Aqueducts: The Answer to Rome's Water Challenges

Aqueducts: The Answer to Rome's Water ChallengesAqueducts: Answer Rome's Water Challenges 0275845023833828.jpg Aqua Anio Vetus, the first raised aqueduct built in Rome, began providing the people living in the hills with water in 273 BC, although they had relied on natural springs up until then. If residents living at higher elevations did not have accessibility to springs or the aqueduct, they’d have to depend on the other existing techniques of the day, cisterns that compiled rainwater from the sky and subterranean wells that received the water from below ground. Beginning in the sixteenth century, a unique strategy was introduced, using Acqua Vergine’s subterranean portions to provide water to Pincian Hill. Throughout the time of its initial building and construction, pozzi (or manholes) were located at set intervals along the aqueduct’s channel. During the some nine years he had the residential property, from 1543 to 1552, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi made use of these manholes to take water from the channel in containers, though they were previously designed for the intent of maintaining and maintenance the aqueduct. It seems that, the rainwater cistern on his property wasn’t good enough to fulfill his needs. To give himself with a much more effective system to gather water, he had one of the manholes exposed, providing him access to the aqueduct below his residence.

Outdoor Elegance: Outdoor Water fountains

Outdoor Elegance: Outdoor Water fountains It is also feasible to place your exterior water fountain near a wall since they do not need to be hooked to a nearby pond.Outdoor Elegance: Outdoor Water fountains 057560198449128259.jpg Nowadays, you can eliminate excavations, complicated installations and cleaning the pond. Due to its self-contained quality, this feature no longer needs plumbing work. Regularly adding water is the only necessity. Clear away the water from the basin and place clear water in its place when you see that the area is grimy.

Stone and metal are most prevalent elements used to construct garden wall fountains even though they can be made of other materials as well. The most appropriate material for your water feature depends completely on the style you choose. The best styles for your outdoor wall fountain are those which are hand-crafted, easy to put up and not too big to hang. Ensure that your water feature is manageable as far as upkeep is concerned. While there may be some instances in which the setup needs a bit more care, generally the majority require a minimal amount of work to install since the only two parts which demand scrutiny are the re-circulating pump and the hanging equipment. It is very simple to liven up your garden with these types of fountains.

The Multiple Kinds of Wall Water Fountains

The Multiple Kinds of Wall Water Fountains Having a wall fountain in your garden or on a terrace is excellent when you seek to relax. You can have one made to suit your specifications even if you have a minimum amount of space. A spout, a water basin, internal piping, and a pump are necessary for freestanding as well as mounted varieties.Multiple Kinds Wall Water Fountains 799850605020054198.jpg There are any variety of models to pick from most notably traditional, contemporary, classic, or Asian.

With its basin laid on the ground, freestanding wall fountains, or floor fountains, are generally quite big in size.

You can choose to put your wall-mounted fountain on an existing wall or build it into a new wall. The appearance of your landscape will seem more cohesive instead of disjointed when you install this kind of fountain.

Find Serenity with Outdoor Water Features

Find Serenity with Outdoor Water Features Your mood is positively influenced by having water in your yard.Find  Serenity Outdoor Water Features 88669739757.jpg The noise in your community can be masked by the delicate sounds of a fountain. Consider this the place where can you go to recreate yourself and become one with nature. Bodies of water such as seas, oceans and rivers are commonly used in water therapies, as they are considered therapeutic. Create the perfect sanctuary for your body and mind and get a fountain or pond today!

Bernini's Earliest Showpieces

Bernini's Earliest Showpieces Bernini's earliest water fountain, named Barcaccia, is a breath taking work of art found at the foot of the Trinita dei Monti in Piaza di Spagna.Bernini's Earliest Showpieces 20188873440.jpg Roman locals and site seers who appreciate conversation as well as being the company of others still go to this spot. The streets neighboring his fountain have come to be one of the city’s most trendy gathering places, something which would certainly have pleased Bernini himself. Dating back to around 1630, Pope Urbano VIII commissioned what was to be the earliest water fountain of the master's career. A large ship slowly sinking into the Mediterranean is the fountain's central theme. Period reports dating back to the 16th century indicate that the fountain was built as a memorial to those who lost their lives in the great flooding of the Tevere. In what became his one and only extended absence from Italy, Bernini {journeyed | traveled] to France in 1665.

