The Outcome of the Norman Invasion on Anglo-Saxon Landscaping

The Outcome of the Norman Invasion on Anglo-Saxon Landscaping Anglo-Saxons encountered great changes to their day-to-day lives in the latter half of the eleventh century due to the accession of the Normans. The expertise of the Normans surpassed the Anglo-Saxons' in architecture and farming at the time of the conquest. But nevertheless home life, household architecture, and decoration were out of the question until the Normans taken over the rest of the population. Castles were more standard designs and often erected on blustery hills, where their tenants devoted both time and space to practicing offense and defense, while monasteries were major stone buildings, regularly located in the widest, most fertile hollows. Peaceful activities such as gardening were out of place in these destitute citadels. Berkeley Castle, perhaps the most uncorrupted style of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture, still exists now. The keep is reported to have been developed during the time of William the Conqueror.Outcome Norman Invasion Anglo-Saxon Landscaping 3252386339371188431.jpg A big terrace recommended for exercising and as a way to stop enemies from mining under the walls runs around the building. A picturesque bowling green, enveloped in grass and bordered by battlements clipped out of an ancient yew hedge, forms one of the terraces.

Installation of a Fountain In Smaller Yards

Installation of a Fountain In Smaller Yards You can make your space look bigger due to the reflective effect of water. In order to attain the optimum reflective properties of a water element or fountain, it is best to use dark materials.Installation Fountain Smaller Yards 573407066996.jpg Night time is a great time to draw attention to the lighted, colored underwater lights in your new water feature. profit from the sun’s rays by using eco-lights during the day and underwater lights during the night. The calming effect produced by these is oftentimes used in nature therapies to alleviate anxiety and stress.

The vegetation in your yard is a great spot to fit in your water feature. Ponds, artificial rivers, or fountains are just some of the ways you can you can make it become the central feature on your property. Examples of spots where you can install a water feature include large lawns or small patios. The best way to perfect the atmosphere, position it in a good place and use the right accompaniments.

Bernini’s Early Italian Fountains

Bernini’s Early Italian Fountains The Barcaccia, a stunning water fountain constructed at the base of the Trinita dei Monti in Piaza di Spagna, was Bernini's earliest fountain. To this day, this spot is filled with Roman locals and tourists alike who enjoy debate and each other's company. One of the city’s most fashionable meeting spots are the streets surrounding Bernini's fountain, which would certainly have brought a smile to the great Bernini. Dating back to around 1630, Pope Urbano VIII mandated what was to be the earliest water fountain of the artist's career. Illustrated in the fountain's design is a large ship gradually sinking into the Mediterranean Sea. According to 16th century documents, a great flood of the Tevere covered the entire area in water, an event which was commemorated by the eye-catching fountain. In 1665, France was graced by Bernini's only extended voyage outside of Italy.

The Rewards of Having an Indoor Wall Water Element in your Home or Office

The Rewards of Having an Indoor Wall Water Element in your Home or Office Your interior living space can benefit from an indoor wall fountain because it beautifies your home and also gives it a contemporary feel. Installing this sort of fountain in your residence or office allows you to create a place for your loved ones and clientele where there is little noise as well as minimal stress and maximum relaxation. Your staff and clientele alike will take notice and complement your new indoor wall water feature. Your indoor water element will undoubtedly grab the attention of all those in its vicinity, and stymie even your most demanding critic as well.Rewards Indoor Wall Water Element Home Office 3392235510169617.jpg

While sitting below your wall fountain you can delight in the serenity it provides after a long day's work and enjoy watching your favorite sporting event. The benefits of an indoor water feature include its ability to emit negative ions with its gentle sounds and eliminate dust and pollen from the air while creating a relaxing environment.

