Characteristics of Outdoor Statues in Archaic Greece

Characteristics of Outdoor Statues in Archaic Greece Archaic Greeks were well known for developing the first freestanding statuary; up until then, most carvings were constructed out of walls and pillars as reliefs.Characteristics Outdoor Statues Archaic Greece 6663544008457.jpg Kouros figures, sculptures of young, attractive male or female (kore) Greeks, made up the bulk of the statues. The kouroi were seen by the Greeks to embody beauty and were sculpted with one foot leading and an uncompromising rigidity to their forward-facing poses; the male statues were always strapping, sinewy, and naked. In about 650 BC, the differences of the kouroi became life-sized. The Archaic period was tumultuous for the Greeks as they progressed into more sophisticated forms of federal government and art, and gained more data about the peoples and societies outside of Greece. During this time and other durations of historical tumult, clashes often happened, including wars fought amongst city-states such as the Arcadian wars and the Spartan invasion of Samos.

The Vast Array of Outdoor Water Features

The Vast Array of Outdoor Water Features Is it possible for you to transform your yard into a paradise of peace? Add a sense of tranquility to your garden with an exterior fountain and avail yourself of all the positive effects of a water feature.

The stream of water sent high up into the air by a spouting fountain is an impressive sight to see. Large, existing ponds can have one of these incorporated without much trouble. These types of fountains are often found in parks or historical manor homes.Vast Array Outdoor Water Features 963405573789478.jpg

Outdoor water features are available in different shapes and sizes, one of which is a chic wall fountain. Even with a small yard, it is possible to add one of these water features. Wall fountains are not flamboyant water features as compared to a spouting fountain. In this straightforward process, water is ejected from a little spout, runs down a beautifully textured wall, before being collected at the bottom and returned to the top once again.

Putting in a fountain with a theme depends totally on the style of your garden. If your bungalow or garden is styled in a rustic manner, you should think about adding a classic type of statue, such as a seraph holding the spout, to your fountain. On the other hand, a more modern garden can include more of a bold design. Just permit your creativity to run loose.

The central characteristic of tiered fountains is the numerous levels spewing out water. Water flowing down multiple levels of this water feature is the main attribute of a cascading fountain.

Due to the fact that outdoor fountains can take up a lot of space, fit in a wall fountain or a pondless fountain if the space you have is minimal. These types of water features are ideal for an area with limited space because their reservoirs are buried underground.

If you seek a feeling of serenity and calmness, put in a Japanese fountain as these are believed to bring about such sensations. In this model of water feature the water runs through bamboo sticks. The repetition of water streaming into a bucket or shaped stone is one of the main attributes of this kind of fountain.

Fountains composed of glass are another type available. Featuring shaped metalwork, trellis-style fountains of this type have a more traditional aspect. However, this type of water feature is better suited to gardens with many sharp corners as well as modern-day forms and design. The water produces a dazzling effect when it streams down the surface of the glass. Colorful LED lights are also included in some fountains to illuminate the water as it progresses down the sheet of glass. The jagged surface of rock waterfall fountain creates an appealing façade as the water gently flows downwards.

Bubbling rock fountains are large rocks drilled with holes which are then filled with pipes in the middle. Low pressure is used to spout out the water which then bubbles and gurgles at the top. Downward flowing water appears as gentle trickle as it moves down the sides of the rock to return to its base. This type of fountain is perfectly suited for little gardens. The low pressure used in this sort of fountain hinders water from being splashed about in case of a windy day.

Solar powered fountains have become more popular recently since they run on sunlight. There are numerous reasons for this newly found interest such as the absence of cables, less difficulty in running them, a reduction in electricity bills, and the benefits to the environment. You will not have to concede on style since there is a wide selection of designs to pick from in outdoor solar-powered fountains.

