wall Fountains: The Many Designs on the Market You can create a place to unwind as well as add a touch of style to your porch or yard with a wall fountain since they are excellent adornments to fit into small area. The multitude of styles in outdoor wall fountains, including traditional, classic, contemporary, or Asian, means that you can find the one suitable to your tastes. Your tastes determine the type you buy so while there may not be a prefabricated fountain to satisfy you, you do have the option of having a customized one.Exterior Wall Fountains: Many Designs  Market 5308181787935.jpg

There are two specific sorts of fountains you can buy: mounted and free-standing. Small, self-contained models can be placed on a wall are called mounted wall fountains. Wall fountains made of resin ( similar to stone) or fiberglass are typically light so they can be easily hung. Floor fountains are freestanding, big, and also have a basin on the ground as well as a flat side against the wall. Typically composed of cast stone, this type of water feature is not restricted in weight.

Many skilled landscapers favor custom-built fountains which can be incorporated into a brand-new wall or an existing one. Placing the basin against the wall and installing all the plumbing work needs a professional mason to do it right. A fountain mask or a spout also needs to be incorporated into the wall. The unified look produced by customized wall fountains make them appear to be part of the scenery instead of an afterthought.

The Early Culture: Fountains

The Early Culture: FountainsEarly Culture: Fountains 6637869338.jpg Archaeological digs in Minoan Crete in Greece have exposed several sorts of channels. In conjunction with delivering water, they distributed water that gathered from storms or waste. The primary ingredients utilized were stone or clay. There were clay pipelines, both round and rectangle-shaped as well as canals made from the same materials. These incorporated cone-like and U-shaped clay pipes which were exclusive to the Minoans. Terracotta conduits were used to distribute water at Knossos Palace, running up to three meters directly below the floors. The pipes also had other functions such as gathering water and directing it to a primary site for storage. This called for the clay pipes to be capable of holding water without losing it. Underground Water Transportation: Originally this particular process would seem to have been created not quite for ease but rather to supply water for certain individuals or rituals without it being seen. Quality Water Transportation: The pipelines could furthermore have been chosen to haul water to water fountains which were split from the city’s standard technique.

The Benefits of Solar Energy Powered Fountains

The Benefits of Solar Energy Powered Fountains Garden wall fountains can be powered in a variety of different ways.Benefits Solar Energy Powered Fountains 48680301991519.jpg The recent interest in eco-friendly power has led to a rise in the use of solar run fountains, even though till now they have mainly been powered by electricity. The initial costs to run your fountain on solar energy are probably going to be steaper, but you should keep in mind that in the long run it will be the cheaper option. The most frequent materials used to make solar powered water features are terra cotta, copper, porcelain, or bronze. Your decor determines which style best fits you. Easy to upkeep and an excellent way to make a real contribution to the environment, they make wonderful additions to your garden refuge as well.

Indoor wall fountains are a superb option to cool your home as well as to provide an eye-catching addition to your surroundings. Yet another option to air conditioners and swamp coolers, they employ the very same principles to cool your living space Since they eat up less electricity, they also help you save money on your monthly power bill.

Their cooling effect can be by blowing crisp, dry air across them. You can either take advantage of air from a corner of your living space or turn on your ceiling fan to better the circulation in the room It is essential that the surface of the water have air regularly blowing across it. It is normal for fountains and waterfalls to generate cool, fresh air. The sudden chill we feel is typical when we approach a big municipal fountain or a waterfall. Placing your fountain cooling system in a spot where it will receive additional heat is not useful. Direct sunlight, for example, reduces the ability of your fountain to produce cool air.

Your Outdoor Water fountain: Maintenance & Routine Service

Your Outdoor Water fountain: Maintenance & Routine Service An important first step before installing any outdoor wall feature is to think about the area you have available. In order to support its total weight, a solid wall is required. Therefore for smaller areas or walls, a light fountain is going to be more appropriate. An electrical socket close to the fountain is required to power the fountain. Most outdoor wall fountains come with simple, step-by-step instructions with respect to the type of fountain.

