Bernini: The Genius Behind Italy's Most Impressive Fountains

Bernini: The Genius Behind Italy's Most Impressive Fountains The Barcaccia, Bernini's very first water fountain, is a striking chef d'oeuvre built at the base of the Trinita dei Monti in Piaza di Spagna. Roman locals and site seers who enjoy conversation as well as being the company of others still flood this spot. Bernini would undoubtedly have been happy to know that people still flock to what has become one the city's trendiest areas, that surrounding his amazing fountain.Bernini: Genius Behind Italy's Impressive Fountains 56779987348.jpg The master's first fountain of his career was built at around 1630 at the request of Pope Urbano VIII. An enormous vessel slowly sinking into the Mediterranean is the fountain's central theme. According to 16th century texts, a great flood of the Tevere covered the entire area in water, an event which was commemorated by the tremendous fountain. Absenting himself from Italy only once in his life for a long-lasting period of time, in 1665 Bernini voyaged to France.

Archaic Greek Artistry: Large Statuary

Archaic Greek Artistry: Large Statuary The first freestanding sculpture was designed by the Archaic Greeks, a recognized achievement since until then the sole carvings in existence were reliefs cut into walls and columns.Archaic Greek Artistry: Large Statuary 3757646695.jpg Most of these freestanding sculptures were what is known as kouros figures, statues of young, attractive male or female (kore) Greeks. Considered by Greeks to represent skin care, the kouroi were created into inflexible, forward facing positions with one foot outstretched, and the male statues were usually nude, brawny, and fit. Around 650 BC, life-sized variations of the kouroi began to be seen. A huge era of modification for the Greeks, the Archaic period helped bring about newer forms of state, expressions of artwork, and a higher comprehension of people and customs outside of Greece. But in spite of the disputes, the Greek civilization continued to progress, unabated.

Exterior Water Features Come in Lots of Forms and Sizes

Exterior Water Features Come in Lots of Forms and Sizes Have you ever considered converting your garden into an oasis of tranquility? Integrating a fountain into your yard provides tranquility as well as a variety of beneficial effects that come with having a water feature.

The beauty of a spouting fountain can be seen when it sends a stream of shooting water into the air. Sizable, preexisting ponds can effortlessly be fitted with one of these. You can find these in community recreational areas or old mansions.

One of the myriad examples of an outdoor water feature is a stylish wall fountain. These types of fountains make great water features even if you only have a small garden.Exterior Water Features Come Lots Forms Sizes 1390774762333646464.jpg Whereas spouting fountains leave behind an impressive effect, wall fountains are more understated water features. In this straightforward process, water is ejected from a little spout, goes down a beautifully textured wall, before being collected at the bottom and returned to the top once again.

Installing a fountain with a theme depends completely on the layout of your garden. If your cottage or garden is styled in a rustic manner, you should consider including a classic type of statue, such as a seraph holding the spout, to your fountain. Something special and striking could be an option for more modern gardens. Let your creativity run free to decide on the best option.

The main characteristic of tiered fountains is the numerous levels spewing out water. Cascading fountains is another name used to identify this type of fountain because water streams down multiple levels.

The space necessary for an outdoor fountain can be extensive, therefore, a better solution is to install a wall fountain or a pondless fountain. These types of water features are ideal for an area with limited space because their reservoirs are hidden underground.

Japanese fountains are believed to impart a feeling of tranquility and well-being. Bamboo sticks are used in this sort of fountain to expel the water. The cycle of water flowing into a rustic-styled bucket or a shaped stone repeats itself again and again.

One of the many designs of fountain around is the glass fountain. A more traditional look is provided by trellis-style fountains which showcase shaped metalwork. Water features of this kind are an excellent option for gardens with many sharp edges as well as contemporary forms and design. The water produces a dazzling effect when it streams down the outside of the glass. In some instances, the water is colored by LED lights as it flows over the glass panels. A rock waterfall fountain (often made of imitation rock) showcases water softly flowing down its façade.

