The Impact of the Norman Invasion on Anglo-Saxon Landscaping

The Impact of the Norman Invasion on Anglo-Saxon Landscaping The arrival of the Normans in the 2nd half of the eleventh century irreparably improved The Anglo-Saxon lifestyle. Architecture and gardening were abilities that the Normans excelled in, trumping that of the Anglo-Saxons at the time of the occupation. But there was no time for home life, domesticated architecture, and adornment until the Normans had overcome the whole region. Because of this, castles were cruder structures than monasteries: Monasteries were frequently significant stone buildings located in the biggest and most fertile valleys, while castles were erected on windy crests where their citizens devoted time and space to projects for offense and defense. The tranquil method of gardening was not viable in these dismal bastions.Impact Norman Invasion Anglo-Saxon Landscaping 93982783575649.jpg Berkeley Castle is most likely the most complete model in existence nowadays of the early Anglo-Norman form of architecture. The keep is said to date from William the Conqueror's time. A big terrace meant for exercising and as a way to stop enemies from mining below the walls runs around the building. On 1 of these terraces sits a charming bowling green: it's covered in grass and flanked by an old yew hedge that is created into the shape of rough ramparts.

How Mechanical Designs of Outdoor Spread

How Mechanical Designs of Outdoor Spread The circulated reports and illustrated books of the time contributed to the development of scientific technology, and were the primary means of transmitting useful hydraulic facts and fountain suggestions throughout Europe. In the later part of the 1500's, a French water fountain architect (whose name has been lost) was the internationally distinguished hydraulics innovator. With imperial mandates in Brussels, London and Germany, he started his career in Italy, acquiring know-how in garden design and grottoes with incorporated and clever water hydraulics.Mechanical Designs Outdoor Spread 23076125.jpg He penned a publication titled “The Principles of Moving Forces” toward the conclusion of his life while in France which came to be the essential book on hydraulic technology and engineering. The publication modified crucial hydraulic discoveries since classical antiquity as well as describing contemporary hydraulic technologies. The water screw, a mechanical means to move water, and developed by Archimedes, was showcased in the book. Sunlight warming water in two containers hidden in a room next to an ornamental water fountain was displayed in one illustration. Actuating the fountain is heated water that expands and rises to close up the pipes. The book furthermore covers garden ponds, water wheels, water feature creations.

The One Cleaning Solution to NEVER Use On Your Fountains

One Cleaning Solution NEVER Use Fountains 9864469753704022.jpg The One Cleaning Solution to NEVER Use On Your Fountains To ensure that water fountains last a long time, it is important to practice regular maintenance. A typical concern with fountains is that they tend to gather dirt and debris, so it is essential that you keep it free from this. Also, algae tends to build up wherever natural light meets water. In order to avoid this, there are some simple ingredients that can be added into the water, such as vinegar, sea salt, or hydrogen peroxide. Bleach can also be put into the water, but this is not the ideal option as it can sicken birds or other animals.

A thorough cleaning every 3-4 months is ideal for garden fountains. Before you can start cleaning it you must drain out all of the water. As soon as it is empty, scrub inside the reservoir with a gentle cleanser. A good tip is to use a toothbrush if there are little hard-to-reach spots. Any soap residue that remains on your fountain can damage it, so be sure it is all rinsed off.

Make sure you get rid of any calcium or plankton by taking the pump apart and washing the inside carefully. Soaking it in vinegar for a while will make it easier to wash. Mineral or rain water, versus tap water, is ideal in order to eliminate any build-up of chemicals inside the pump.

Finally, be sure to have a quick look at your fountain daily and add water if you see that the level is low. Permitting the water level to get too low can cause damage to the pump - and you certainly don't want that!

