Early Water Supply Techniques in Rome

Early Water Supply Techniques Rome 0039095392282105689.jpg Early Water Supply Techniques in Rome Previous to 273, when the very first elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was made in Roma, citizens who resided on hillsides had to go even further down to get their water from natural sources. Outside of these aqueducts and springs, wells and rainwater-collecting cisterns were the only technological innovations around at the time to supply water to areas of high elevation. In the very early 16th century, the city began to use the water that ran below the ground through Acqua Vergine to provide drinking water to Pincian Hill. As originally constructed, the aqueduct was provided along the length of its channel with pozzi (manholes) constructed at regular intervals. Though they were originally developed to make it possible to support the aqueduct, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi started using the manholes to gather water from the channel, starting when he bought the property in 1543. Although the cardinal also had a cistern to accumulate rainwater, it didn’t supply a sufficient amount of water. That is when he decided to create an access point to the aqueduct that ran under his residential property.

Did You Know How Mechanical Concepts of Water Fountains Became Known?

Did You Know How Mechanical Concepts of Water Fountains Became Known? Spreading useful hydraulic knowledge and water feature design ideas all through Europe was accomplished with the written documents and illustrated books of the time. An un-named French fountain developer was an internationally renowned hydraulic pioneer in the later part of the 1500's. With imperial mandates in Brussels, London and Germany, he started his work in Italy, developing experience in garden design and grottoes with built-in and imaginative water hydraulics. “The Principles of Moving Forces”, a book which turned into the essential book on hydraulic technology and engineering, was composed by him toward the end of his life in France. Classical antiquity hydraulic developments were outlined as well as changes to key classical antiquity hydraulic breakthroughs in the book. Archimedes, the inventor of the water screw, had his work highlighted and these integrated a mechanical means to move water. Sunlight heating liquid in a couple of vessels concealed in a room next to an beautiful water feature was shown in one illustration. The end result: the water feature is stimulated by the hot liquid expanding and ascending up the pipelines.Know Mechanical  Concepts Water Fountains Became Known? 8645104230481.jpg Designs for pumps, water wheels, water features and outdoor ponds are also included in the publication.

The Many Styles of Wall Water Fountains

The Many Styles of Wall Water FountainsMany  Styles Wall Water Fountains 4762068235186656947.jpg If you want to create a place to relax as well as add some pizzazz to a small area such as a patio or courtyard, wall fountains are perfect because they do not take up much space. Conventional, antique, modern, or Asian are just some of the styles you can choose from when looking for an outdoor wall fountain to your liking. Your preferences dictate the type you buy so while there may not be a prefabricated fountain to suit you, you do have the option of having a custom made one.

There are two distinct styles of fountains you can buy: mounted and stand-alone. Small, self-contained versions can be placed on a wall are called mounted wall fountains. Fountains of this kind need to be lightweight, therefore, they are usually made of resin (resembling stone) or fiberglass. In large free-standing fountains, otherwise known as wall fountains, the basin is set on the ground with the flat side positioned against a wall. Typically made of cast stone, this type of water feature is not limited in weight.

Landscape professionals often recommend a customized fountain for a brand new or existing wall. Placing the basin against the wall and installing all the plumbing work needs a expert mason to do it correctly. You will need to integrate a spout or fountain mask into the wall. Customized wall fountains add to a unified appearance because they become part of the landscape rather than look like a later addition.

The Positive Benefits of installing a garden fountain in Your Living Area

The Positive Benefits of installing a garden fountain in Your Living Area You can enhance your exterior space by including a wall fountain or an outdoor garden water feature to your yard or gardening project. Modern-day designers and fountain builders alike use historical fountains and water features to shape their creations. As such, the impact of adding one of these to your interior decor connects it to past times. The advantage of having a garden fountain extends beyond its beauty as it also appeals to birds and other wildlife, in addition to harmonizing the ecosystem with the water and moisture it emits into the atmosphere. For example, birds attracted by a fountain or birdbath can be helpful because they fend off irritating flying insects.

The space necessary for a cascading or spouting fountain is considerable, so a wall fountain is the ideal size for a small yard. Either a freestanding fountain with an even back and an attached basin set against a fence or a wall, or a wall-mounted style which is self-contained and hangs on a wall, are some of the possibilities from which you can choose. A fountain can be added to an existing wall if you include some kind of fountain mask as well as a basin to collect the water below. The plumbing and masonry work necessary for this type of work requires know-how, so it is best to employ a skilled person rather than go at it yourself.