Most outdoor wall fountains are available in easy-to-use kits that will give you everything you need to properly install it. The kit will include a submersible pump, the hoses and basin (or reservoir). If the size is appropriate, the basin can be hidden away among your garden plants.Outdoor Water fountain: Maintenance & Routine Service 9290446804.jpg Since outdoor wall fountains need little care, the only thing left to do is clean it consistently.

Change the water regularly so it is always clean. Remember to remove debris like leaves, twigs or dirt as swiftly as possible. In addition, your outdoor wall fountain should not be subjected to freezing winter weather conditions. Bring your pump inside when the weather turns very cold and freezes the water so as to prevent any possible damage, such as cracking. All in all, an outdoor wall fountain can last for any number of years with the right maintenance and care.

The Impact of the Norman Conquest on Anglo-Saxon Gardens

Impact Norman Conquest Anglo-Saxon Gardens 5308181787935.jpg The Impact of the Norman Conquest on Anglo-Saxon Gardens The arrival of the Normans in the second half of the 11th century irreparably improved The Anglo-Saxon lifestyle. At the time of the conquest, the Normans surpassed the Anglo-Saxons in building design and cultivation. But before centering on home-life or having the occasion to contemplate domestic architecture or decoration, the Normans had to subjugate an entire population. Because of this, castles were cruder buildings than monasteries: Monasteries were usually significant stone buildings located in the biggest and most fertile valleys, while castles were erected on windy crests where their residents dedicated time and space to tasks for offense and defense. Gardening, a peaceful occupation, was impracticable in these unproductive fortifications. Berkeley Castle, perhaps the most unspoiled style of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture, still exists today. The keep is said to date from William the Conqueror's time period. A spacious terrace recommended for strolling and as a way to stop attackers from mining under the walls runs about the building. On one of these parapets is a picturesque bowling green covered in grass and enclosed by an aged hedge of yew that has been designed into coarse battlements.

Installation of a Garden Fountain In Smaller Gardens

Installation Garden Fountain Smaller Gardens 4096594033161650621.jpg Installation of a Garden Fountain In Smaller Gardens The reflective properties of water means it can make small areas look larger than they are. Water features such as fountains profit from the reflective characteristics coming from dark materials. If your purpose is to showcase your new feature at night, underwater lights in various colors and shapes will do the trick. profit from the sun’s rays by using eco-lights during the day and underwater lighting fixtures during the night. The comforting effect created by these is oftentimes used in nature therapies to alleviate anxiety and stress.

The greenery in your backyard is the perfect place to place your water feature. Ponds, man-made rivers, or fountains are just some of the ways you can you can make it become the focal feature on your property. Examples of places where you can install a water element include large yards or small patios. The best way to perfect the atmosphere, place it in a good place and use the right accompaniments.

The Myriad Styles of Wall Fountains If you want to have a place to relax as well as add some flair to a small area such as a patio or courtyard, wall fountains are ideal because they do not occupy much space.... read more


The Countless Choices in Garden Wall Fountains A small patio or a courtyard is a great spot to put your wall fountain when you seek out peace and quiet.You can also make use of a small area by having one custom-made.... read more


The Magificent First Masterpieces by Bernini The Barcaccia, a beautiful water fountain built at the base of the Trinita dei Monti in Piaza di Spagna, was Bernini's earliest fountain.To this day, this spot is filled with Roman locals and tourists alike who enjoy debate and each other's company.... read more


The Wide Range of Outdoor Wall Water Fountains Having a wall fountain in your garden or on a veranda is great when you wish to relax.Additionally, it can be designed to fit into any wall space since it does not need much room.... read more


"Primitive" Greek Artwork: Large Statuary Up until the Archaic Greeks developed the 1st freestanding statuary, a noteworthy triumph, carvings had primarily been done in walls and pillars as reliefs.Most of these freestanding sculptures were what is known as kouros figures, statues of young, attractive male or female (kore) Greeks.... read more


The City Of Rome, Gian Bernini, And Fountains There are numerous famous fountains in Rome’s city center.One of the best ever sculptors and artists of the 17th century, nearly all of them were designed, conceived and constructed by Gian Lorenzo Bernini.... read more


Keep Your Large Garden Fountains Tidy To ensure that water fountains last a long time, it is important to practice regular maintenance.Leaves, twigs, and bugs very often find their way into fountains, so it is essential to keep yours free from such debris.... read more