Anglo-Saxon Landscapes During the Norman Conquest

Anglo-Saxon Landscapes During the Norman Conquest The advent of the Normans in the second half of the 11th century considerably altered The Anglo-Saxon ways of living.Anglo-Saxon Landscapes Norman Conquest 950697917610655.jpg At the time of the conquest, the Normans surpassed the Anglo-Saxons in building design and cultivation. But before focusing on home-life or having the occasion to contemplate domestic architecture or decoration, the Normans had to subjugate an entire population. Monasteries and castles served different purposes, so while monasteries were enormous stone structures assembled in only the most productive, wide dales, castles were set upon blustery knolls where the residents focused on understanding offensive and defensive techniques. Peaceful activities such as gardening were out of place in these destitute citadels. The early Anglo-Norman style of architecture is portrayed in Berkeley Castle, which is perhaps the most unscathed illustration we have. It is said that the keep was created during William the Conqueror's time. A significant terrace serves as a deterrent to invaders who would try to mine the walls of the building. One of these terraces, a charming bowling green, is covered grass and flanked by an ancient yew hedge trimmed into the form of crude battlements.

The Countless Styles of Water Wall Fountains

The Countless Styles of Water Wall Fountains Wall fountains are well suited to small verandas or yards because they do not require too much space while also adding a touch of style and providing a great place to find peace and quiet. The myriad of styles in outdoor wall fountains, including traditional, classic, contemporary, or Asian, means that you can find the one suitable to your tastes.Countless Styles Water Wall Fountains 7617693347524.jpg Your preferences determine the type you buy so while there may not be a prefabricated fountain to suit you, you do have the option of having a custom made one.

Mounted and stand-alone fountains are available on the market. Little, self-contained mounted wall fountains can be installed on any surface. Normally made of resin (to look like stone) or fiber glass, these kinds of fountains are lightweight and easy to hang. Stand-alone fountains, often referred to as floor fountains, are of considerable size, have a basin positioned on the ground and a smooth side which leans against a wall. Typically made of cast stone, these water features have no weight restrictions.

It is a good idea to integrate a custom-made fountain into a new or existing wall, something often recommended by landscape professionals. A professional mason is necessary to install the water basin against the wall and correctly install all the plumbing inside or behind the wall. A fountain mask or a spout also needs to be integrated into the wall. Custom-built wall fountains add to a unified look because they become part of the scenery rather than look like a later addition.

Garden Fountains for Compact Spaces

Garden Fountains for Compact Spaces Since water makes a reflection, small spaces will appear larger. Water features such as fountains benefit from the reflective qualities stemming from dark materials. When the sun goes down, you can use underwater lights in a variety of colors and shapes to light up your new feature.Garden Fountains Compact Spaces 22264872155151854.jpg profit from the sun’s rays by using eco-lights during the day and underwater lights during the night. Alleviating stress and anxiety with their calming sounds are some of the applications in nature medicine.

Water just blends into the greenery in your yard. People will be focused on the pond, artificial river or fountain in your yard. The flexibility of water features is that they can be set up in large backyards as well as in small verandas. The right accessories and the best location for it are important if you want to better the atmosphere.

Use a Landscape Fountain To Help Boost Air Quality

Use a Landscape Fountain To Help Boost Air Quality An otherwise lackluster ambiance can be pepped up with an indoor wall fountain.Use Landscape Fountain Help Boost Air Quality 205804906721804834.jpg Your eyes, your ears and your health can be favorably influenced by including this kind of indoor feature in your home. The science behind the theory that water fountains can be beneficial for you is irrefutable. Water features in general generate negative ions which are then counterbalanced by the positive ions created by modern conveniences. The negative ions generated by these kinds of water features overtake the positive ones ending in positive changes to both your psychological and physical wellness. The increased serotonin levels arising from these types of features make people more aware, serene and energized. Due to the negative ions it releases, an indoor wall fountain can improve your mood and also eliminate impurities in the air. Water features also help in eliminating allergens, pollutants among other sorts of irritants. Finally, these fountains absorb dust particles and micro-organisms in the air thereby influencing your general well-being for the better.

How Your Home or Workplace Profit from an Interior Wall Water Feature

Home Workplace Profit Interior Wall Water Feature 0275845023833828.jpg How Your Home or Workplace Profit from an Interior Wall Water Feature One way to embellish your home with a modern twist is by installing an indoor wall fountain to your living area. These types of fountains decrease noise pollution in your home or workplace, thereby allowing your family and clients to have a worry-free and tranquil environment. Moreover, this type of interior wall water feature will most certainly gain the admiration of your workforce as well as your clientele. All those who come close to your interior water feature will be amazed and even your most difficult detractor will be dazzled.