The Benefits of Solar Garden Fountains

The Benefits of Solar Garden FountainsBenefits Solar  Garden Fountains 88547062543850771209.jpg There are various power sources which can be used to power your garden wall fountain. Older fountains have historically been powered by electricity, but due to a greater interest in eco-friendly fountains, solar energy is used in new models. Although solar run water fountains may be the most inexpensive long-term option, the initial outlay is in fact higher. Terra cotta, copper, porcelain, or bronze are used to make solar operated water fountains. This wide array of choices makes it easier to purchase one which matches your interior design. If you are looking to have your own garden retreat, these types of fountains are ideal because they are easy to upkeep and also have a positive effect on the environment.

Indoor wall fountains are a superb way to cool your home as well as to provide an enticing addition to your living area. An alternative to air conditioners and swamp coolers, they cool off your home by using the same techniques. Since they consume less electricity, they also help you save money on your monthly energy bill.

Fanning fresh, dry air across them is the most frequent method used to benefit from their cooling effect. To improve air circulation, turn on your ceiling fan or use the air from some corner of the room. It is very important that the surface of the water have air continually blowing across it. Cool, crisp air is one of the natural byproducts of fountains and waterfalls. The sudden chill we feel is normal when we approach a big municipal fountain or a waterfall. Your fountain cooling system should not be placed in an area which is especially hot. Your cooling system will be less reliable if it is placed in direct sunlight.

Modern Garden Decor: Garden Fountains and their Roots

Modern Garden Decor: Garden Fountains and their Roots The incredible architecture of a fountain allows it to provide clean water or shoot water high into air for dramatic effect and it can also serve as an excellent design feature to complement your home.Modern Garden Decor: Garden Fountains Roots 963405573789478.jpg

Originally, fountains only served a practical purpose. Water fountains were connected to a spring or aqueduct to provide drinkable water as well as bathing water for cities, townships and villages. Until the late 19th, century most water fountains operated using the force of gravity to allow water to flow or jet into the air, therefore, they needed a supply of water such as a reservoir or aqueduct located higher than the fountain. Acting as an element of decoration and celebration, fountains also provided clean, fresh drinking water. Bronze or stone masks of wildlife and heroes were commonly seen on Roman fountains. During the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden planners incorporated fountains to create smaller variations of the gardens of paradise. King Louis XIV of France wanted to illustrate his superiority over nature by including fountains in the Gardens of Versailles. To mark the entrance of the restored Roman aqueducts, the Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries commissioned the construction of baroque style fountains in the spot where the aqueducts arrived in the city of Rome

Urban fountains created at the end of the nineteenth functioned only as decorative and celebratory ornaments since indoor plumbing provided the necessary drinking water. Gravity was substituted by mechanical pumps in order to enable fountains to bring in clean water and allow for amazing water displays.

Decorating city parks, honoring people or events and entertaining, are some of the purposes of modern-day fountains.

Modern Wall Water Features

Modern Wall Water Features Leave a positive impression on your loved ones by incorporating a wall fountain in your interior design. The dazzling splendor a wall water feature contributes to any place is in addition to the soft background sounds it produces. You can leave a lasting impression on your guests with the visual grace and the inviting sounds of this sort of feature.

A living area with a contemporary theme can also benefit from a wall fountain. Also made in modern-day materials such as stainless steel or glass, they can add flair to your interior style. Does your home or workplace have a limited amount of space? A wall water fountain is perhaps the best choice for you. Since they are hung on a wall, these features do not take up precious room.Modern Wall Water Features 491694292116495.jpg You may note that many hectic office lobbies have fountains. Indoor spaces are not the only places to display a wall fountain, however. Outdoor wall water features can be manufactured of fiberglass or resin. Enhance your yard, porch, or other outdoor space with a water fountain made of these waterproof materials.

There is wide assortment of unique styles in wall fountains ranging from the modern to classic and rustic. You can choose the best style based upon your own preferences. A mountain lodge might require a classic material such as slate whereas a high rise apartment might require sleek glass to liven up the interior space. You can pick the material most suited to your needs. There is no doubting the fact that fountains are features which delight visitors and add to your quality of life.

The Broad Array of Outdoor Wall Water Fountains

The Broad Array of Outdoor Wall Water Fountains Putting a wall fountain in your backyard or patio is ideal when you want to relax. You can also make the most of a small space by having one custom-made.Broad Array Outdoor Wall Water Fountains 364904018904.jpg The necessary elements include a spout, a water basin, internal tubing, and a pump regardless of whether it is freestanding or secured. There are any number of models to pick from including traditional, contemporary, classic, or Asian.

Freestanding wall fountains, otherwise known as floor fountains, are relatively big and feature a basin on the ground.