Your Herb Garden: The Basic Concepts

Herb Garden: Basic Concepts 19469121550401462.jpg Your Herb Garden: The Basic Concepts Herb gardening is a topic that many gardeners are attracted to. They are effortless to grow indoors or out, and offer immediate gratification when used in marinades, various recipes, sauces and soups. Though you may think you have to get out and prune daily with an herb garden this is not true, but even better you can keep it going all year long by moving your pots indoors in the fall. It is often sensible to allow perennial herbs to comprise the bulk of your garden, as these will not die and require replanting at the end of the year. Over and above this, you really should think about your personal taste requirements when choosing herbs to flavor dishes. Basil, oregano, and thyme are great herbs to plant if you like cooking and eating Italian food. If you prefer Latin themed food, you may choose to cultivate cilantro instead. Where you put your herb garden will define which herbs can grow there. If you live in a mild climate, with warm winters and relatively cool summers, it may be easiest to plant straight into the ground. This makes it so you do not have to be concerned about making planters. It is also a magnificent way to decorate your garden. If you don't want to your plants to perish or become dormant after becoming subjected to intense weather conditions, you can always rely on planters. They are handy and flexible and you can relocate inside at any time.

Installation and Maintenance of Wall fountains

Installation and Maintenance of Wall fountains Installing an outdoor wall fountain requires that you take into account the dimensions of the space where you are going to put it. It will require a very strong wall to support its total weight. Areas or walls that are small will require a lightweight fountain. An electric socket near the fountain is needed to power the fountain.Installation Maintenance  Wall fountains 74067802772732193722.jpg Whatever the style of outdoor wall fountain you select, they generally come with easy to understand, step-by-step instructions.

The typical outdoor wall fountain is available in an easy-to-use kit that comes with everything you need and more to properly install it. The kit includes a submersible pump, hoses as well as the basin, or reservoir. The basin can typically be concealed among your garden plants if it is not too large. Since outdoor wall fountains need little care, the only thing left to do is clean it regularly.

Replenishing and purifying the water on a routine basis is very important. Remember to clear away debris like leaves, twigs or dirt as quickly as possible. Make sure that your outdoor wall fountain is shielded from bitterly cold winter temperatures. In order to avoid any damage, such as cracking, from freezing water during the cold winter months, relocate your pump indoors. All in all, an outdoor wall fountain can last for any number of years with the right maintenance and cleaning.

The Distribution of Outdoor Garden Fountain Manufacturing Knowledge in Europe

The Distribution of Outdoor Garden Fountain Manufacturing Knowledge in Europe The published documents and illustrated pamphlets of the time contributed to the evolution of scientific innovation, and were the primary methods of spreading useful hydraulic concepts and water fountain suggestions throughout Europe. An un-named French water feature developer was an internationally renowned hydraulic innovator in the later part of the 1500's. His experience in creating landscapes and grottoes with built-in and brilliant water attributes began in Italy and with mandates in Brussels, London and Germany.Distribution Outdoor Garden Fountain Manufacturing Knowledge Europe 41927050549335014.jpg “The Principles of Moving Forces”, a publication which turned into the fundamental text on hydraulic technology and engineering, was authored by him towards the end of his life in France. Describing modern hydraulic technologies, the publication furthermore modernized critical hydraulic discoveries of classical antiquity. As a mechanized way to move water, Archimedes invented the water screw, chief among important hydraulic innovations. An ornamental fountain with the sun heating up the liquid in two vessels concealed in a neighboring accommodation was displayed in one illustration. Actuating the water feature is heated liquid which expands and ascends to close up the water lines. The book furthermore mentions garden ponds, water wheels, water feature concepts.

"Primitive" Greek Art: Large Statuary

"Primitive" Greek Art: Large Statuary Archaic Greeks were known for developing the first freestanding statuary; up till then, most carvings were formed out of walls and pillars as reliefs. For the most part the statues, or kouros figures, were of young and desirable male or female (kore) Greeks. Considered by Greeks to represent beauty, the kouroi were created into firm, forward facing positions with one foot outstretched, and the male statues were always nude, brawny, and athletic. Life-sized versions of the kouroi appeared beginning in 650 BC. A substantial time of modification for the Greeks, the Archaic period helped bring about more forms of government, expressions of art, and a higher appreciation of people and customs outside of Greece. Nonetheless, the Greek civilization was not slowed down by these fights.