Aqueducts: The Remedy to Rome's Water Problems

Aqueducts: The Remedy to Rome's Water ProblemsAqueducts: Remedy Rome's Water Problems 909980223.jpg With the building of the very first raised aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, individuals who lived on the city’s hills no longer had to depend only on naturally-occurring spring water for their needs. If residents residing at higher elevations did not have access to springs or the aqueduct, they’d have to rely on the remaining existing techniques of the time, cisterns that collected rainwater from the sky and subterranean wells that drew the water from below ground. To offer water to Pincian Hill in the early 16th century, they applied the emerging tactic of redirecting the stream from the Acqua Vergine aqueduct’s underground network. During its initial building and construction, pozzi (or manholes) were positioned at set intervals along the aqueduct’s channel. During the roughly 9 years he had the residential property, from 1543 to 1552, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi used these manholes to take water from the network in buckets, though they were originally established for the goal of cleaning and servicing the aqueduct. He didn’t get enough water from the cistern that he had established on his property to gather rainwater. Via an orifice to the aqueduct that flowed under his property, he was able to meet his water needs.

The Wide Array of Outdoor Wall Water Fountains

Wide Array Outdoor Wall Water Fountains 672960042412402.jpg The Wide Array of Outdoor Wall Water Fountains A small patio or a courtyard is a great place to situate your wall fountain when you seek peace and quiet. Additionally, it can be designed to fit into any wall space since it does not take up much room. Whether it is stand alone or mounted, you will need a spout, a water bowl, internal piping, and a pump. You have many models to a lot to choose from whether you are in search of a traditional, contemporary, classical, or Asian style.

Stand-alone wall fountains, otherwise known as floor fountains, are relatively big and feature a basin on the ground.

It is possible to incorporate a wall-mounted water feature onto an already existent wall or built into a new wall. A cohesive look can be achieved with this style of water feature because it seems to become part of the scenery rather than an added element.

What Are Wall fountains Crafted From?

Wall fountains  Crafted From? 69368983079025189473.jpg What Are Wall fountains Crafted From? Although they come in different materials, modern garden fountains tend to be made of metal. Metallic models offer clean lines and unique sculptural accents and can accommodate nearly any decorative style and budget. Your landscape should complement the style of your residence.

A common choice today is copper, and it is used in the making of many sculptural garden fountains. Copper is trendy for both inside and outside use and is widely found in tabletop and cascade fountains, among others. Copper is also versatile enough that you can pick a range of styles for your fountain, from contemporary to whimsical.

Brass water fountains are also common, although they tend to have a more traditional look than copper ones. You will see a lot of brass fountains, as their intriguing artwork makes them popular even if they are on the more traditional side.

Of all the metals, stainless steel is viewed as the most modern -looking. If you select a cutting-edge steel design, both the value and tranquility of your garden will get a nice boost. Like all water fountains, you can find them in just about any size you choose.

For people who want the appearance of a metal fountain but want a lighter weight and more affordable option, fiberglass is the answer. Caring for a fiberglass water fountain is fairly easy, another benefit that consumers love.

The Results of the Norman Invasion on Anglo Saxon Landscaping

The Results of the Norman Invasion on Anglo Saxon Landscaping The Anglo-Saxon way of life was drastically changed by the introduction of the Normans in the later eleventh century. At the time of the conquest, the Normans surpassed the Anglo-Saxons in building design and cultivation. But before concentrating on home-life or having the occasion to think about domestic architecture or decoration, the Normans had to subjugate an entire population. Castles were more basic designs and often built on blustery hills, where their people devoted both time and space to practicing offense and defense, while monasteries were large stone buildings, mostly located in the widest, most fertile hollows.Results Norman Invasion Anglo Saxon Landscaping 4343511411.jpg The tranquil practice of gardening was not viable in these dreary bastions. Berkeley Castle, maybe the most unspoiled style of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture, still exists today. The keep is said to date from William the Conqueror's time. A large terrace intended for exercising and as a way to stop attackers from mining below the walls runs about the building. A picturesque bowling green, enveloped in grass and bordered by battlements clipped out of an ancient yew hedge, creates one of the terraces.