The feature which differentiates a bubbling rock fountain is a large rock drilled with holes where pipes can be inserted into its center. In this kind of fountain, water is pushed upwards at low pressure to cause it to bubble and gurgle at the top. The water returns gently dripping down the sides of the rock to get to its starting point. Small gardens are ideal for this sort of fountain. This sort of fountain, which uses low pressure to move water, is perfect because it prevents water from being sprayed around in breezy weather.

Powered by sunlight, solar fountains are growing to be increasingly trendy. The lack of cables, the decreased difficulty in managing them, the lower energy bills, and the benefits to our ecosystem are just some of the reasons for this increased interest. Outdoor solar-powered fountains are available in myriad varying styles, therefore, you will not have to compromise on which one to purchase.

Fountain Designers Through History

Fountain Designers Through HistoryFountain Designers History 01984639599278.jpg Multi-talented individuals, fountain artists from the 16th to the late 18th century typically served as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one person. Leonardo da Vinci, a Renaissance artist, was celebrated as an inspired genius, inventor and scientific virtuoso. The forces of nature inspired him to explore the qualities and motion of water, and due to his curiosity, he systematically documented his observations in his now famed notebooks. Combining inventiveness with hydraulic and horticultural talent, early Italian water feature designers transformed private villa settings into amazing water displays complete of symbolic implications and natural wonder. The humanist Pirro Ligorio, distinguished for his virtuosity in archeology, architecture and garden design, delivered the vision behind the wonders in Tivoli. Masterminding the excellent water marbles, water features and water antics for the various properties in the vicinity of Florence, some other water fountain builders were well versed in humanist topics and ancient scientific texts.

The Myriad Styles of Wall Water Fountains

The Myriad Styles of Wall Water Fountains Wall fountains are well suited to little verandas or yards because they do not require too much space while also adding a touch of flair and providing a great place to find peace and quiet. Whatever style of outdoor wall fountain you are searching for whether it be traditional, modern, classic, or Asian you will undoubtedly find the one you like most.Myriad  Styles Wall Water Fountains 30579442.jpg Your preferences dictate the type you buy so while there may not be a prefabricated fountain to suit you, you do have the option of having a customized one.

There are two specific styles of fountains you can buy: mounted and stand-alone. Small, self-contained models can be hung on a wall are known as mounted wall fountains. Wall fountains made of resin ( similar to stone) or fiberglass are usually lightweight so they can be easily hung. In large stand-alone fountains, otherwise referred to as wall fountains, the basin is set on the ground with the smooth side positioned against a wall. Typically constructed of cast stone, this type of water feature is not restricted in weight.

Many skilled landscapers favor custom-built fountains which can be incorporated into a brand-new wall or an existing one. A skilled mason is necessary to place the water basin against the wall and correctly install all the plumbing inside or behind the wall. The wall will have to have a spout or fountain mask built into it. A custom-made wall fountain blends into the landscape instead of standing out because it was a later addition, which adds to a unified appearance.

Bernini's Public Fountains

Bernini's Public Fountains There are numerous renowned water features in the city center of Rome. One of the greatest sculptors and artists of the 17th century, nearly all of them were planned, conceptualized and constructed by Gian Lorenzo Bernini. He was also a urban designer, in addition to his skills as a water feature developer, and records of his life's work are evident throughout the avenues of Rome. To totally express their skill, primarily in the form of community water features and water fountains, Bernini's father, a celebrated Florentine sculptor, guided his young son, and they ultimately relocated in Rome. An excellent employee, the young Bernini received praise and patronage of many popes and influential artists. At the beginning he was known for his sculptural skills. Most particularly in the Vatican, he utilized a base of expertise in classic Greek architecture and melded it seamlessly with Roman marble.Bernini's  Public Fountains 9312810610096485.jpg Although many artists had an influence on his work, Michelangelo had the most profound effect.

