Original Water Supply Techniques in Rome

Original Water Supply Techniques in Rome Prior to 273, when the 1st elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was constructed in Rome, residents who lived on hillsides had to travel even further down to get their water from natural sources. When aqueducts or springs weren’t available, people living at higher elevations turned to water removed from underground or rainwater, which was made possible by wells and cisterns. Starting in the sixteenth century, a brand new method was introduced, using Acqua Vergine’s subterranean sectors to provide water to Pincian Hill. As originally constructed, the aqueduct was provided along the length of its channel with pozzi (manholes) constructed at regular intervals. Even though they were originally planned to make it possible to support the aqueduct, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi started using the manholes to collect water from the channel, opening when he bought the property in 1543. Reportedly, the rainwater cistern on his property wasn’t adequate to fulfill his needs. Through an orifice to the aqueduct that flowed underneath his property, he was in a position to meet his water desires.

Did You Know How Mechanical Concepts of Fountains Became Known?

Did You Know How Mechanical Concepts of Fountains Became Known? Contributing to the advancement of scientific technology were the published papers and illustrated publications of the time. They were also the primary means of transmitting practical hydraulic ideas and fountain design ideas all through Europe.Know Mechanical  Concepts Fountains Became Known? 4690782255708124.jpg An unnamed French fountain engineer came to be an globally celebrated hydraulic leader in the later part of the 1500's. With imperial mandates in Brussels, London and Germany, he started his work in Italy, acquiring experience in garden design and grottoes with integrated and ingenious water hydraulics. He wrote a publication titled “The Principles of Moving Forces” toward the end of his lifetime while in France that became the basic text on hydraulic technology and engineering. Explaining modern hydraulic systems, the book furthermore updated key hydraulic developments of classical antiquity. Notable among these works were those of Archimedes, the creator of the water screw, a mechanized method of moving water. Natural light heated up the liquid in a pair of hidden containers adjoining to the beautiful water feature were shown in an illustration. The heated liquid expands and subsequently rises and closes the water lines thereby triggering the water fountain. Models for pumps, water wheels, water features and garden ponds are also included in the publication.

Your Herb Container Garden: An Introduction

Your Herb Container Garden: An Introduction An Introduction to Containers Gardening & Herbal Plants. You'll obtain immediate gratification when you grow herbal plants in the garden as they can be included in preparing sauces, soups, marinades and a number of other recipes.Herb Container Garden: Introduction 89905228.jpg Herbs are very simple to manage and often do not necessitate daily care, but even better you can move these plants in the house with the pots to guarantee they are going to be able to endure the winter weather that often tends to be cold and dangerous for all plants. You can include a lot of things in your landscape, including perennial herbs especially because they don't need replanting at the close of the year and do not die easily. Your flavor and texture preferences in preparing food with herbs are key considerations in deciding which herbs to grow. It is important to plant herbs that you will use. If you love to cook Latin food, you will definitely use cilantro. If you like Italian food, you should decide to plant basil, oregano, and thyme. You must decide where your herb garden will be placed in order to decide which herbs will mature best. If you live in a mild climate, with warm winters and relatively cool summers, it may be easiest to plant straight into the ground. This makes your yard look striking without the trouble of making or buying planters. There is practically nothing you can do to get away from harsh weather conditions that might affect your plants. However, there is hope because planters can be transported indoors whenever there's bad weather outdoors so they are flexible and practical for your herbs.