A wall-mounted water feature can either be incorporated onto a wall already in existence or fitted into a wall under construction. Incorporating this kind of water feature into your landscape brings a cohesiveness to the look you want to achieve rather than making it seem as if the fountain was merely added later.

The Minoan Society: Fountains

Minoan Society: Fountains 94538519858.jpg The Minoan Society: Fountains Archaeological excavations in Minoan Crete in Greece have discovered some types of channels. They were used for water supply as well as removal of storm water and wastewater. The principle components utilized were rock or terracotta. When made from clay, they were usually in the shape of canals and circular or rectangle-shaped piping. The cone-like and U-shaped terracotta conduits which were uncovered have not been spotted in any other culture. Terracotta piping were used to administer water at Knossos Palace, running up to three meters under the floors. These Minoan pipes were also made use of for gathering and storing water, not just circulation. This required the terracotta conduits to be suitable for holding water without seepage. Underground Water Transportation: Originally this particular process seems to have been created not quite for convenience but rather to provide water for specific individuals or rituals without it being spotted. Quality Water Transportation: The pipes could also have been used to haul water to water fountains which were different from the city’s general technique.

An Short Guide to Herbs in Your Garden

Short Guide Herbs Garden 582660143764.jpg An Short Guide to Herbs in Your Garden Natural herb gardening is a matter that many gardeners are attracted to. They're effortless to grow inside our homes or out, and offer instantaneous gratification when used in marinades, various recipes, sauces and soups. An herb garden is easily maintained with minimum daily care, and planter gardens and potted herbs can be easily moved inside once autumn frosts begin, making it possible to maintain an herb garden all year long. You can integrate a lot of things in your backyard, including perennial herbs especially because they don't need replanting at the close of the year and do not die easily. Consider the sorts of flavors you enjoy cooking with (and eating)when choosing herbs for your garden. Basil, oregano, and thyme are great herbs to plant if you take pleasure in cooking and eating Italian food. If you prefer Latin themed food, you may decide to plant cilantro instead. It is essential to figure out where your herbs will be planted in order to decide which herbs will thrive. It will be easiest to plant right into the ground if your climate is on the more gentle side, with seasons that are not severe. This is a fantastic way to spruce up your yard without having the discomfort of purchasing or creating planters. If you don't want to your plants to perish or become dormant after becoming subjected to overwhelming weather conditions, you can still rely on planters. They are handy and flexible and you can relocate inside at any time.

Gian Bernini's Water Features

Gian Bernini's Water Features There are many famous Roman water features in its city center.Gian Bernini's Water Features 49711953.jpg One of the most distinguished sculptors and designers of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini designed, conceptualized and constructed nearly all of them. His skills as a water feature developer and also as a city architect, are obvious all through the roads of Rome. Eventually transferring to Rome to completely express their art, primarily in the shape of community water fountains, Bernini’s father, a distinguished Florentine sculptor, guided his young son. The juvenile Bernini was an exceptional worker and received praise and patronage of important painters as well as popes. At first he was recognized for his sculpting skills. An authority in historical Greek architecture, he utilized this knowledge as a starting point and melded it seamlessly with Roman marble, most remarkably in the Vatican. Although many artists had an influence on his work, Michelangelo had the most profound effect.

The Beautiful First Masterpieces by Bernini

The Beautiful First Masterpieces by BerniniBeautiful First Masterpieces Bernini 0250913949.jpg The Barcaccia, Bernini's first water fountain, is a magnificent chef d'oeuvre built at the foot of the Trinita dei Monti in Piaza di Spagna. Roman locals and site seers who appreciate conversation as well as being the company of others still flood this spot. The streets surrounding his water fountain have come to be one of the city’s most trendy meeting places, something which would certainly have pleased Bernini himself. In about 1630, the great artist designed the first fountain of his career at the behest of Pope Ubano VIII. People can now see the fountain as a depiction of a great ship gradually sinking into the Mediterranean Sea. According to 16th century documents, a great flood of the Tevere covered the entire area in water, an event which was memorialized by the magnificent fountain. In 1665 Bernini traveled to France, in what was to be his only lengthy absence from Italy.