Creators of the First Outdoor Fountains

Creators First Outdoor Fountains 8975272061699336.jpg Creators of the First Outdoor Fountains Water fountain designers were multi-talented people from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century, often serving as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and highly educated scholars all in one. During the Renaissance, Leonardo da Vinci illustrated the artist as a inspired master, creator and scientific expert. He carefully recorded his ideas in his currently recognized notebooks, after his enormous fascination in the forces of nature inspired him to research the attributes and movement of water. Early Italian fountain designers altered private villa configurations into ingenious water showcases complete with symbolic meaning and natural beauty by coupling imagination with hydraulic and horticultural experience. The humanist Pirro Ligorio brought the vision behind the splendors in Tivoli and was renowned for his virtuosity in archeology, architecture and garden concepts. For the assorted properties in the vicinity of Florence, other fountain engineers were well versed in humanist themes as well as classical technical texts, masterminding the excellent water marbles, water attributes and water antics.

Use a Outdoor Water fountain To Help Boost Air Quality

Use a Outdoor Water fountain To Help Boost Air Quality You can liven up your surroundings by adding an indoor wall fountain. Your eyes, your ears and your well-being can be favorably influenced by including this kind of indoor feature in your house. If you doubt the benefits of water fountains, just look at the science supporting this theory. Water features generally produce negative ions which are then balanced out by the positive ions produced by contemporary conveniences. When positive ions overtake negative ones, this results in bettered mental and physical health. You can become more alert, relaxed and lively due to an increase in the serotonin levels resulting from these types of features. Indoor wall fountains {generate negative ions which serve to heighten your mood and eliminate air pollutants. Allergies, air-borne pollutants among other annoyances can be done away with by these water features. Lastly, the dust particles and micro-organisms present in the air inside your house are absorbed by water fountains leading to better overall health.

Discover Peace with Outdoor Water Features

Discover Peace with Outdoor Water Features Your state of mind is favorably influenced by having water in your yard. The sounds of a fountain are perfect to block out the noise in your neighborhood or in the city where you reside. Consider this the spot where can you go to recreate yourself and become one with nature. Bodies of water such as seas, oceans and rivers are commonly used in water therapies, as they are considered therapeutic.Discover Peace Outdoor Water Features 3347340283682887.jpg So if you want a tiny piece of heaven nearby, a pond or fountain in your own garden is the answer.

The One Cleaning Solution to NEVER Use On Your Garden Fountains

The One Cleaning Solution to NEVER Use On Your Garden Fountains It is essential to carefully maintain water fountains for them to function optimally. It is easy for foreign objects to find their way into outdoor fountains, so keeping it clean is vital. Also, algae tends to build up anywhere natural light meets water. Either sea salt, hydrogen peroxide, or vinegar can be dissolved into the water to avoid this problem. Some people opt for pouring bleach into the water, but the problem is that it harms wildlife - so it should be avoided.

A thorough cleaning every 3-4 months is ideal for garden fountains. To start with you must remove the water. When you have done this, scrub inside the water reservoir with a mild detergent. If there are any little grooves, grab a toothbrush to reach every spot. Make sure all the soap is totally cleaned off.

Make sure you get rid of any calcium or plankton by taking the pump apart and cleaning the inside properly. Soaking it in vinegar for a while will make it easier to wash. Build-up can be a big hassle, so use mineral or rain water over tap water, when possible, to eliminate this dilemma.

Finally, be sure to have a quick look at your fountain every day and add water if you notice that the level is low. Allowing the water level to get too low can cause damage to the pump - and you certainly don't want that!