The Beginnings of Contemporary Outdoor Wall Fountains

The Beginnings of Contemporary Outdoor Wall Fountains Himself a highly educated man, Pope Nicholas V led the Roman Catholic Church from 1397 till 1455 and was responsible for the translation of scores of age-old documents from their original Greek into Latin. Beautifying Rome and making it the worthy capital of the Christian world was at the heart of his objectives. At the behest of the Pope, the Aqua Vergine, a damaged aqueduct which had carried clean drinking water into Rome from eight miles away, was reconditioned starting in 1453. Building a mostra, a grandiose commemorative fountain built by ancient Romans to memorialize the arrival point of an aqueduct, was a tradition revived by Nicholas V.Beginnings Contemporary Outdoor Wall Fountains 7130259097877470.jpg At the behest of the Pope, architect Leon Battista Alberti began the construction of a wall fountain in the spot where we now find the Trevi Fountain. Adjustments and extensions, included in the repaired aqueduct, eventually provided the Trevi Fountain and the well-known baroque fountains in the Piazza del Popolo and Piazza Navona with the necessary water supply.

The Positive Benefits of Adding a Fountain in Your Living Space

The Positive Benefits of Adding a Fountain in Your Living Space A good way to enhance the look of your outdoor living area is to add a wall fountain or an exterior garden fountain to your landscaping or garden design. A myriad of current designers and fountain artisans have found ideas in the fountains and water features of the past. You can also strengthen the link to the past by including one of these to your home's interior design. Among the many properties of these beautiful garden fountains is the water and moisture they release into the air which attracts birds and other wild life as well as helps to balance the ecosystem. For example, birds lured by a fountain or birdbath can be helpful because they fend off annoying flying insects.

Wall fountains are a good option if your yard is small because they do not require much space in contrast to a spouting or cascading fountain. There are two types of fountains to pick from including the freestanding model with a flat back and an attached basin set up against a fence or a wall in your yard, or the wall-mounted, self-contained version which is hung directly on a wall. Adding a fountain to an existing wall requires that you include a fountain mask as well as a basin at the bottom to collect the water. It is best not to attempt this job on your own as professional plumbers and masons are best suited to do this kind of work.

Backyard Fountains A Definition

Backyard Fountains A Definition The movement of water streaming in or through a large feature is what identifies of a water feature. There is an extensive array of such features going from something as simple as a hanging wall fountain or as complex as a courtyard tiered fountain.Backyard Fountains  Definition 0429557981494798.jpg The versatility of this feature is practical due to the fact that it can be situated inside or outdoors. Ponds and pools are also considered water elements.

Living areas including extensive yards, yoga studios, relaxing verandas, apartment balconies, or office settings are great spots to add a water feature such as a garden wall fountain. You can relax to the gently flowing water in your fountain and satisfy your senses of sight and sound. With their aesthetically pleasing shape you can also use them to enhance the decor in your home or other living space. Gently moving water not only results in a feeling of peace, it also masks bothersome noises and produces an enchanting water show.

Gorgeous Wall Fountains

Gorgeous Wall Fountains A wall fountain can be an important design element in your house or office, enough so that it makes a good impression on your family and friends alike. Having a wall water feature in your daily life not only stimulates the eyes with its splendor but also your ears with the soothing background sounds it produces. In order to leave a lasting memory on your visitors, share the beauty and delicate sounds of your water feature with them.Gorgeous Wall Fountains 01984639599278.jpg

Even a living space with a modern-day design can be improved with a wall fountain. If you wish to enhance your modern-day decor, think about adding one made of stainless steel or glass. Does your home or business have a small amount of space? A wall water fountain might be the best solution for you. Since they are hung on a wall you can save your invaluable real estate for something else. Corporate buildings with busy lobbies generally have one of these fountains. Indoor spaces are not the only places to install a wall fountain, however. Fiberglass and resin are good materials to use for outdoor wall water features. Courtyards, terraces, or other outdoor spaces needing a stylish touch should include a water fountain made of one of these weather-proof materials.

There is wide array of distinctive styles in wall fountains ranging from the modern to classic and rustic. Your design ideas determine the most appropriate kind for your needs. A mountain lodge might require a classic material such as slate whereas a high rise apartment might require sleek glass to liven up the interior space. You can choose the material most suited to your needs. There is no questioning the fact that fountains are features which enchant visitors and add to your quality of life.