Creators of the First Water Features

Creators of the First Water FeaturesCreators First Water Features 165466567098.jpg Frequently serving as architects, sculptors, designers, engineers and discerning scholars, all in one, fountain creators were multi-talented individuals from the 16th to the late 18th century. Leonardo da Vinci, a Renaissance artist, was notable as a inventive intellect, inventor and scientific expert. With his tremendous fascination concerning the forces of nature, he investigated the characteristics and mobility of water and also methodically documented his observations in his now recognized notebooks. Innovative water exhibits packed of symbolic significance and natural beauty changed private villa settings when early Italian water feature designers fused resourcefulness with hydraulic and gardening abilities. The brilliance in Tivoli were developed by the humanist Pirro Ligorio, who was famed for his skill in archeology, engineering and garden design. Masterminding the phenomenal water marbles, water attributes and water pranks for the various estates near Florence, other water feature builders were well versed in humanist subjects and ancient technical texts.

Public Fountains Recorded by History

Public Fountains Recorded by History As initially conceived, water fountains were crafted to be practical, guiding water from streams or aqueducts to the inhabitants of cities and villages, where the water could be used for cooking, cleaning, and drinking. To make water flow through a fountain until the later part of the 1800’s, and generate a jet of water, required gravity and a water source such as a creek or lake, positioned higher than the fountain. Inspirational and spectacular, big water fountains have been crafted as monuments in most civilizations. When you encounter a fountain today, that is definitely not what the 1st water fountains looked like. A stone basin, crafted from rock, was the very first fountain, utilized for containing water for drinking and religious purposes. 2000 BC is when the earliest identified stone fountain basins were used. The force of gravity was the power source that operated the earliest water fountains. These ancient fountains were built to be functional, often situated along aqueducts, streams and rivers to provide drinking water. Fountains with flowery decoration began to appear in Rome in about 6 BC, normally gods and animals, made with natural stone or copper-base alloy. A well-designed system of reservoirs and aqueducts kept Rome's public fountains supplied with fresh water.

The Many Types of Outdoor Fountains

The Many Types of Outdoor Fountains Is it possible for you to convert your garden into a haven of serenity?Many  Types Outdoor Fountains 00608031895289968076.jpg You can benefit from a water feature by adding an outdoor fountain to your backyard and creating a place of tranquility.

A eye-catching impact is made when a spouting fountain sends a shooting stream of water high into the air. It is feasible to have one of these installed into an existing, large pond. Parks and traditional mansions often have one these water features.

One of the many examples of an outdoor water feature is a stylish wall fountain. Even with a small backyard, it is possible to put in one of these water features. Spouting fountains usually make quite an impact whereas wall features are more of a subtle type of water feature. In this simple process. the water which is pushed out of a small opening, moves down a beautifully textured wall and is then collected at the bottom before being pushed back to the top.

Themed fountains are perfect when the look of your yard allows for them. In a rustic themed cottage or garden, a classical styled statue for your fountain could include cherubs holding the spout. Something special and striking could be an alternative for more modern gardens. Deciding what to do is completely in your hands.

Tiered fountains are alluring because the water flows down multiple levels. Water moves down multiple tiers in a cascading fountain.

The space required for an outdoor fountain can be vast, therefore, a better solution is to install a wall fountain or a pondless fountain. Install one of these fountains if your space is limited since their reservoirs are concealed from sight underground.

Serenity and well-being are some of the chief sensations imparted by Japanese fountains. In this style of water feature the water runs through bamboo sticks. A rustic bucket or shaped stone is positioned at the bottom of this feature to collect the flowing water only to have the cycle repeated over and over again.

One of the many designs of fountain around is the glass fountain. Creating a more classical look are trellis-style fountains which showcase shaped metalwork. Gardens with a lot of sharp edges as well as contemporary shapes and designs are better for these sorts of water features. As the water moves over the surface of the glass it produces a dazzling impact. Some fountains also include colorful LED lights to shine onto the sheets of glass as water flows downwards. The jagged surface of rock waterfall fountain creates an appealing façade as the water gently trickles downwards.