Your wall element guarantees you a relaxing evening after a long day’s work and help create a tranquil spot where can enjoy watching your favorite sporting event. The rewards of an indoor water feature include its ability to release negative ions with its gentle sounds and eliminate dust and pollen from the air while creating a relaxing environment.

Rome, Gian Lorenzo Bernini, And Water Features

Rome, Gian Lorenzo Bernini, And Water Features There are countless famous water fountains in the city center of Rome.Rome, Gian Lorenzo Bernini, Water Features 70248415634053054.jpg Nearly all of them were designed, designed and constructed by one of the greatest sculptors and designers of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini. His expertise as a water feature designer and also as a city architect, are observable throughout the avenues of Rome. A renowned Florentine sculptor, Bernini's father guided his young son, and they eventually transferred to Rome to totally express their artwork, chiefly in the form of public water features and water fountains. An diligent worker, the young Bernini received praise and the backing of many popes and important artists. Originally he was celebrated for his sculpting skills. Most particularly in the Vatican, he used a base of experience in ancient Greek architecture and melded it flawlessly with Roman marble. Although many artists had an impact on his work, Michelangelo had the most profound effect.

A Brief History of the Early Public Water Fountains

A Brief History of the Early Public Water Fountains Water fountains were initially practical in purpose, used to bring water from rivers or creeks to towns and villages, providing the inhabitants with fresh water to drink, wash, and cook with. In the years before electric power, the spray of fountains was driven by gravity exclusively, often using an aqueduct or water resource located far away in the surrounding mountains. The elegance and wonder of fountains make them ideal for traditional memorials.Brief History Early Public Water Fountains 67997362237822.jpg When you enjoy a fountain today, that is definitely not what the very first water fountains looked like. Uncomplicated stone basins sculpted from nearby stone were the first fountains, used for religious purposes and drinking water. Pure stone basins as fountains have been found from 2,000 BC. The earliest civilizations that utilized fountains relied on gravity to drive water through spigots. Positioned near aqueducts or springs, the practical public water fountains supplied the local populace with fresh drinking water. Fountains with flowery decoration began to appear in Rome in approx. 6 B.C., normally gods and wildlife, made with natural stone or copper-base alloy. The City of Rome had an intricate system of aqueducts that delivered the water for the numerous fountains that were located throughout the city.

Ancient Greece: The Beginnings of Outdoor Statue Design

Ancient Greece: Beginnings Outdoor Statue Design 538461648020.jpg Ancient Greece: The Beginnings of Outdoor Statue Design Nearly all sculptors were paid by the temples to accentuate the intricate columns and archways with renderings of the gods until the stage came to a close and countless Greeks started to think of their religion as superstitious rather than sacred, when it became more typical for sculptors to represent ordinary people as well. Rich families would often times commission a rendition of their forefathers for their big familial tombs; portraiture also became prevalent and would be appropriated by the Romans upon their acquisition of Greek civilization. All through the many years of The Greek Classical period, a time of artistic development, the use of sculpture and many other art forms transformed, so it is erroneous to say that the arts served just one purpose. Whether to fulfill a visual craving or to celebrate the figures of religion, Greek sculpture was an inventive practice in the ancient world, which may be what attracts our focus today.

Bernini’s First Italian Water Fountains

Bernini’s First Italian Water Fountains The Barcaccia, a stunning fountain built at the base of the Trinita dei Monti in Piaza di Spagna, was Bernini's earliest water fountain. Roman residents and site seers who appreciate verbal exchanges as well as being the company of others still flood this spot. Bernini would undoubtedly have been happy to know that people still flock to what has become one the city's most fashionable areas, that surrounding his amazing fountain.Bernini’s First Italian Water Fountains 45477653255003.jpg In around 1630, Pope Urbano VIII helped Bernini start off his professional life with the construction of his first water fountain. People can now see the fountain as an illustration of a great ship gradually sinking into the Mediterranean. According to 16th century reports, a great flood of the Tevere covered the entire area in water, an event which was commemorated by the magnificent fountain. In what turned out to be his sole extended absence from Italy, Bernini {journeyed | traveled] to France in 1665.