The Grace of Simple Garden Decor: The Garden Wall Fountain

The Grace of Simple Garden Decor: The Garden Wall Fountain Nowadays you can just put your garden water fountain close to a wall since they no longer need to be hooked to a pond. Nowadays, you can do away with digging, difficult installations and cleaning the pond. Plumbing is no longer necessary since this feature in now self-contained. All the same, water needs to be added consistently. Empty the water from the basin and add clean water whenever the surrounding area is not clean.

Garden wall fountains come in lots of different materials, but they are usually made of stone and metal. The style you are looking for dictates which material is best suited to meet your needs. It is important to buy hand-crafted, light garden wall fountains which are also easy to hang. Moreover, be certain to purchase a fountain which necessitates little maintenance. The re-circulating pump and hanging hardware are usually the only parts which need extra care in most installations, although there may be some cases in which the installation is a bit more complicated.Grace Simple Garden Decor: Garden Wall Fountain 5672248281.jpg It is very easy to liven up your yard with these styles of fountains.

Interior Wall Water Features are Great for Home or Workplace

Interior Wall Water Features are Great for Home or Workplace One way to enhance your home with a modern style is by adding an indoor wall fountain to your living area. Installing this kind of fountain in your home or office permits you to create a place for your loved ones and clientele where there is little noise as well as minimal stress and maximum relaxation. An indoor wall water feature such as this will also draw the recognition and appreciation of employees and customers alike.Interior Wall Water Features Great Home Workplace 71867598235.jpg All those who come close to your indoor water feature will be fascinated and even your loudest detractor will be dazzled.

While sitting underneath your wall fountain you can delight in the serenity it provides after a long day's work and enjoy watching your favorite sporting event. All those near an indoor fountain will benefit from it because its sounds emit negative ions, remove dust and allergens from the air, and also lend to a soothing environment.

Keeping Your Garden Wall Fountain Clean

Keeping Your Garden Wall Fountain CleanKeeping Garden Wall Fountain Clean 465700393586.jpg Proper care and regular upkeep are important to the longevity of water fountains. It is essential to clean it out and get rid of any debris or foreign objects that might have fallen into or onto it. Also, algae has a tendency to build up wherever natural light meets water. To stay clear of this, there are some basic ingredients that can be mixed into the water, such as vinegar, sea salt, or hydrogen peroxide. There are those who choose to use bleach, but that is hazardous to any animals that might drink or bathe in the water - so should therefore be avoided.

Experts advise that the typical garden fountain undergoes a thorough cleaning every 3-4 months. Before you start cleaning, all the water must be removed. Then use a soft rag and gentle cleanser to scrub the inside. If there are any small grooves, grab a toothbrush to get each and every spot. Any soap residue that remains on your fountain can harm it, so be sure it is all rinsed off.

Numerous organisms and calcium deposits may get inside the pump, so it is recommended to take it apart and clean it completely. To make it less difficult, soak it in vinegar for several hours before cleaning. Mineral or rain water, versus tap water, is ideal in order to avoid any build-up of chemicals inside the pump.

And finally, make sure the water level is always full in order to keep your fountain operating optimally. Allowing the water level to get too low can cause damage to the pump - and you certainly do not want that!

The Outcome of the Norman Conquest on Anglo-Saxon Gardens

The Outcome of the Norman Conquest on Anglo-Saxon Gardens The arrival of the Normans in the second half of the eleventh century irreparably transformed The Anglo-Saxon lifestyle. At the time of the conquest, the Normans surpassed the Anglo-Saxons in building design and cultivation.Outcome Norman Conquest Anglo-Saxon Gardens 92636833039034.jpg However, there was no time for home life, domestic design, and adornment until the Normans had conquered the whole realm. Monasteries and castles served different purposes, so while monasteries were large stone structures assembled in only the most fruitful, wide dales, castles were set upon blustery knolls where the people focused on understanding offensive and defensive techniques. The serene practice of gardening was unlikely in these bleak bastions. The best example of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture existent today is Berkeley Castle. The keep is said to date from the time of William the Conqueror. An enormous terrace encompasses the building, serving as an impediment to assailants attempting to excavate under the castle walls. One of these terraces, a charming bowling green, is covered grass and flanked by an ancient yew hedge cut into the figure of crude battlements.