The attribute which differentiates a bubbling rock fountain is a large rock drilled with holes where pipes can be inserted into its middle. The bubbling and gurgling at the uppermost part of this type of fountain are brought on by the water being pushed upward at low pressure. Flowing towards the base of the fountain, the water returns as a slow drizzle down the sides of the rock. This sort of fountain is ideally suitable for little gardens. To ensure that water is not sprayed around if it begins to get windy, this kind of fountain is the best option since it only uses low pressure to move water.

Solar fountains have recently gained in popularity because they are powered by sunlight. The lack of cables, the decreased hassle in dealing with them, the lower energy bills, and the benefits to our ecosystem are just some of the motives for this increased interest. The numerous designs in outdoor solar-run fountains signifies you will not have to compromise on style.

Statues As a Staple of Vintage Art in Historic Greece

Statues Staple Vintage Art Historic Greece 931480076266.jpg Statues As a Staple of Vintage Art in Historic Greece The Archaic Greeks developed the very first freestanding statuary, an awesome achievement as most sculptures up until then had been reliefs cut into walls and pillars. For the most part the statues, or kouros figures, were of adolescent and attractive male or female (kore) Greeks. The kouroi, regarded by the Greeks to symbolize beauty, had one foot stretched out of a fixed forward-facing posture and the male statues were always unclothed, with a compelling, powerful shape. Around 650 BC, life-size versions of the kouroi began to be observed. The Archaic period was an extraordinary point of change for the Greeks as they expanded into new modes of government, created unique expressions of art, and gained information of the men and women and cultures outside of Greece. But in spite of the disputes, the Greek civilization went on to progress, unabated.

The One Cleaning Solution to NEVER Use On Your Outdoor Fountains

The One Cleaning Solution to NEVER Use On Your Outdoor Fountains Water fountains will keep working a long time with routine cleaning and maintenance. Leaves, twigs, and bugs very often find their way into fountains, so it is essential to keep yours free from such things. Also, algae is likely to build up anywhere natural light meets water. To stay clear of this, take vinegar, hydrogen peroxide, or sea salt and add directly into the water. There are those who choose to use bleach, but that is dangerous to any animals that might drink or bathe in the water - so should therefore be avoided.

A thorough cleaning every three-four months is ideal for garden fountains. First you must remove the water. When you have done this, wash inside the water reservoir with a gentle detergent.One Cleaning Solution NEVER Use Outdoor Fountains 2582402596115.jpg If there are any small grooves, work with a toothbrush to reach each and every spot. Make sure all the soap is properly rinsed off.

Numerous organisms and calcium deposits can get inside the pump, so it is recommended to take it apart and clean it completely. You might want to let it soak in vinegar for a few hours to make it easier to scrub. If you want to remove build-up in your fountain, use rain water or mineral water rather than tap water, as these don’t contain any ingredients that might stick to the inside of the pump.

And finally, make sure the water level is continuously full in order to keep your fountain working optimally. Allowing the water to reach below the pump’s intake level, can cause severe damage and even make the pump burn out - an undesired outcome!

Setting Up and Maintaining Large Garden Fountains

Setting Up and Maintaining Large Garden Fountains An important facet to consider is the size of the outdoor wall fountain in relation to the space in which you are going to install it. It is essential that the wall where you are going to place it is strong enough to support its load. Therefore for smaller areas or walls, a more lightweight feature is going to be more appropriate. In order for the fountain to have power, a nearby electrical socket is needed. Most outdoor wall fountains include simple, step-by-step instructions according to the type of fountain.

Generally, when you purchase an outdoor wall fountain, it will come in an easy-to-use kit that will include all the information needed to install it correctly. The kit contains a submersible pump, hoses as well as the basin, or reservoir. If the size is average, the basin can be hidden away among your garden plants. Once your wall fountain is installed, all that is required is consistent cleaning and some light maintenance.Setting Maintaining Large Garden Fountains 4088055402.jpg

Replenishing and cleaning the water on a routine basis is very important. Remember to remove debris like leaves, twigs or dirt as quickly as possible. Make sure that your outdoor wall fountain is shielded from bitterly cold winter temperatures. In order to avoid any damage, such as cracking, from freezing water during the cold winter season, relocate your pump inside. All in all, an outdoor wall fountain can last for any number of years with the right servicing and care.