Classic Greece: The Inception of Garden Statue Design

Classic Greece: The Inception of Garden Statue Design Sculptors adorned the complex columns and archways with renderings of the greek gods until the period came to a close and more Greeks had begun to think of their religion as superstitious rather than sacred; at that point, it became more common for sculptors be paid to show ordinary individuals as well. Wealthy families would often times commission a rendering of their forefathers for their large familial burial tombs; portraiture additionally became prevalent and would be appropriated by the Romans upon their acquisition of Greek society.Classic Greece: Inception Garden Statue Design 069200779359.jpg During the many years of The Greek Classical period, a time of aesthetic progress, the use of sculpture and other art forms greatly improved, so it is erroneous to think that the arts delivered just one function. Whether to satisfy a visual craving or to celebrate the figures of religion, Greek sculpture was an innovative approach in the ancient world, which could be what draws our interest today.

The Countless Possibilities in Garden Wall Fountains

The Countless Possibilities in Garden Wall Fountains You can find tranquility and silence when you add a wall fountain in your backyard or patio. Even a little space can include a custom-made one. A spout, a water basin, internal piping, and a pump are necessary for freestanding as well as mounted types. Traditional, modern, antique, and Asian are just some of the styles from which you can choose.

Freestanding wall fountains, otherwise known as floor fountains, are noticeably big and feature a basin on the ground.

It is possible to integrate a wall-mounted water feature onto an already existent wall or built into a new wall. This style of fountain contributes to a cohesive look making it appear as if it was part of the landscape instead of an added feature.

Outdoor Wall Fountains: An Amazing Display

Outdoor Wall Fountains: An Amazing Display Your family and friends will appreciate the charm a wall fountain brings to your decor. The dazzling elegance a wall water feature contributes to any place is in addition to the soft background sounds it produces. You can leave an enduring impression on your guests with the visual grace and the inviting sounds of this sort of feature.

A wall fountain can add a great deal of beauty, even to modern living areas. If you want to accentuate your modern-day decor, think about adding one made of stainless steel or glass. Is space limited in your home or office? A wall water fountain might be the ideal solution for you. They take up no space since they are mounted on a wall. Busy entryways in commercial buildings are often adorned with one of these types of fountains. Inside spaces are not the only places to install a wall fountain, however. Fiberglass and resin are ideal materials to use for outside wall water features. Liven up your patio, courtyard, or other outdoor areas with a water fountain made of these weather-proof materials.

Wall fountains can be found in a variety of unique styles, ranging from ultra-sleek to traditional and rustic. You can choose the best style based upon your own tastes. A city dweller’s decor ideas might call for polished glass whereas a mountaineer might prefer a more traditional material such as slate for a mountain lodge. You can choose the material most appropriate to your needs. There is no doubting the fact that fountains are features which enchant visitors and add to your quality of life.

The Dissemination of Water Fountain Design Knowledge

The Dissemination of Water Fountain Design KnowledgeDissemination Water Fountain Design Knowledge 465700393586.jpg Throughout Europe, the chief means of dissiminating practical hydraulic understanding and fountain design suggestions were the circulated pamphlets and illustrated books of the day, which added to the advancement of scientific innovation. An un-named French fountain engineer was an internationally famed hydraulic leader in the later part of the 1500's. By designing landscapes and grottoes with built-in and amazing water attributes, he began his profession in Italy by getting Royal commissions in Brussels, London and Germany. In France, near the end of his lifetime, he penned “The Principle of Moving Forces”, a publication that turned into the fundamental text on hydraulic technology and engineering. Classical antiquity hydraulic breakthroughs were outlined as well as revisions to essential classical antiquity hydraulic discoveries in the publication. As a mechanical means to move water, Archimedes devised the water screw, fundamental among vital hydraulic breakthroughs. Sunlight heating liquid in a pair of containers unseen in a room next to an decorative water feature was presented in one illustration. The hot water expands and then ascends and shuts the water lines consequently activating the fountain. Yard ponds as well as pumps, water wheels, and water feature designs are talked about in the book.