Can Outdoor Garden Fountains Help Detoxify The Air?

Can Outdoor Garden Fountains Help Detoxify The Air?Can Outdoor Garden Fountains Help Detoxify Air? 745783782987577931.jpg You can liven up your environment by adding an indoor wall fountain. Pleasant to the senses and advantageous to your well-being, these indoor features are an excellent addition to your home. The research behind this theory endorses the idea that water fountains can positively affect your health. Water features generally generate negative ions which are then counterbalanced by the positive ions produced by contemporary conveniences. When positive ions overtake negative ones, this results in greater mental and physical health. You can become more alert, calm and lively due to an increase in the serotonin levels resulting from these types of features. The negative ions emitted by indoor wall fountains promote a better mood as well as remove air impurities from your home. In order to rid yourself of allergies, impurities in the air and other annoyances, be sure to install one of these. And finally, water fountains are excellent at absorbing dust and microbes floating in the air and as a result in improving your general health.

A Small Garden Space? You Can Own a Water Feature too!

A Small Garden Space? You Can Own a Water Feature too! Since water is reflective, it has the effect of making a small spot appear larger than it is. In order to attain the maximum reflective properties of a water feature or fountain, it is best to use dark materials. If your purpose is to showcase your new feature at night, underwater lights in varied colors and shapes will do the trick. Eco-lights powered by sunlight can be used during the day whereas you can use lights to jazz up your garden at night. Natural treatments use them because they release a soothing effect which helps to relieve stress as well as anxiety.

Your backyard vegetation is a fantastic place to blend in your water feature. Your pond, artificial waterway, or fountain is the perfect feature to draw people’s interest. Examples of areas where you can install a water element include large lawns or small patios. The right accessories and the best location for it are worthwhile if you want to enhance the atmosphere.

Outdoor Fountains: The Minoan Civilization

Outdoor Fountains: Minoan Civilization 4686509229.jpg Outdoor Fountains: The Minoan Civilization A variety of kinds of conduits have been uncovered through archaeological excavations on the isle of Crete, the cradle of Minoan society. These were made use of to supply cities with water as well as to minimize flooding and get rid of waste material. Stone and terracotta were the elements of choice for these conduits. When made from terracotta, they were usually in the form of canals and circular or rectangular piping. There are two good examples of Minoan terracotta conduits, those with a shortened cone form and a U-shape that have not been caught in any society since. Terracotta pipelines were put down under the floor surfaces at Knossos Palace and used to move water. The terracotta conduits were furthermore made use of for gathering and holding water. These clay pipelines were essential to perform: Underground Water Transportation: the concealed setup for water distribution could possibly have been employed to give water to certain people or activities. Quality Water Transportation: Many scholars think that these pipes were employed to develop a separate distribution process for the palace.

Your Outdoor Water fountain: Upkeep & Routine Service

Your Outdoor Water fountain: Upkeep & Routine Service Installing an outdoor wall fountain requires that you take into account the dimensions of the space where you are going to place it. It will need a solid wall to support its total weight. Also keep in mind that small areas or walls will need to have a lightweight fountain.Outdoor Water fountain: Upkeep & Routine Service 2538328258092284626.jpg In order for the fountain to have power, a nearby electrical outlet is needed. There are many different styles of fountains, each with their own set of simple, step-by-step directions.

All you will require to correctly install your outdoor wall fountain is normally provided in easy-to-use kits. The kit provides a submersible pump, hoses as well as the basin, or reservoir. The basin can typically be concealed among your garden plants if it is not too large. Once your wall fountain is in place, all that is required is regular cleaning and some light maintenance.