How Mechanical Concepts of Outdoor Spread

Mechanical Concepts Outdoor Spread 4486766678.jpg How Mechanical Concepts of Outdoor Spread Dissiminating practical hydraulic facts and fountain design ideas throughout Europe was accomplished with the published documents and illustrated books of the time. A globally recognized innovator in hydraulics in the later part of the 1500's was a French fountain engineer, whose name has been lost to history. By designing landscapes and grottoes with integrated and ingenious water features, he started off his occupation in Italy by earning imperial mandates in Brussels, London and Germany. In France, towards the end of his life, he published “The Principle of Moving Forces”, a publication which became the essential text on hydraulic mechanics and engineering. Detailing modern hydraulic systems, the book furthermore updated key hydraulic developments of classical antiquity. The water screw, a mechanical means to move water, and developed by Archimedes, was featured in the book. An decorative water fountain with the sun heating up the water in two vessels stashed in a adjacent area was shown in one illustration. What occurs is the heated water expanded, goes up and closes up the pipes heading to the water feature, consequently leading to stimulation. Pumps, water wheels, water features and garden pond concepts are included in the text.

Your Wall fountain: Upkeep & Routine Service

Your Wall fountain: Upkeep & Routine Service Setting up an outdoor wall fountain requires that you take into account the dimensions of the space where you are going to place it. It is essential that the wall where you are going to hang it is strong enough to support its load. Therefore for smaller areas or walls, a more lightweight feature is going to be more suitable. An electrical socket close to the fountain is required to power the fountain. Since there are many types of outdoor wall fountains, installation techniques vary, but the majority include easy to follow instructions.

Everything you will need to properly install your outdoor wall fountain is normally provided in easy-to-use kits. A submersible pump, hoses and basin, or reservoir, are included in the kit. The basin can typically be hidden away among your garden plants if it is not too big. Once installed, wall fountains typically only require some light maintenance and regular cleaning.

Replenishing and purifying the water on a regular basis is very important. Remember to clear away debris like leaves, twigs or dirt as fast as possible. Safeguarding your outdoor wall fountain from the freezing winter climate is vital.Wall fountain: Upkeep & Routine Service 79441502.jpg Bring your pump inside when the weather turns very cold and freezes the water so as to prevent any possible harm, like as cracking. All in all, an outdoor wall fountain can last for any number of years with the right maintenance and care.

Keeping Your Outdoor Garden Fountain Tidy

Keeping Your Outdoor Garden Fountain Tidy Water fountains will last a long time with routine cleaning and maintenance.Keeping Outdoor Garden Fountain Tidy 22049718504.jpg A common concern with fountains is that they tend to collect dirt and debris, so it is essential that you keep it free from this. Also, algae is likely to build up any place natural light meets water. In order to prevent this, there are some basic ingredients that can be added into the water, such as vinegar, sea salt, or hydrogen peroxide. Bleach can also be put into the water, but this is not the ideal option because it can harm birds or other animals.

Every three-four months, garden fountains should go through a good cleaning. The initial step is to empty out all the water. Once it is empty, wash inside the reservoir with a mild cleanser. If there is intricate artwork, you might need to use a toothbrush for those hard-to-reach areas. Be sure to completely rinse the interior of the fountain to make sure all the soap is gone.

Calcium and fresh water organisms could get inside the pump, so you should disassemble it to get it truly clean. To make it less strenuous, soak it in vinegar overnight before cleaning. Mineral or rain water, versus tap water, is ideal in order to eliminate any build-up of chemicals inside the pump.

One final recommendation for keeping your fountain in top working shape is to check the water level every day and make sure it is full. Allowing the water to drop below the pump’s intake level, can cause severe damage and even make the pump burn out - an undesired outcome!

Attributes of Outdoor Statues in Archaic Greece Archaic Greeks were well known for providing the first freestanding statuary; up till then, most carvings were made out of walls and pillars as reliefs.Younger, ideal male or female (kore) Greeks were the subject matter of most of the sculptures, or kouros figures.... read more


Outdoor Fountains And Their Use In Minoa Archaeological digs in Minoan Crete in Greece have uncovered several varieties of conduits.In conjunction with offering water, they spread out water which accumulated from storms or waste material.... read more


Rome’s First Water Transport Systems Rome’s 1st elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in 273 BC; prior to that, citizens living at higher elevations had to depend on local springs for their water.... read more


Architectural Statues in Historic Greece In the past, most sculptors were compensated by the temples to adorn the elaborate pillars and archways with renderings of the gods, but as the era came to a close it grew to be more accepted for sculptors to present ordinary people as well simply because many Greeks had begun to think of their institution as superstitious rather than sacred.... read more