Statuary As a Staple of Classic Art in Ancient Greece

Statuary As a Staple of Classic Art in Ancient Greece The first freestanding statuary was designed by the Archaic Greeks, a notable achievement since until then the only carvings in existence were reliefs cut into walls and columns.Statuary Staple Classic Art Ancient Greece 30579442.jpg Kouros figures, statues of young, attractive male or female (kore) Greeks, made up the majority of the statues. The kouroi were believed by the Greeks to embody beauty and were sculpted with one foot leading and an uncompromising rigidity to their forward-facing poses; the male statues were always strapping, brawny, and naked. The kouroi became life-sized starting in 650 BC. During the Archaic period, a great time of change, the Greeks were evolving new types of government, expressions of art, and a larger understanding of people and cultures outside Greece. Still these disputes did not prevent the emergence of the Greek civilization. {

Outdoor Wall Fountains: The Many Styles on the Market

Outdoor Wall Fountains: The Many Styles on the Market Wall fountains are well suited to little patios or yards because they do not require too much space while also adding a touch of style and providing a great place to find peace and quiet.Outdoor Wall Fountains: Many Styles Market 642718635842279.jpg Whatever design of outdoor wall fountain you are looking for whether it be traditional, modern, classic, or Asian you will certainly find the one you like most. Your tastes determine the type you buy so while there may not be a prefabricated fountain to suit you, you do have the option of having a custom made one.

Depending on your requirements, you can pick from mounted or freestanding models. You can install a mounted wall fountain because they are small and self-contained. Ordinarily made of resin (to look like stone) or fiber glass, these kinds of fountains are lightweight and easy to hang. Free-standing fountains, often referred to as floor fountains, are sizable, have a basin located on the ground and a smooth side which leans against a wall. Generally composed of cast stone, this kind of water feature is not restricted in weight.

Many experienced landscapers prefer custom-built fountains which can be integrated into a brand-new wall or an existing one. A expert mason is necessary to install the water basin against the wall and properly install all the plumbing inside or behind the wall. The wall will have to have a spout or fountain mask built into it. Customized wall fountains lend to a unified look because they become part of the landscape rather than look like a later addition.

Rome’s Early Water Transport Systems

Rome’s Early Water Transport Systems Rome’s very first raised aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in 273 BC; before that, inhabitants living at higher elevations had to rely on natural streams for their water. If inhabitants residing at higher elevations did not have access to springs or the aqueduct, they’d have to be dependent on the remaining existing solutions of the day, cisterns that compiled rainwater from the sky and subterranean wells that drew the water from under ground. In the early sixteenth century, the city began to utilize the water that flowed below ground through Acqua Vergine to deliver water to Pincian Hill. Through its initial construction, pozzi (or manholes) were positioned at set intervals along the aqueduct’s channel. While these manholes were manufactured to make it simpler and easier to preserve the aqueduct, it was also feasible to use buckets to extract water from the channel, which was exercised by Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi from the time he acquired the property in 1543 to his passing in 1552. The cistern he had made to obtain rainwater wasn’t sufficient to meet his water requirements. To provide himself with a more efficient way to assemble water, he had one of the manholes opened, providing him access to the aqueduct below his property.

Your Herb Garden: The Basic Concepts

Your Herb Garden: The Basic Concepts An Introduction to Containers Gardening & Herbal Plants. They are incredibly simple to grow both indoors or outdoors, and offer instant gratification as you can use them in a wide array of recipes including soups, marinades and sauces.Herb Garden: Basic Concepts 853541402776686466.jpg Maintaining your herb garden all year is straight forward to do as you can plant the herbal plants in pots and move them in when the weather starts to turn cold. Since perennial natural herbs don't die easily or require replanting every end of the year, they are a practical (and fun) addition to your garden. In addition, the kinds of herbs you really like to cook with should affect your personal herb selection. It is worthwhile to plant herbs that you will use. If you love to cook Latin food, you will undoubtedly use cilantro. If you like Italian food, you should choose to plant basil, oregano, and thyme. It is essential to figure out where your herbs will be cultivated in order to decide which herbs will thrive. If you live in a mild climate it may be better to plant right into the ground due to the warmer winter seasons and cool summers. This makes it so you do not have to be concerned about making planters. It is also a magnificent way to decorate your garden. There is nothing you can do to get away from harsh climate conditions that might hurt your plants. However, there's hope because planters can be transferred indoors whenever there's bad weather outside so they are flexible and practical for your herbs.