Replace the water frequently so it is always clean. It is important to promptly clear away debris such as leaves, twigs or other dreck. In addition, your outdoor wall fountain should not be exposed to freezing winter weather. In order to avoid any damage, such as cracking, from freezing water during the cold winter season, relocate your pump inside. Simply put, your outdoor fountain will be around for many years to come with the correct care and maintenance.

Contemporary Garden Decoration: Large Outdoor Water Fountains and their Beginnings

Contemporary Garden Decoration: Large Outdoor Water Fountains and their Beginnings A fountain, an incredible piece of engineering, not only supplies drinking water as it pours into a basin, it can also propel water high into the air for an extraordinary effect.

Pure functionality was the original role of fountains. Residents of cities, townships and small towns used them as a source of drinking water and a place to wash, which meant that fountains had to be connected to nearby aqueduct or spring.Contemporary Garden Decoration: Large Outdoor Water Fountains Beginnings 4084362326316471839.jpg Until the late nineteenth, century most water fountains operated using gravity to allow water to flow or jet into the air, therefore, they needed a supply of water such as a reservoir or aqueduct located higher than the fountain. Serving as an element of adornment and celebration, fountains also supplied clean, fresh drinking water. Roman fountains often depicted imagery of animals or heroes made of bronze or stone masks. To depict the gardens of paradise, Muslim and Moorish garden planners of the Middle Ages introduced fountains to their designs. The fountains seen in the Gardens of Versailles were supposed to show the power over nature held by King Louis XIV of France. Seventeen and 18 century Popes sought to laud their positions by including decorative baroque-style fountains at the point where restored Roman aqueducts arrived into the city.

The end of the 19th century saw the increase in usage of indoor plumbing to provide drinking water, so urban fountains were relegated to strictly decorative elements. Fountains using mechanical pumps instead of gravity allowed fountains to deliver recycled water into living spaces as well as create unique water effects.

Contemporary fountains are used to embellish community spaces, honor individuals or events, and enhance recreational and entertainment events.

Find Serenity with Outdoor Fountains Simply having water in your garden can have a considerable effect on your health.The loud noises in your neighborhood can be masked by the soft sounds of a fountain.... read more


Bernini: The Master of Italy's Most Impressive Water Fountains The Barcaccia, Bernini's first fountain, is a magnificent chef d'oeuvre built at the foot of the Trinita dei Monti in Piaza di Spagna.To this day, you will see Roman residents and vacation goers filling this spot to revel in chit chatter and being among other people.... read more


The Outdoor Fountains Water fountains were at first practical in purpose, used to deliver water from canals or springs to cities and hamlets, providing the inhabitants with fresh water to drink, bathe, and prepare food with.... read more


Keeping Your Landscape Fountain Tidy Water fountains will keep working a long time with routine cleaning and maintenance.Leaves, twigs, and insects often find their way into fountains, so it is vital to keep yours free from such things.... read more


The First Documented Water Features of History As originally developed, fountains were crafted to be functional, directing water from streams or reservoirs to the residents of towns and settlements, where the water could be used for cooking food, cleaning, and drinking.... read more


What Are Outdoor Garden Fountains Manufactured From? Though they come in various materials, today’s garden fountains tend to be made of metal.Metallic models offer clean lines and unique sculptural accents and will fit in with nearly any decorative style and budget.... read more


"Primitive" Greek Artwork: Large Statuary Up until the Archaic Greeks developed the 1st freestanding statuary, a noteworthy triumph, carvings had primarily been done in walls and pillars as reliefs.Most of these freestanding sculptures were what is known as kouros figures, statues of young, attractive male or female (kore) Greeks.... read more


The Hellenic Republic: Cultural Statues A good number of sculptors were paid by the temples to adorn the elaborate columns and archways with renderings of the gods right up until the stage came to a close and countless Greeks began to think of their religion as superstitious rather than sacred, when it became more typical for sculptors to represent everyday people as well.... read more