Bernini’s Early Italian Fountains

Bernini’s Early Italian Fountains The Barcaccia, Bernini's very first fountain, is a striking chef d'oeuvre built at the foot of the Trinita dei Monti in Piaza di Spagna. To this day, you will find Roman residents and vacation goers occupying this space to revel in chit chatter and being among other people. Today, the city streets surrounding Bernini's fountain are a trendy place where people go to gather, something which the artist would have been pleased to learn. Dating back to around 1630, Pope Urbano VIII mandated what was to be the earliest fountain of the artist's career. A massive ship slowly sinking into the Mediterranean is the fountain's central theme. The great flooding of the Tevere that covered the whole region with water in the 16th was commemorated by this momentous fountain as recorded by reports dating back to this time. In 1665 Bernini journeyed to France, in what was to be his sole lengthy absence from Italy.

Sculpture As a Staple of Classic Art in Archaic Greece

Sculpture As a Staple of Classic Art in Archaic Greece The initial freestanding statuary was designed by the Archaic Greeks, a notable accomplishment since until then the only carvings in existence were reliefs cut into walls and columns. Most of these freestanding sculptures were what is known as kouros figures, statues of young, attractive male or female (kore) Greeks. Representing beauty to the Greeks, the kouroi were created to look stiff and typically had foot in front; the males were healthy, powerful, and nude. In about 650 BC, the differences of the kouroi became life-sized. A huge time of improvement for the Greeks, the Archaic period helped bring about more forms of government, expressions of art, and a higher comprehension of people and customs outside of Greece. But in spite of the disputes, the Greek civilization went on to progress, unabated.

The Minoan Culture: Outdoor Fountains

The Minoan Culture: Outdoor Fountains Fountains and Water and the Minoan Civilization These were applied to provide urban centers with water as well as to minimize flooding and remove waste.Minoan Culture: Outdoor Fountains 372769331699150615.jpg The main components used were rock or terracotta. Anytime terracotta was chosen, it was normally for waterways as well as water pipes which came in rectangle-shaped or round shapes. These included cone-like and U-shaped clay piping which were distinctive to the Minoans. Terracotta pipes were laid underneath the floor surfaces at Knossos Palace and utilized to circulate water. These Minoan conduits were also used for collecting and stocking water, not just distribution. These clay piping were essential to perform: Subterranean Water Transportation: It is not really known why the Minoans required to transport water without it being seen. Quality Water Transportation: Some scholars feel that these water lines were used to develop a separate distribution technique for the palace.

Keep Your Fountain Clean

Keep Your Fountain Clean Proper care and regular cleaning are important to the longevity of water fountains. Leaves, twigs, and bugs often find their way into fountains, so it is vital to keep yours free from such things. Also, algae tends to build up anywhere natural light meets water. Either sea salt, hydrogen peroxide, or vinegar can be dissolved into the water to avoid this problem. Some people opt for adding bleach into the water, but the problem is that it harms wildlife - so it should be avoided.

Experts suggest that the typical garden fountain undergoes a thorough scouring every three-four months. Before you can start washing it you need to drain out all of the water. Then use a soft towel and mild cleanser to scrub the inside. If there is detailed artwork, you might need to use a toothbrush for those hard-to-reach areas. Any soap residue remaining on your fountain can damage it, so be sure it is all rinsed off.

Calcium and fresh water organisms can get inside the pump, so you should disassemble it to get it truly clean. Letting it soak in vinegar for several hours first will make it alot easier to clean. Build-up can be a big problem, so use mineral or rain water over tap water, when possible, to prevent this dilemma.

One final recommendation for keeping your fountain in top working shape is to check the water level every day and make sure it is full. If the water level slides below the pump’s intake level, it can harm the pump and cause it to burn out - something you don't want to happen!

A Chronicle of Fountains

A Chronicle of Fountains The translation of hundreds of classical Greek texts into Latin was commissioned by the learned Pope Nicholas V who led the Church in Rome from 1397 till 1455. In order to make Rome deserving of being the capital of the Christian world, the Pope resolved to embellish the beauty of the city.Chronicle Fountains 01840037893.jpg Reconstruction of the Acqua Vergine, a ruined Roman aqueduct which had transported clean drinking water into the city from eight miles away, began in 1453 at the bidding of the Pope. A mostra, a monumental dedicatory fountain built by ancient Romans to mark the point of entry of an aqueduct, was a custom which was revived by Nicholas V. The Trevi Fountain now occupies the space previously filled with a wall fountain built by Leon Battista Albert, an architect commissioned by the Pope. The aqueduct he had reconditioned included modifications and extensions which eventually allowed it to supply water to the Trevi Fountain as well as the famed baroque fountains in the Piazza del Popolo and the Piazza Navona.