A Concise History of Early Outdoor Public Fountains

A Concise History of Early Outdoor Public Fountains Towns and villages relied on functional water fountains to channel water for preparing food, bathing, and cleaning from nearby sources like ponds, streams, or creeks. A source of water higher in elevation than the fountain was required to pressurize the flow and send water spraying from the fountain's nozzle, a system without equal until the later part of the 19th century. The elegance and spectacle of fountains make them appropriate for historical monuments. The contemporary fountains of modern times bear little resemblance to the very first water fountains.Concise History Early Outdoor Public Fountains 14130521622018761.jpg The first recognized water fountain was a stone basin created that served as a receptacle for drinking water and ceremonial purposes. Rock basins are thought to have been 1st utilized around 2000 BC. The very first civilizations that used fountains depended on gravity to drive water through spigots. Situated near reservoirs or springs, the practical public water fountains furnished the local populace with fresh drinking water. Fountains with decorative Gods, mythological beasts, and creatures began to show up in Rome in about 6 B.C., crafted from natural stone and bronze. The people of Rome had an elaborate system of aqueducts that furnished the water for the countless fountains that were situated throughout the city.

Keeping Your Large Outdoor Fountain Tidy

Keeping Your Large Outdoor Fountain Tidy In order to ensure that water fountains last a while, it is vital to perform regular maintenance. It is easy for foreign items to find their way into open-air fountains, so keeping it clean is vital. Another factor is that water that is exposed to sunlight is susceptible to growing algae. To avoid this, take vinegar, hydrogen peroxide, or sea salt and add right into the water. There are those who prefer to use bleach, but that is harmful to any animals that might drink or bathe in the water - so should therefore be avoided.

Every three-four months, garden fountains should have a good cleaning. To start with you must empty the water. When you have done this, scrub inside the water reservoir with a mild detergent. A helpful tip is to use a toothbrush if there are little hard-to-reach spots. Be sure to carefully rinse the interior of the fountain to make sure all the soap is gone.

Make sure you get rid of any calcium or plankton by taking the pump apart and washing the inside properly. To make it less difficult, soak it in vinegar for a while before cleaning. Build-up can be a big problem, so use mineral or rain water over tap water, when possible, to prevent this dilemma.

Finally, be sure to have a quick look at your fountain every day and add water if you notice that the level is low. If the water level drops below the pump’s intake level, it can harm the pump and cause it to burn out - something you don't want to happen!

Builders of the First Water Features

Builders of the First Water Features Commonly serving as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars, all in one, fountain creators were multi-faceted individuals from the 16th to the late 18th century. Leonardo da Vinci as a innovative intellect, inventor and scientific expert exemplified this Renaissance artist. He carefully recorded his examinations in his now celebrated notebooks about his studies into the forces of nature and the attributes and movement of water. Coupling inventiveness with hydraulic and landscaping talent, early Italian water feature engineers changed private villa settings into ingenious water exhibits full with symbolic meaning and natural beauty. Known for his virtuosity in archeology, design and garden creations, Pirro Ligorio, the humanist, offered the vision behind the magnificence in Tivoli.Builders First Water Features 8690585325481414254.jpg Other water feature designers, masterminding the fantastic water marbles, water functions and water antics for the various mansions in the vicinity of Florence, were well-versed in humanistic subjects and time-honored scientific texts.
The Dissemination of Water Fountain Design Innovation The published reports and illustrated books of the day contributed to the advancements of scientific innovation, and were the chief methods of dissiminating useful hydraulic facts and water feature suggestions all through Europe.... read more


Find Serenity with Garden Water Features Water adds peace to your garden environment.The noise in your community can be masked by the soft sounds of a fountain.This is the perfect spot to relax and experience the natural world near you.... read more


The Use of Fountains As Water Features A water feature is one which is a large element through which water flows.A simple hanging fountain or an elaborate courtyard tiered fountain are just two examples from the vast range of articles available.... read more


The Grace of Simple Garden Decor: The Outdoor Water fountain Since garden water fountains are no longer dependent on a nearby pond, it is possible to install them close to a wall.Moreover, it is no longer necessary to dig, deal with a complicated installation procedure or tidy up the pond.... read more


Installation of a Wall Fountain In Smaller Gardens You can make your space look bigger due to the reflective effect of water.Dark materials increase the reflective properties of a fountain or water feature.If your objective is to showcase your new feature at night, underwater lights in various colors and shapes will do the trick.... read more


The Elegance of Simple Garden Decor: The Large Outdoor Fountain It is also feasible to place your outdoor water fountain near a wall since they do not need to be connected to a nearby pond.Nowadays, you can do away with excavations, complicated installations and cleaning the pond.... read more


Indoor Wall Water Elements are Great for House or Workplace Add an ornamental and modern twist to your home by adding an indoor wall fountain.You can create a noise-free, stress-free and comforting ambiance for your family, friends and customers by installing this type of fountain.... read more


Historic Crete & The Minoans: Fountains On the Greek island of Crete, excavations have discovered channels of multiple types.They were used for water supply as well as removal of storm water and wastewater.... read more