The First Documented Public Water Features of the Historical Past

The First Documented Public Water Features of the Historical Past As initially developed, fountains were designed to be functional, directing water from streams or reservoirs to the residents of towns and villages, where the water could be utilized for cooking food, cleaning, and drinking. Gravity was the power source of water fountains up until the end of the 19th century, using the potent power of water traveling down hill from a spring or creek to squeeze the water through spigots or other outlets. Striking and spectacular, big water fountains have been built as memorials in most societies.First Documented Public Water Features Historical Past 462887104127919.jpg When you encounter a fountain at present, that is not what the 1st water fountains looked like. Simple stone basins sculpted from local material were the original fountains, used for religious purposes and drinking water. Natural stone basins as fountains have been found from 2,000 BC. The first fountains put to use in ancient civilizations depended on gravity to regulate the circulation of water through the fountain. The location of the fountains was determined by the water source, which is why you’ll usually find them along aqueducts, canals, or rivers. Wildlife, Gods, and religious figures dominated the early decorative Roman fountains, starting to appear in about 6 B.C.. The people of Rome had an elaborate system of aqueducts that furnished the water for the countless fountains that were situated throughout the city.

Consider the Benefits of an Interior Wall Water Fountain

Consider the Benefits of an Interior Wall Water Fountain Indoor fountains are a useful addition in hospitals and wellness clinics since they add a peaceful, tranquil essence to them. A meditative state can be induced in people who hear the gentle sounds of trickling water.

The sounds generated by indoor fountains are also thought to increase the pace of recovery. They are understood to be a positive part of dealing with a variety of illnesses according to many medical professionals and mental health providers. People with PTSD or insomnia, as well as other medical conditions, are thought to recuperate better with the soothing, delicate sounds of flowing water.

According to various studies, having an wall fountain inside your home may lead to a higher level of well-being and security. As humans we are naturally pulled by the sight and sound of water, both of which contribute to our well-being and the conservation of our planet.

Feng-shui is an ancient school of thought which asserts that water is one of two basic components in our lives which has the ability to transform us. The main precepts of feng-shui state that we can attain serenity and harmony by harmonizing the interior elements in our surroundings. We should have the element of water somewhere in our living area. The front of your home, including the entrance, is the best place to put in a fountain.

Whatever you decide on, whether a mounted waterfall, a free-standing water feature, or a customized fountain, you can be certain that your brand new water wall will be advantageous to you and your loved ones. Placing a fountain in a main room, according to some reports, seems to make people happier, more content, and calm than people who do not have one.

A Smaller Garden Area? You Can Have a Water Feature too!

Smaller Garden Area? Can Water Feature too! 4682378574497.jpg A Smaller Garden Area? You Can Have a Water Feature too! You can make your space appear bigger due to the reflective effect of water. Increasing the reflective aspects of a fountain or water feature are possible by using dark materials. Night time is a great occasion to draw attention to the lighted, colored underwater lights in your new water feature. Solar powered eco-lights are excellent during the day and submerged lights are perfect for nighttime use. Relieving stress and anxiety with their calming sounds are some of the uses in nature medicine.

Water just blends into the greenery in your backyard. Your pond, man-made river, or fountain is the perfect feature to draw people’s attention. The flexibility of water features is that they can be set up in large backyards as well as in small verandas. The best way to perfect the atmosphere, position it in a good place and use the right accompaniments.

Ancient Outside Water Fountain Designers

Ancient Outside Water Fountain DesignersAncient Outside Water Fountain Designers 5761340312218091643.jpg Often serving as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one, from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century, fountain designers were multi-faceted people, Leonardo da Vinci as a innovative intellect, inventor and scientific virtuoso exemplified this Renaissance artist. With his immense fascination concerning the forces of nature, he explored the properties and motion of water and also carefully annotated his findings in his now celebrated notebooks. Early Italian water fountain engineers altered private villa settings into amazing water exhibits full of emblematic meaning and natural beauty by coupling creativity with hydraulic and horticultural experience. Known for his incredible skill in archeology, architecture and garden creations, Pirro Ligorio, the humanist, delivered the vision behind the magnificence in Tivoli. Masterminding the fascinating water marbles, water features and water antics for the numerous properties in the vicinity of Florence, some other water feature designers were well versed in humanist themes as well as time-honored technical texts.