Short Outline of Herb Gardens

Short Outline of Herb GardensShort Outline Herb Gardens 389686264390893964.jpg Numerous gardeners are drawn to herbal plants because they can utilize them in so many different recipes. They are extremely easy to grow both indoors or outdoors, and provide instant gratification as you can incorporate them in a variety of recipes including soups, marinades and sauces. Maintaining your herb garden all year is straight forward to do as you can place the herbal plants in pots and move them in when the weather conditions starts to turn cold. Since perennial natural herbs do not die easily or require replanting every end of the year, they are a practical (and fun) addition to your garden. Over and above this, you really should think about your personal taste preferences when selecting herbs to flavor dishes. It is important to plant herbs that you will use. If you love to cook Latin food, you will definitely use cilantro. If you like Italian food, you should decide to plant basil, oregano, and thyme. You must determine where your herb garden will be placed in order to figure out which herbs will mature best. To make the task simpler, plant directly in the ground if you live in a moderate climate with no severe winters or summers This is a fantastic way to spruce up your backyard without having the problem of buying or creating planters. If you don't want to your plants to die or become dormant after being exposed to severe weather conditions, you can always rely on planters. They are convenient and convenient and you can relocate indoors at any time.

The Subtle Charm of the Garden Wall Fountain

Subtle Charm Garden Wall Fountain 7134527913878763377.jpg The Subtle Charm of the Garden Wall Fountain Make a good impression on your loved ones by incorporating a wall fountain in your interior design. Having a wall water feature in your daily life not only stimulates the eyes with its beauty but also your ears with the gentle background sounds it produces. Consider the positive effects it will have on guests when they experience its wondrous sights and sounds.

A living area with a modern-day design can also benefit from a wall fountain. Stainless steel or glass are two of the materials used to make modern-day types which add a stylish component to your decor. Is space limited in your home or office? The perfect choice for you is a wall water fountain. Since they are hung on a wall, these features do not take up valuable room. Busy entryways in office buildings are often decorated with one of these types of fountains. You can also install wall fountains outdoors. Fiberglass or resin wall water features can be used externally. Liven up your veranda, courtyard, or other outdoor areas with a water fountain made of these weather-proof materials.

Wall fountains can be made in a multitude of different looks ranging from contemporary to classic and provincial. You can choose the best style based upon your individual tastes. The materials used to decorate a mountain lodge are different from that needed to beautify a high-rise apartment, the former perhaps requiring slate and the latter better served with sleek glass. You can pick the material most appropriate to your needs. There is no questioning the fact that fountains are features which delight visitors and add to your quality of life.

"Old School" Fountain Creative Designers

"Old School" Fountain Creative Designers Water fountain designers were multi-talented individuals from the 16th to the late 18th century, often working as architects, sculptors, artisans, engineers and highly educated scholars all in one. Exemplifying the Renaissance artist as a inspiring legend, Leonardo da Vinci performed as an inventor and scientific specialist. With his tremendous curiosity regarding the forces of nature, he explored the properties and motion of water and methodically annotated his findings in his now famed notebooks. Innovative water displays packed with symbolic meaning and all-natural wonder changed private villa settings when early Italian water feature creators coupled creativity with hydraulic and landscaping skill. Known for his incredible skill in archeology, design and garden creations, Pirro Ligorio, the humanist, offered the vision behind the magnificence in Tivoli. For the various estates close to Florence, other fountain builders were well versed in humanistic topics as well as ancient scientific texts, masterminding the extraordinary water marbles, water attributes and water humor.

The Influence of the Norman Conquest on Anglo Saxon Gardens

The Influence of the Norman Conquest on Anglo Saxon Gardens The Anglo-Saxon way of life was drastically changed by the appearance of the Normans in the later eleventh century. The Normans were much better than the Anglo-Saxons at architecture and horticulture when they came into power. However the Normans had to pacify the whole territory before they could focus on home life, domestic architecture, and decoration. Castles were more fundamental designs and often erected on blustery hills, where their people spent both time and space to exercising offense and defense, while monasteries were large stone buildings, commonly located in the widest, most fruitful hollows. Relaxing activities such as gardening were out of place in these destitute citadels. Berkeley Castle is possibly the most unchanged model in existence at present of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture. The keep is said to date from the time of William the Conqueror. A spacious terrace intended for walking and as a way to stop enemies from mining under the walls runs about the building. One of these terraces, a charming bowling green, is covered grass and flanked by an aged yew hedge trimmed into the figure of crude battlements.

Aqueducts: The Solution to Rome's Water Problems

Aqueducts: The Solution to Rome's Water ProblemsAqueducts: Solution Rome's Water Problems 63165179298.jpg Aqua Anio Vetus, the first raised aqueduct assembled in Rome, commenced delivering the men and women living in the hills with water in 273 BC, although they had counted on natural springs up until then. Outside of these aqueducts and springs, wells and rainwater-collecting cisterns were the sole technologies available at the time to supply water to spots of high elevation. In the very early 16th century, the city began to use the water that ran underground through Acqua Vergine to deliver drinking water to Pincian Hill. Pozzi, or manholes, were built at standard stretches along the aqueduct’s channel. Though they were initially manufactured to make it possible to service the aqueduct, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi started using the manholes to accumulate water from the channel, starting when he purchased the property in 1543. The cistern he had built to collect rainwater wasn’t sufficient to meet his water specifications. That is when he made the decision to create an access point to the aqueduct that ran directly below his property.