A Chronicle of Outdoor Garden Fountains

A Chronicle of Outdoor Garden FountainsChronicle Outdoor Garden Fountains 258522507.jpg Himself a highly educated man, Pope Nicholas V led the Roman Catholic Church from 1397 till 1455 and was responsible for the translation of hundreds of ancient documents from their original Greek into Latin. Beautifying Rome and making it the worthy capital of the Christian world was at the heart of his objectives. Beginning in 1453, the ruined ancient Roman aqueduct known as the Aqua Vergine which had brought clean drinking water into the city from eight miles away, underwent reconstruction at the behest of the Pope. The historical Roman custom of marking the entry point of an aqueduct with an magnificent celebratory fountain, also known as a mostra, was restored by Nicholas V. The Trevi Fountain now occupies the space previously filled with a wall fountain built by Leon Battista Albert, an architect commissioned by the Pope. The Trevi Fountain as well as the well-known baroque fountains located in the Piazza del Popolo and the Piazza Navona were eventually supplied with water from the modified aqueduct he had rebuilt.

The One Cleaning Solution to NEVER Use On Your Garden Water fountains

One Cleaning Solution NEVER Use Garden Water fountains 860857280379081559.jpg The One Cleaning Solution to NEVER Use On Your Garden Water fountains It is essential to carefully maintain water fountains for them to perform optimally. Leaves, twigs, and bugs often find their way into fountains, so it is important to keep yours free from such things. On top of that, algae can be a concern, as sun hitting the water enables it to form easily. Either sea salt, hydrogen peroxide, or vinegar can be dissolved into the water to eliminate this issue. There are those who like to use bleach, but that is harmful to any animals that might drink or bathe in the water - so should therefore be avoided.

Experts recommend that the typical garden fountain undergoes a thorough cleaning every three-four months. Before you can start cleaning it you should drain out all of the water. Once it is empty, wash inside the reservoir with a mild cleanser. If there are any little grooves, work with a toothbrush to get each and every spot. Any soap residue remaining on your fountain can damage it, so be sure it is all rinsed off.

Numerous organisms and calcium deposits can get inside the pump, so it is recommended to take it apart and clean it thoroughly. Letting it soak in vinegar for several hours first will make it alot easier to clean. Build-up can be a big hassle, so use mineral or rain water over tap water, when possible, to prevent this dilemma.

Lastly, make sure your fountain is always full by looking at it every day - this will keep it in tip-top shape. If the water level slides below the pump’s intake level, it can damage the pump and cause it to burn out - something you do not want to happen!

Fountains: The Minoan Culture

Fountains: The Minoan Culture Archaeological excavations in Minoan Crete in Greece have revealed varied kinds of channels. These were used to furnish cities with water as well as to alleviate flooding and get rid of waste. Many were prepared from clay or even rock. Whenever terracotta was chosen, it was usually for canals as well as water pipes which came in rectangle-shaped or circular patterns. These incorporated cone-like and U-shaped clay water lines which were unique to the Minoans. Terracotta pipes were utilized to distribute water at Knossos Palace, running up to three meters directly below the floors. The piping also had other functions including gathering water and channeling it to a centralized location for storing. These terracotta pipes were used to perform: Underground Water Transportation: Originally this particular technique would seem to have been designed not for comfort but rather to supply water to chosen people or rituals without it being seen. Quality Water Transportation: Given the evidence, a number of historians suggest that these conduits were not attached to the popular water distribution process, providing the castle with water from a various source.

Find Serenity with Garden Water Features

Find Serenity with Garden Water Features You can find harmony and tranquility by just having water in your garden. The trickling sounds emerging from your fountain will be helpful in masking any unpleasant sounds in your neighborhood.Find  Serenity Garden Water Features 843147226515.jpg This is a place where you can relax and experience nature. Considered a great healing element, many water therapies use big bodies of water such as seas, oceans and rivers in their treatments. If you want a heavenly spot to go to relax your body and mind, get yourself a pond or water fountain.
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