Modern Garden Decor: Garden Fountains and their Roots

Modern Garden Decor: Garden Fountains Roots 74067802772732193722.jpg Modern Garden Decor: Garden Fountains and their Roots The incredible construction of a fountain allows it to provide clean water or shoot water high into air for dramatic effect and it can also serve as an excellent design feature to enhance your home.

Originally, fountains only served a practical purpose. Cities, towns and villages made use of nearby aqueducts or springs to supply them with potable water as well as water where they could bathe or wash. Until the late nineteenth, century most water fountains operated using the force of gravity to allow water to flow or jet into the air, therefore, they needed a supply of water such as a reservoir or aqueduct located higher than the fountain. Designers thought of fountains as wonderful additions to a living space, however, the fountains also served to provide clean water and celebrate the artist responsible for building it. Bronze or stone masks of animals and heroes were commonly seen on Roman fountains. During the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden designers included fountains in their designs to re-create the gardens of paradise. King Louis XIV of France wanted to illustrate his superiority over nature by including fountains in the Gardens of Versailles. Seventeen and 18 century Popes sought to exalt their positions by including decorative baroque-style fountains at the point where restored Roman aqueducts arrived into the city.

Indoor plumbing became the key source of water by the end of the 19th century thereby limiting urban fountains to mere decorative elements. Gravity was substituted by mechanical pumps in order to enable fountains to bring in clean water and allow for amazing water displays.

Modern fountains are used to embellish community spaces, honor individuals or events, and enhance recreational and entertainment events.

The Countless Construction Materials of Outdoor Water fountains

The Countless Construction Materials of Outdoor Water fountains While today’s garden fountains are made in a number of materials, the majority are made from metal.Countless Construction Materials Outdoor Water fountains 538461648020.jpg Metallic models offer clean lines and unique sculptural accents and will fit in with nearly any decorative style and budget. It is very important that your landscape design reflects the style of your home.

A popular choice today is copper, and it is used in the designing of many sculptural garden fountains. Copper is appropriate for many fountain styles, including tabletop and cascade water fountains, and can be put inside or outside - making it a great option. If you opt to go with copper, your fountain can be any style from fun and whimsical to contemporary.

Also common, brass fountains typically have a more old-fashioned appearance to them versus their copper counterpart. Although it is not the most stylish, the creatures and sculptural features you find on fountains are mostly made of brass, thus making them very popular.

Most people today see stainless steel as the most modern option. For an instantaneous increase in the value and peacefulness of your garden, get one of the contemporary steel designs. As with most fountains, they are available in numerous sizes.

Because it is both lighter and more affordable than metal but has a nearly identical look, fiberglass is quite common for fountains. Caring for a fiberglass water fountain is fairly easy, another benefit that consumers love.

The Advantages of Solar Energy Powered Outdoor Fountains

The Advantages of Solar Energy Powered Outdoor Fountains Your garden wall fountain can be run by a variety of power sources. While electricity has been used up to now to power them, there has been renewed interest in eco-friendly solar powered versions. Solar energy is a great way to run your water fountain, just know that initial costs will most likely be higher. An array of different materials such as terra cotta, copper, porcelain, or bronze are typically used in manufacturing solar powered water features. You should be able to find the right type of fountain to meet your decoration needs. These kinds of fountains can be easily maintained, and you can feel good about making a real contribution to the eco-system while also creating a relaxing garden sanctuary.

Interior wall fountains not only give you something beautiful to look at, they also help to cool your home. An alternative to air conditioners and swamp coolers, they cool down your home by employing the same principles. Since they consume less electricity, they also help you save money on your monthly power bill.

One way to produce a cooling effect is to fan fresh, dry air across them. You can either take advantage of air from a corner of your home or turn on your ceiling fan to better the circulation in the room It is essential to ensure that air is always blowing over the surface of the water.Advantages Solar Energy Powered Outdoor Fountains 9017279608674318884.jpg Cool, fresh air is one of the natural benefits of fountains and waterfalls. A big community fountain or a water fall will produce a sudden chilliness in the air. Placing your fountain cooling system in a spot where it will be exposed to additional heat is not useful. Direct sunlight, for example, reduces the efficiency of your fountain to produce cold air.

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