Your Outdoor Living Area: An Ideal Spot for a Wall Fountain

Your Outdoor Living Area: An Ideal Spot for a Wall Fountain The area outside your home can be enhanced by including a wall or a garden fountain to your landscaping or garden project.Outdoor Living Area: Ideal Spot Wall Fountain 41418888293290.jpg Contemporary artists and fountain builders alike use historic fountains and water features to shape their creations. As such, the effect of integrating one of these to your interior decor connects it to past times. The benefit of having a garden fountain extends beyond its beauty as it also attracts birds and other wildlife, in addition to harmonizing the ecosystem with the water and moisture it emits into the atmosphere. For example, birds attracted by a fountain or birdbath can be useful because they fend off irritating flying insects.

The area required for a cascading or spouting fountain is considerable, so a wall fountain is the ideal size for a small yard. There are two types of fountains to pick from including the freestanding version with a flat back and an attached basin set up against a fence or a wall in your yard, or the wall-mounted, self-contained version which is suspended directly on a wall. A water feature can be added to an existing wall if you include some sort of fountain mask as well as a basin to gather the water below. The plumbing and masonry work necessary for this type of job requires expertise, so it is best to employ a skilled person rather than go at it yourself.

The Attraction of Simple Garden Decor: The Outdoor Garden Fountain

The Attraction of Simple Garden Decor: The Outdoor Garden FountainAttraction Simple Garden Decor: Outdoor Garden Fountain 941411432128014279.jpg Nowadays you can just place your garden water fountain close to a wall since they no longer need to be hooked to a pond. Due to the various options available, it no longer necessary to contend with excavations, difficult installations or cleaning the pond. Due to its self-contained quality, this fountain no longer requires plumbing work. Adding water on a frequent} basis is essential, however. Remove the water from the basin and place clean water in its place when you see that the space is unclean.

Outdoor wall fountains come in many different materials, but they are usually made of stone and metal. The most suitable material for your water feature depends entirely on the style you choose. The best designs for your outdoor wall fountain are those which are hand-crafted, simple to put up and not too heavy to hang. The fountain you choose must be easy to maintain as well. In general, most installations are straight forward since the only parts which may require scrutiny are the re-circulating pump and the hanging hardware whereas other kinds of setups can be a bit more difficult. It is very simple to spruce up your yard with these kinds of fountains.

The Understated Charm of the Outdoor Wall Fountain

The Understated Charm of the Outdoor Wall Fountain Introducing a wall fountain as a decoration element will make a good impression on your family and friends.Understated Charm Outdoor Wall Fountain 642718635842279.jpg Your wall water feature will not only add style to your living area but also provide relaxing background sounds. Think of the positive impact it will have on guests when they experience its wondrous sights and sounds.

A wall fountain can add a great deal of beauty, even to today's living areas. Stainless steel or glass are two of the materials used to make modern-day types which add a trendy element to your room decoration. Is the floor space in your residence or workplace scarce? The perfect alternative for you is a wall water fountain. Since they are installed on a wall you can save your priceless real estate for something else. Busy entryways in commercial buildings are often adorned with one of these kinds of fountains. Wall fountains can be set up outdoors as well. Fiberglass or resin wall water features can be placed outside. Spruce up your patio, courtyard, or other exterior areas with a water fountain made of these water-resistant materials.

There is wide array of distinctive styles in wall fountains running from the contemporary to classic and rustic. You can choose the best style based upon your personal style. A mountain lodge might require a traditional material such as slate whereas a high rise apartment might require sleek glass to liven up the interior space. Your own decoration plans determine the material you select. Fountains are features which most certainly impress folks who visit your home.