Bernini's Earliest Masterpieces

Bernini's Earliest Masterpieces The Barcaccia, Bernini's first fountain, is a magnificent chef d'oeuvre built at the foot of the Trinita dei Monti in Piaza di Spagna. To this day, you will see Roman residents and vacation goers filling this area to revel in chit chatter and being among other people.Bernini's Earliest Masterpieces 990223948038.jpg Today, the city streets around Bernini's water fountain are a trendy place where people go to gather, something which the artist would have been pleased to learn. Dating back to around 1630, Pope Urbano VIII mandated what was to be the very first water fountain of the artist's career. Depicted in the fountain's design is a large ship gradually sinking into the Mediterranean Sea. The great 16th century flood of the Tevere, which left the entire region inundated with water, was memorialized by the water fountain according to writings from the time. In 1665, France was graced by Bernini's one-and-only extended journey outside of Italy.

Where did Landscape Fountains Begin?

Where did Landscape Fountains Begin? A fountain, an amazing piece of engineering, not only supplies drinking water as it pours into a basin, it can also propel water high into the air for an extraordinary effect.Landscape Fountains Begin? 366573614014669.jpg

From the onset, outdoor fountains were simply there to serve as functional elements. Inhabitants of cities, townships and small towns utilized them as a source of drinking water and a place to wash, which meant that fountains had to be linked to nearby aqueduct or spring. Up until the 19th century, fountains had to be higher and closer to a water source, such as aqueducts and reservoirs, in order to take advantage of gravity which fed the fountains. Designers thought of fountains as wonderful additions to a living space, however, the fountains also served to provide clean water and honor the designer responsible for building it. The main materials used by the Romans to create their fountains were bronze or stone masks, mostly illustrating animals or heroes. To illustrate the gardens of paradise, Muslim and Moorish garden planners of the Middle Ages introduced fountains to their designs. Fountains enjoyed a significant role in the Gardens of Versailles, all part of French King Louis XIV’s desire to exert his power over nature. To mark the entrance of the restored Roman aqueducts, the Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries commissioned the construction of baroque style fountains in the spot where the aqueducts arrived in the city of Rome

Since indoor plumbing became the norm of the day for fresh, drinking water, by the end of the 19th century urban fountains were no longer needed for this purpose and they became purely ornamental. Amazing water effects and recycled water were made possible by switching the power of gravity with mechanical pumps.

Modern-day fountains serve mostly as decoration for public spaces, to honor individuals or events, and compliment entertainment and recreational events.

The Benefits of Solar Energy Powered Garden Water fountains

The Benefits of Solar Energy Powered Garden Water fountains There are various energy sources which can be used to power your garden wall fountain.Benefits Solar Energy Powered Garden Water fountains 320001423167437577.jpg Eco-friendly solar powered fountains, which are now easily available, have substituted older fountains which run on electricity. The initial costs to run your fountain on solar energy are most likely going to be higher, but you should keep in mind that in the long run it will be the more affordable option. Terra cotta, copper, porcelain, or bronze are the most prevalent materials chosen to build solar powered water fountains. Your decor determines which type best fits you. If you are contemplating a fountain to complete your garden refuge, know that they are easy to manage and a great way to contribute to a clean eco-system.

Indoor wall fountains are a superb option to cool your home as well as to provide an eye-catching addition to your living area. They cool your residence by applying the same principles used in air conditioners and swamp coolers. You can also save on your utility costs because they use less energy.

One way to produce a cooling effect is to fan clean, dry air across them. You can either take advantage of air from a corner of your home or turn on your ceiling fan to improve the circulation in the room Regardless of the technique you use, be certain the air is flowing over the top of the water in a regular manner. It is the nature of fountains and waterfalls to produce cool, fresh air. A big community fountain or a water fall will generate a sudden chill in the air. Placing your fountain cooling system in a spot where it will be exposed to additional heat is not useful. Your fountain will be less reliable if you situate it in the sunlight.

Did You Know How Technical Concepts of Water Fountains Became Known?