The First Modern Wall Fountains

First Modern Wall Fountains 54593210.jpg The First Modern Wall Fountains Pope Nicholas V, himself a well educated man, reigned the Roman Catholic Church from 1397 to 1455 during which time he commissioned many translations of ancient classical Greek documents into Latin. Embellishing Rome and making it the worthy capital of the Christian world was at the center of his ambitions. Beginning in 1453, the ruined ancient Roman aqueduct known as the Aqua Vergine which had brought clean drinking water into the city from eight miles away, underwent restoration at the behest of the Pope. A mostra, a monumental celebratory fountain constructed by ancient Romans to mark the point of entry of an aqueduct, was a custom which was restored by Nicholas V. The architect Leon Battista Alberti was commissioned by the Pope to build a wall fountain where we now see the Trevi Fountain. Adjustments and extensions, included in the repaired aqueduct, eventually provided the Trevi Fountain and the well-known baroque fountains in the Piazza del Popolo and Piazza Navona with the necessary water supply.

The Positive Benefits of installing a wall fountain in Your Living Area

The Positive Benefits of installing a wall fountain in Your Living Area The area outside your home can be enhanced by adding a wall or a garden fountain to your landscaping or garden project.Positive Benefits installing wall fountain Living Area 36101075.jpg Many current designers and artisans have been influenced by historical fountains and water features. You can also reinforce the link to the past by adding one of these to your home's interior design. Among the many properties of these beautiful garden fountains is the water and moisture they discharge into the air which attracts birds and other wild life as well as helps to balance the ecosystem. For example, irksome flying insects are usually deterred by the birds attracted to the fountain or birdbath.

Wall fountains are a good option if your yard is small because they do not need much space in contrast to a spouting or cascading fountain. Two options to choose from include either a freestanding type with an even back set against a fence or wall in your garden, or a wall-mounted, self-contained type which is suspended on a wall. Both a fountain mask located on the existing wall as well as a basin located at the bottom to collect the water are equired if you wish to add a fountain. The plumbing and masonry work necessary for this type of job requires expertise, so it is best to employ a skilled person rather than do it yourself.

Early Water Supply Techniques in The City Of Rome

Early Water Supply Techniques City Rome 79682454.jpg Early Water Supply Techniques in The City Of Rome Rome’s 1st elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in 273 BC; before that, inhabitants living at higher elevations had to rely on local streams for their water. During this time period, there were only two other techniques capable of supplying water to high areas, subterranean wells and cisterns, which gathered rainwater. Beginning in the sixteenth century, a unique program was introduced, using Acqua Vergine’s subterranean sections to generate water to Pincian Hill. Throughout the time of its original construction, pozzi (or manholes) were positioned at set intervals along the aqueduct’s channel. During the roughly nine years he had the residence, from 1543 to 1552, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi made use of these manholes to take water from the channel in buckets, though they were actually designed for the intent of maintaining and maintaining the aqueduct. It seems that, the rainwater cistern on his property wasn’t sufficient to meet his needs. Through an opening to the aqueduct that ran underneath his property, he was in a position to satisfy his water wants.

The Countless Kinds of Exterior Fountains

The Countless Kinds of Exterior Fountains Have you ever thought about converting your garden into an oasis of tranquility? Incorporating a fountain into your garden provides tranquility as well as numerous beneficial effects that come with having a water feature.

A striking impact is made when a spouting fountain sends a shooting stream of water high into the air.Countless Kinds Exterior Fountains 9522909132114307427.jpg Large, existing ponds can have one of these incorporated without much hassle. You can find these in public parks or old mansions.

Outdoor water features are available in a variety of forms, one of which is a chic wall fountain. If you are keen on include a water feature, but are doubtful because you have a small yard, do not hesitate to incorporate one of these. Wall fountains are not flashy water features as compared to a spouting fountain. It is straightforward undertaking wherein a small jet of water propels outwards in front of a splendidly textured wall and then flows down only to be pumped up again.