Exterior Fountains Come in Lots of Shapes and Sizes

Exterior Fountains Come in Lots of Shapes and Sizes Have you ever considered converting your garden into a haven of tranquility? The comforting feeling provided by outdoor fountains is just one of the benefits of installing a water feature in your garden.Exterior Fountains Come Lots Shapes Sizes 720086972.jpg

A striking impact is produced when a spouting fountain sends a shooting stream of water up into the air. If your pond is significantly big, it can be incorporated without hassle. These sorts of fountains are often found in parks or historical manor homes.

One of the many examples of an outdoor water feature is a chic wall fountain. Even with a smallish yard, it is feasible to add one of these water features. Wall fountains are not flamboyant water features when compared with a spouting fountain. It is straightforward process wherein a small jet of water pours outwards in front of a beautifully textured wall and then flows down only to be pumped up again.

Themed fountains are perfect when the style of your yard allows for them. If your cottage or garden is styled in a rustic manner, you should think about adding a traditional type of statue, such as a seraph holding the spout, to your fountain. On the other hand, a more modern garden can include more of a bold design. Just let your creativity to run loose.

Water streams down several levels in a tiered fountain. Water streaming down multiple levels of this water feature is the primary characteristic of a cascading fountain.

A substantial amount of space is needed for an outdoor fountain, so another alternative is to install a wall fountain or a pondless fountain. These types of water features are suitable for an area with limited space because their reservoirs are hidden underground.

Tranquility and well-being are some of the chief sensations imparted by Japanese fountains. Bamboo sticks act as the tubing from which water flows in these kinds of water features. A rustic bucket or shaped stone is situated at the bottom of this feature to collect the flowing water only to have the cycle repeated over and over again.

One of the many designs of fountain around is the glass fountain. A more vintage look is provided by trellis-style fountains which showcase shaped metalwork. Water features such as these are ideal for yards with many sharp corners as well as modern forms and designs. The flowing water produces a striking effect as it moves down the glass panels. Some fountains also include colorful LED lights to shine onto the sheets of glass as water cascades downwards. The jagged surface of rock waterfall fountain makes for an appealing façade as the water gently trickles downwards.

The characteristic which distinguishes a bubbling rock fountain is a large rock drilled with holes where pipes can be inserted into its center. Low pressure is used to spout out the water which then bubbles and gurgles at the top. Flowing towards the base of the fountain, the water returns as a slow drizzle down the sides of the rock. This is yet another solution for gardens with limited space. To guarantee that water is not sprayed around if it begins to get windy, this kind of fountain is the best choice since it only uses low pressure to move water.

Solar fountains have recently gained in popularity because they are powered by the sun. There are numerous reasons for this newly found interest such as the absence of cables, less difficulty in running them, a reduction in electricity bills, and the advantages to the environment. You will not have to concede on style since there is a wide selection of designs to choose from in outdoor solar-powered fountains.

The Benefits of Installing an Indoor Wall Water Fountain Add an ornamental and modern touch to your home by installing an indoor wall water element.Installing this kind of fountain in your home or office permits you to create a place for your loved ones and clients where there is little noise as well as minimal stress and maximum relaxation.... read more


Outdoor Garden Fountain Builders Through History Multi-talented people, fountain designers from the 16th to the late 18th century often functioned as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and highly educated scholars all in one.... read more


An Short Guide to Herbs in The Garden An Overview of Containers Gardening & Herbs.You'll receive instant gratification when you grow herbal plants in the garden as they can be included in preparing sauces, soups, marinades and a range of other recipes.... read more


The Advantages of Solar Energy Powered Outdoor Fountains There are many different energy options you can use for your garden wall fountain.While electricity has been used up to now to run them, there has been renewed interest in eco-friendly solar powered versions.... read more


From Where Did Water Fountains Emerge? Himself a learned man, Pope Nicholas V headed the Roman Catholic Church from 1397 till 1455 and was responsible for the translation of scores of age-old documents from their original Greek into Latin.... read more