Know Technical Concepts Water Fountains Became Known? 45477653255003.jpg Did You Know How Technical Concepts of Water Fountains Became Known? Contributing to the development of scientific technology were the published papers and illustrated books of the day. They were also the primary method of transmitting useful hydraulic ideas and water fountain design suggestions all through Europe. An unnamed French water fountain developer came to be an globally renowned hydraulic pioneer in the later part of the 1500's. His experience in creating landscapes and grottoes with incorporated and ingenious water fountains began in Italy and with commissions in Brussels, London and Germany. He penned a publication named “The Principles of Moving Forces” towards the conclusion of his life while in France that turned into the essential tome on hydraulic mechanics and engineering. Classical antiquity hydraulic developments were outlined as well as revisions to essential classical antiquity hydraulic breakthroughs in the publication. Notable among these works were those of Archimedes, the developer of the water screw, a mechanical means of moving water. A pair of undetectable containers heated up by the sun's rays in an area next to the decorative water fountain were shown in an illustration. The heated water expands and subsequently ascends and shuts the water lines consequently triggering the water feature. Designs for pumps, water wheels, water attributes and garden ponds are also covered in the publication.

Your Garden: The Perfect Spot for a Wall Fountain

Your Garden: The Perfect Spot for a Wall Fountain You can improve your outdoor area by including a wall fountain or an outdoor garden water feature to your yard or gardening project. Historical fountains and water features have stirred the notice of contemporary designers as well as fountain manufacturers. You can also reinforce the link to the past by incorporating one of these to your home's interior design. In addition to the positive attributes of garden fountains, they also generate water and moisture which goes into the air, thereby, drawing in birds as well as other creatures and harmonizing the environment. For example, birds attracted by a fountain or birdbath can be helpful because they fend off bothersome flying insects.Garden: Perfect Spot Wall Fountain 27388849809526386990.jpg

The space necessary for a cascading or spouting fountain is substantial, so a wall fountain is the ideal size for a small yard. There are two types of fountains to pick from including the freestanding model with a flat back and an attached basin set up against a fence or a wall in your yard, or the wall-mounted, self-contained variety which is suspended directly on a wall. Adding a fountain to an existent wall requires that you include a fountain mask as well as a basin at the base to collect the water. Be sure to employ a specialist for this type of job since it is better not to do it yourself due to the intricate plumbing and masonry work involved.

Garden Fountains for Compact Spaces

Garden Fountains for Compact Spaces The reflective properties of water means it can make small areas appear larger than they are. Water features such as fountains benefit from the reflective characteristics stemming from dark materials. Use underwater lights, which come in many different forms and colors, to display your new feature at night. profit from the sun’s rays by using eco-lights during the day and underwater lights during the night. Alleviating stress and anxiety with their calming sounds are some of the uses in nature medicine.

The greenery in your backyard is the perfect place to situate your water feature. Turn your water feature such as a pond, artificial river, or fountain to become the central piece of your backyard. Small verandas or major gardens is the perfect place to put in a water feature. The atmosphere can be significantly changed by placing it in the best place and using the right accessories.

Creators of the First Outdoor Fountains Often serving as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars, all in one, fountain designers were multi-talented people from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century.... read more


Find Serenity with Garden Water Features Water adds peace to your garden environment.The noise in your community can be masked by the soft sounds of a fountain.This is the perfect spot to relax and experience the natural world near you.... read more


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"Old School" Water Fountain Designers Often serving as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one, from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century, fountain designers were multi-talented individuals,... read more


Outdoor Wall Fountains: The Numerous Designs on the Market You can create a place to unwind as well as add a touch of style to your porch or yard with a wall fountain since they are excellent adornments to fit into small area.... read more


The Various Construction Materials of Outdoor Fountains While today’s garden fountains are made in a range of materials, most are made from metal.Metallic fountains, with their clean lines and sculptural accents, exist in in a variety of metals and can accommodate any style or budget.... read more


The Vast Array of Exterior Fountains Have you ever thought about turning your garden into an oasis of serenity?The soothing feeling created by outdoor fountains is just one of the benefits of adding a water feature in your garden.... read more