Your garden’s style determines whether a themed fountain is suitable for you. If your bungalow or garden is styled in a rustic manner, you should think about adding a traditional type of statue, such as a seraph holding the spout, to your fountain. Something unique and striking could be an option for more modern gardens. Feel free to let your hair down and go with something fun and audacious.

Tiered fountains are alluring because the water flows down multiple levels. Water flowing down multiple levels of this water feature is the chief characteristic of a cascading fountain.

A significant amount of space is necessary for an outdoor fountain, so another option is to install a wall fountain or a pondless fountain. Due to the fact that the reservoirs necessary for these kinds of fountains are hidden below the ground, you can make the most of the space at your disposal.

If you seek a feeling of serenity and calmness, put in a Japanese fountain as these are considered to bring about such sensations. Bamboo sticks are used in this sort of fountain to expel the water. The cycle of water falling into a rustic-styled bucket or a molded stone repeats itself again and again.

An additional type of fountain is made of glass. A more vintage look is provided by trellis-style fountains which showcase shaped metalwork. Water features of this type are an excellent alternative for gardens with many sharp edges as well as contemporary shapes and design. As the water moves over the top of the glass it produces a dazzling effect. LED lights are also utilized in some fountains to flash color across the water as it flows downward on the glass sheet. A rock waterfall fountain (often made of imitation rock) showcases water slowly flowing down its façade.

In a bubbling rock fountain, a big rock is drilled with openings and then filled in the center with tubes. In this type of fountain, water is pushed upwards at low pressure to cause it to bubble and gurgle at the top. Flowing towards the base of the fountain, the water comes back as a slow drizzle down the sides of the rock. This is yet another option for gardens with limited space. This sort of fountain, which uses low pressure to move water, is ideal because it stops water from being sprayed around in breezy weather.

The trend of installing solar powered fountains is becoming progressively prevalent. The lack of cables, the decreased difficulty in managing them, the lower energy bills, and the benefits to our ecosystem are just some of the reasons for this increased interest. Outdoor solar-powered fountains are available in myriad different styles, therefore, you will not have to settle on which one to buy.

The Advantages of Photovoltaic Wall fountains Your garden wall fountain can be powered by numerous power sources.While electricity has been used up to now to run them, there has been renewed interest in eco-friendly solar powered models.... read more


The Subtle Charm of the Outdoor Wall Fountain Your loved ones and friends will appreciate the beauty a wall fountain lends to your decor.The dazzling elegance a wall water feature lends to any space is in addition to the gentle background sounds it produces.... read more


The First Documented Water Features of History The water from springs and other sources was initially supplied to the residents of nearby towns and municipalities through water fountains, whose purpose was mainly practical, not artistic.... read more


The Basics of Herbaceous Garden Plants An Introduction to Containers Gardening & Herbal Plants.They're effortless to grow inside the house or out, and provide immediate gratification when used in marinades, various recipes, sauces and soups.... read more


The First Modern Wall Fountains Pope Nicholas V, himself a learned man, governed the Roman Catholic Church from 1397 to 1455 during which time he commissioned many translations of old classical Greek texts into Latin.... read more


The Magificent Early Wonders by Bernini The Barcaccia, a stunning fountain constructed at the base of the Trinita dei Monti in Piaza di Spagna, was Bernini's earliest fountain.Roman locals and site seers who enjoy verbal exchanges as well as being the company of others still go to this spot.... read more


Can Landscape Fountains Help Purify The Air? You can liven up your environment by installing an indoor wall fountain.Putting in this sort of indoor feature positively affects your senses and your general health.... read more


How Your Home or Office Benefit from an Indoor Wall Water Feature Your interior living space can profit from an interior wall fountain because it beautifies your home and also gives it a modern feel.Your home or workspace can become noise-free, worry-free and peaceful areas for your family, friends, and clients when you have one of these fountains.... read more