The Circulation of Garden Water Fountains Manufacturing Knowledge in Europe

The Circulation of Garden Water Fountains Manufacturing Knowledge in Europe Throughout Europe, the principal means of spreading useful hydraulic information and fountain design ideas were the circulated pamphlets and illustrated books of the day, which contributed to the advancement of scientific technology. In the late 1500's, a French water fountain developer (whose name has been lost) was the internationally recognized hydraulics innovator. His experience in creating landscapes and grottoes with integrated and ingenious water fountains began in Italy and with commissions in Brussels, London and Germany.Circulation Garden Water Fountains Manufacturing Knowledge Europe 869814751679.jpg The book, “The Principles of Moving Forces,” authored towards the end of his life in France, became the fundamental text on hydraulic mechanics and engineering. Replacing principal hydraulic findings of classical antiquity, the publication also explains modern hydraulic technologies. The water screw, a technical way to move water, and devised by Archimedes, was highlighted in the book. An ornamental water feature with sunlight heating up the liquid in two vessels concealed in an neighboring accommodation was displayed in one illustration. What occurs is the hot water expanded, goes up and locks up the pipes leading to the water feature, consequently leading to activation. Concepts for pumps, water wheels, water features and garden ponds are also covered in the guide.

Choose from all Kinds of Outdoor Fountains

Choose from all Kinds of Outdoor Fountains Make your dream a reality by creating an haven of tranquility in your garden. You can benefit from a water feature by adding an outdoor fountain to your property and creating a place of serenity.

The flood of water sent shooting into the air by a spouting fountain is an spectacular sight to see.Choose Kinds Outdoor Fountains 00443719878323754896.jpg If your pond is significantly big, it can be incorporated without hassle. Esplanades and traditional stately homes often have one these fountains.

Pick a fashionable wall fountain to put outdoors. Even with a small yard, it is feasible to add one of these water features. Spouting fountains normally make quite an impact whereas wall features are more of an understated type of water feature. In this simple process. the water which is forced out of a small opening, flows down a beautifully textured wall and is then collected at the bottom before being pumped back to the top.

Themed fountains are perfect when the design of your yard allows for them. Consider a classic type of statue, such as a cherub supporting a spout, for the fountain if your residence or garden is rustic in style. Contemporary gardens, on the other hand, benefit from something more audacious. Just permit your creativity to run loose.

The central characteristic of tiered fountains is the numerous levels spewing out water. Due to the water moving down its various levels, these are also called cascading fountains.

The space required for an outdoor fountain can be vast, therefore, a better solution is to install a wall fountain or a pondless fountain. These kinds of fountains are suitable for an area with limited space because their reservoirs are concealed underground.

Add a Japanese fountain if you are looking for a feeling of peace. In this type of water feature the water flows through bamboo sticks. Water then flows into a container or a shaped stone, only to repeat the pattern over and over again.

Glass fountains make up an additional category of fountain. Producing a more classical appearance are trellis-style fountains which showcase shaped metalwork. However, this style of water feature is better suited to backyard gardens with many sharp corners as well as modern-day forms and design. As the water moves over the top of the glass it produces a dazzling effect. LED lighting fixtures are also used in some fountains to flash color across the water as it flows downward on the glass sheet. With water softly flowing down its surface, rock waterfall fountains, often made of imitation rock, are a possible solution for your garden.

Bubbling rock fountains are big rocks drilled with holes which are then filled with pipes in the middle. The gurgles and bubbles at the top are the product of the low pressure used to trigger the water upwards. The water returns gently trickling down the sides of the rock to get to its starting point. Little gardens are perfect for this kind of fountain. This sort of fountain, which uses low pressure to move water, is ideal because it prevents water from being sprayed around in breezy weather.

The trend of setting up solar powered fountains is becoming progressively prevalent. The reasons for this are varied, from the lack of wires and the reduced complexities to the lower power bills and the beneficial effects on our environment. Outdoor solar-powered fountains are available in myriad varying styles, therefore, you will not have to settle on which one to purchase.

Your Wall fountain: Upkeep & Routine Service A vital first step before installing any outdoor wall feature is to consider the room you have available.It will require a strong wall to support its total weight.... read more


The Godfather Of Roman Outdoor Fountains In Rome’s city center, there are many easily recognized water fountains.One of the most distinguished sculptors and artists of the 17th century, almost all of them were designed, conceptualized and built by Gian Lorenzo Bernini.... read more


The Various Construction Materials of Fountains Though they come in different materials, today’s garden fountains tend to be made of metal.Those made from metals have clean lines and attractive sculptural elements, and are versatile enough to fit any budget and decor.... read more


Outdoor Wall Fountains: The Many Styles on the Market Small verandas or courtyards are a perfect place to install wall fountains because they add style to an area with limited space.Conventional, antique, modern, or Asian are just a few of the styles you can pick from when looking for an outdoor wall fountain to your liking.... read more